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Table Of Contents

Foreword
Acknowledgements
Introduction
1Introduction
2What do People Mean by “Fuels” and “Energy”?
Fundamentals
3What are Primary and Secondary Energy Commodities?
4What are Fossil Fuels and Renewable Energy Forms?
5How to Measure Quantities and Heating Values?
6What is the Difference between Gross and Net Calorific Values?
7What is a “Commodity Flow”?
8What are the Main Flows Considered in Energy Statistics?
9How are Energy Data Presented?
1 What are Electricity and Heat?
2What Units are Used to Express Electricity and Heat?
4 Electricity and Heat Flows
3How to Make the Conversion from Volume and Mass to Energy?
5Electricity and Heat Supply
6 Electricity and Heat Consumption
1 What is Natural Gas ?
Natural Gas
2 What Units are Used to Express Natural Gas?
3 How to Make the Conversion from Volume to Energy?
4Natural Gas Flows
Figure 3.1 qSimplified Flow Chart for Natural Gas
Figure 3.2 qTable Relations within the Natural Gas Questionnaire
5Natural Gas Supply
Figure 3.3 qSimplified Flow Chart for Natural Gas Production
6 Natural Gas Consumption
7 Additional Requirements for the Joint Questionnaire on Natural Gas
1 What is Oil ?
2 What Units are Used to Express Oil?
3How to Make the Conversion from Volume to Mass?
4 Oil Flows
5 Oil Supply
Figure 4.6 qDeliveries to the Petrochemical Sector
6 Oil Consumption
7 Additional requirements for the Joint Questionnaire on Oil
1 What Are Solid Fossil Fuels and Manufactured Gases ?
3How to Make the Conversion from Mass and Volume to Energy?
4Coal Flows
5Coal Supply
6Coal Consumption
7Additional Requirements for the Joint Questionnaire on Coal
1 What are Renewables and Waste?
Figure 6.1 qRenewables and Waste Classification into Three Groups
2What Units are Used to Express Renewables and Waste?
3How to Make the Conversion from Mass and Volume to Energy
4Renewables and Waste Flows
Figure 6.3 qTable Relations within the Renewables and Waste Questionnaire
5Renewables and Waste Supply
Figure 6.4 qSimplified Flow Chart for Group I Renewables and Waste
Figure 6.5 qSimplified Flow Chart for Group II Renewables and Waste
6Renewables and Waste Consumption
Energy Balances
1Why Make Balances?
2Commodity Balances
3Energy Balances
4Differences between the Energy Balances of Eurostat and the IEA
Figure A1.1 qBackpressure Power Plants
Steam turbine with extraction and condensation
Figure A1.3 qGas Turbine with Heat Recovery
Figure A1.4 qReciprocating Internal Combustion Engines
Combined gas/steam cycle in co-generation
Figure A1.5 qCombined Gas/Steam Cycle in Co-generation
Fuel Characteristics
Table A2.1 qA Schematic Composition of Coal
Table A2.2 qSolid Primary and Derived Coal Products
Units and Conversion Equivalents
Table A3.1 qMost Common Multiple and Sub-multiple Prefixes
Table A3.3 qConversion Equivalents between Units of Mass
Table A3.4 qConversion Equivalents between Units of Energy
Table A3.6 qCalorific Values by Coke Type
Table A3.5 qRange of Calorific Values by Hard Coal Type
Table A3.7 qTypical Calorific Values for Coal-derived Gases
Table A3.8 qTypical Calorific Values for Selected Petroleum Products
Table A3.11 qConversion Equivalents between LNG and Natural Gas Units
Table A3.12 qGross versus Net Calorific Value of Natural Gas
Glossary
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Statistics Manual

Statistics Manual

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Published by Matevz Pusnik

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Published by: Matevz Pusnik on Jan 07, 2011
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