PagePagePagePage 1111GuideGuideGuideGuide to Writing Objective Tests v1.2to Writing Objective Tests v1.2to Writing Objective Tests v1.2to Writing Objective Tests v1.2PagePagePagePage 1111 Introduction to Selected Response QuestionsIntroduction to Selected Response QuestionsIntroduction to Selected Response QuestionsIntroduction to Selected Response Questions
INTRODUCTION TO SELEINTRODUCTION TO SELEINTRODUCTION TO SELEINTRODUCTION TO SELECTED RESPONSE QUESTICTED RESPONSE QUESTICTED RESPONSE QUESTICTED RESPONSE QUESTIONSONSONSONS
This guide was written as part of the E
project, which sought to develop SQA’sfirst (fully) online qualification. A package of support materials was developed as partof that project – and this document is part of that package.It was written after an extensive literature review of UK and international (particularlyUS) publications relating to objective testing. It is notnotnotnot a procedural guide for SQAappointees. Specific sectors and subjects will have their own procedures forproducing objective tests and this guide does not seek to replace that guidance.However, it does aim to describe best practice in the construction of objective testsfrom a generic perspective.This document has gone through a number of revisions since the first draft versionwas written in July 2006. Special thanks to everyone who took the time to contributethrough SQA Academy (http://www.sqaacademy.com). The document is being frequently revised. An online forum is available to discuss its contents at thefollowing URL, where the latest version of the Guide can be found:http://groups.google.com/group/objectivetesting
Bobby Elliott (firstname.lastname@example.org) April 2007
PURPOSE OF THIS GUIDEAlthough most SQA units employ “conventional” assessment, some subject areas(mostly Science-related) have a tradition of using objective tests. For example,Biology uses multiple choice questions at Intermediate, Higher and Advanced Higherlevels; and HNC Computing uses an objective test as part of the Graded Unit.More recently, there has been greater emphasis on objective testing due to itssuitability for computer-based assessment; as a result, an increasing number of unitspecifications (at both National and Higher National levels) involve an element of objective testing.This guide will be of assistance to any SQA Officer (or appointee) involved in creating objective tests. It has three objectives:1.
to provide advice about the construction of objective questions;2.
to explain how to combine questions into an objective test;3.
to provide guidance on authoring items.A subsidiary objective is to standardise our vocabulary. Objective testing is atechnical area with lots of jargon – some of which is used inconsistently. This guideis the result of a wide-ranging literature review and seeks to harmonise ourterminology with that used internationally.