characterized and defined by their relation inside their hierarchical structure and their leadership style sustained in an ideological content.Besides, we find that the relative integration of the civils and the military inside thenational system, is because that its leadership structure in both sectors differs from its basis of the formation and democratic participation with some of its members do notagree with. On the other side, the terrorist organizations have their own system whichthey are using: the national system for their ideological achievements. Their leadershipis centred in an elite with peculiar characteristics, the one which is close to the entry of new leaders.The research on the leadership of Shining Path supposes the consideration of anillustrative case from the acting of its followers in each terrorist action to a local andinternational level. Actions which were executed evidencing a new organizationalstructure and a new leadership style. The acting also shows that the followers have alsoan ideological formation of the fight for the power, ideological formation which isdefined as an interrelation between the beliefs and the marxist-leninist-maoist ideologyand the Gonzalo thought. This is operationalized in the expression of key mottoesappeared in cities inside the country, as well as the outside – New York, The UnitedStates.Finally, the analysis of the models of decision of the organization of the senderists ischaracterized as the beginning of a new faction inside the levels of the terrorist action.In this case, a new structure is being created for the concentration of the effort of leadership elements in each level of leadership, where a decision is predominantlyindependent of the organic structure, while the others- civil and militar leadership- islargely dependent due to that it begins its activities in function to the activities of theinternal agents of its organization. The two studied cases provide the additionalinformation about the nature and the structure of the leadership in each group, as well asit confirms the importance of the relationship between the leadership, organization andideology as a means to influence on any political process.
Part I – General Aspects
Human societies, their culture and civilizations, emerge from other societies andcultures; they develop and become more complex each time. In their historical process,3