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spetznaz, viktor suvorov

spetznaz, viktor suvorov

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Published by: prowling on Jan 08, 2011
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Виктор Суворов. Спецназ
--------------------------------------------------------------------------Translated from the Russian by David FloydFirst published in Great Britain 1987 by Hamish Hamilton LtdISBN 0-241-11961-8OCR: 28 Dec 2001 by MadMax Origin: http://www.geocities.com/Suvorov_book/--------------------------------------------------------------------------
Spetsnaz.
The Inside Story of the Soviet Special Forces
 by Viktor Suvorov.To Natasha and Alexander Chapter 1. Spades and MenEvery infantryman in the Soviet Army carries with him a small spade.When he is given the order to halt he immediately lies flat and starts todig a hole in the ground beside him. In three minutes he will have dug alittle trench 15 centimetres deep, in which he can lie stretched out flat,so that bullets can whistle harmlessly over his head. The earth he has dugout forms a breastwork in front and at the side to act as an additionalcover. If a tank drives over such a trench the soldier has a 50% chance thatit will do him no harm. At any moment the soldier may be ordered to advanceagain and, shouting at the top of his voice, will rush ahead. If he is notordered to advance, he digs in deeper and deeper. At first his trench can beused for firing in the lying position. Later it becomes a trench from whichto fire in the kneeling position, and later still, when it is 110centimetres deep, it can be used for firing in the standing position. Theearth that has been dug out protects the soldier from bullets and fragments.He makes an embrasure in this breastwork into which he positions the barrel
 
of his gun. In the absence of any further commands he continues to work onhis trench. He camouflages it. He starts to dig a trench to connect with hiscomrades to the left of him. He always digs from right to left, and in a fewhours the unit has a trench linking all the riflemen's trenches together.The unit's trenches are linked with the trenches of other units. Dug-outsare built and communication trenches are added at the rear. The trenches aremade deeper, covered over, camouflaged and reinforced. Then, suddenly, theorder to advance comes again. The soldier emerges, shouting and swearing asloudly as he can.The infantryman uses the same spade for digging graves for his fallencomrades. If he doesn't have an axe to hand he uses the spade to chop his bread when it is frozen hard as granite. He uses it as a paddle as he floatsacross wide rivers on a telegraph pole under enemy fire. And when he getsthe order to halt, he again builds his impregnable fortress around himself.He knows how to dig the earth efficiently. He builds his fortress exactly asit should be. The spade is not just an instrument for digging: it can also be used for measuring. It is 50 centimetres long. Two spade lengths are ametre. The blade is 15 centimetres wide and 18 centimetres long. With thesemeasurements in mind the soldier can measure anything he wishes.The infantry spade does not have a folding handle, and this is a veryimportant feature. It has to be a single monolithic object. All three of itsedges are as sharp as a knife. It is painted with a green matt paint so asnot to reflect the strong sunlight.The spade is not only a tool and a measure. It is also a guarantee of the steadfastness of the infantry in the most difficult situations. If theinfantry have a few hours to dig themselves in, it could take years to getthem out of their holes and trenches, whatever modern weapons are usedagainst them.___ In this book we are not talking about the infantry but about soldiers belonging to other units, known as
 spetsnaz 
. These soldiers never digtrenches; in fact they never take up defensive positions. They either launcha sudden attack on an enemy or, if they meet with resistance or superior enemy forces, they disappear as quickly as they appeared and attack theenemy again where and when the enemy least expects them to appear.Surprisingly, the
 spetsnaz 
soldiers also carry the little infantryspades. Why do they need them? It is practically impossible to describe inwords how they use their spades. You really have to see what they do withthem. In the hands of a
 spetsnaz 
soldier the spade is a terrible noiselessweapon and every member of 
 spetsnaz 
gets much more training in the use of his spade then does the infantryman. The first thing he has to teach himself is precision: to split little slivers of wood with the edge of the spade or to cut off the neck of a bottle so that the bottle remains whole. He has tolearn to love his spade and have faith in its accuracy. To do that he placeshis hand on the stump of a tree with the fingers spread out and takes a bigswing at the stump with his right hand using the edge of the spade. Once hehas learnt to use the spade well and truly as an axe he is taught morecomplicated things. The little spade can be used in hand-to-hand fightingagainst blows from a bayonet, a knife, a fist or another spade. A soldier armed with nothing but the spade is shut in a room without windows along
 
with a mad dog, which makes for an interesting contest. Finally a soldier istaught to throw the spade as accurately as he would use a sword or a battle-axe. It is a wonderful weapon for throwing, a single, well-balancedobject, whose 32-centimetre handle acts as a lever for throwing. As it spinsin flight it gives the spade accuracy and thrust. It becomes a terrifyingweapon. If it lands in a tree it is not so easy to pull out again. Far moreserious is it if it hits someone's skull, although
 spetsnaz 
members usuallydo not aim at the enemy's face but at his back. He will rarely see the bladecoming, before it lands in the back of his neck or between his shoulder  blades, smashing the bones.The
 spetsnaz 
soldier loves his spade. He has more faith in itsreliability and accuracy than he has in his Kalashnikov automatic. Aninteresting psychological detail has been observed in the kind of hand-to-hand confrontations which are the stock in trade of 
 spetsnaz 
. If asoldier fires at an enemy armed with an automatic, the enemy also shoots athim. But if he doesn't fire at the enemy but throws a spade at him instead,the enemy simply drops his gun and jumps to one side.This is a book about people who throw spades and about soldiers whowork with spades more surely and more accurately than they do with spoons ata table. They do, of course, have other weapons besides their spades.--------Chapter 2.
Spetsnaz 
and the GRUIt is impossible to translate the Russian word
razvedka
precisely intoany foreign language. It is usually rendered as `reconnaissance' or `spying'or `intelligence gathering'. A fuller explanation of the word is that itdescribes any means and any actions aimed at obtaining information about anenemy, analysing it and understanding it properly.Every Soviet military headquarters has its own machinery for gatheringand analysing information about the enemy. The information thus collectedand analysed about the enemy is passed on to other headquarters, higher up,lower down and on the same level, and each headquarters in turn receivesinformation about the enemy not only from its own sources but also from theother headquarters.If some military unit should be defeated in battle through itsignorance of the enemy, the commanding officer and his chief of staff haveno right to blame the fact that they were not well enough informed about theenemy. The most important task for every commander and chief of staff isthat, without waiting for information to arrive from elsewhere, they mustorganise their own sources of information about the enemy and warn their ownforces and their superior headquarters of any danger that is threatened. 
Spetsnaz 
is one of the forms of Soviet military
razvedka
which occupiesa place somewhere between reconnaissance and intelligence.It is the name given to the shock troops of 
razvedka
in which there arecombined elements of espionage, terrorism and large-scale partisanoperations. In personal terms, this covers a very diverse range of people:secret agents recruited by Soviet military
razvedka
among foreigners for carrying out espionage and terrorist operations; professional units composedof the country's best sportsmen; and units made up of ordinary but carefully

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