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XI Animal Nutrition Conference, India, 2004

XI Animal Nutrition Conference, India, 2004

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Proceeding/ Abstract Book of XI Animal Nutrition Conference, Jabalpur, India, 2004.
Proceeding/ Abstract Book of XI Animal Nutrition Conference, Jabalpur, India, 2004.

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Proc. XI Animal Nutrition Conference, Jabalpur, 2004
1
1. Livestock feed resources, availability and augmentation
001Nutritive value of masoor
(Lens esculenta) straw in calves
-
M.K. Mehta, A.S. Rane and R.P.S.Baghel,
 Department of Animal Nutrition, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Mhow - 453 446 (M.P.)
Masoor straw was fed as a sole feed to eight crossbred calves with an average bodyweight of 150.50±3.36 Kg. The nutritive value was estimated by conducting a metabolism trial.The digestibiItty of nutrients and balance of nutrients were estimated. Voluntary Dry Matterintake was 2.74 kg/100 Kg. body weight. The digestibility coefficients for DM, OM, CP, EE, CF,NFE, NDF and ADF were 54.65±0.54, 55.85±0.25, 59.58±0.94, 64.95±1.50, 51.25±1.40, 61.66±0.90,50.58±1.17 and 39.83±0.70 percent, respectively. The DCP and TDN contents on DM basis were5.15±0.07 and 53.97±0.67 percent; respectively. The balance studies indicated that the nitrogenbalance was positive while the calcium and phosphorous balance was negative. The negativemineral balance was attributed to a very wide Ca:P ratio(10:1). The deficiency of Phosphorous(0.1%) and excess of Ca (1.09%) may be the reason of this imbalance. The supplementation of phosphorous may be helpful to provide optimum mineral nutrition. It is concluded that nutritionallyit is much superior to the wheat straw, which is mostly: used in this area for feeding of the animals.
002Comparative nutrient utilization in sheep and goat fed masoor straw based ration -
S.B. Maity,M.M. Das and S.S. Kundu,
Plant Animal Relationship Division,Indian Grassland and Fodder  Research Institute, Jhansi - 284 003 (U.P.)
Six adult jalauni sheep (28.16±1.04 kg) and six adult Bundhelkhandi local goat (29.5±1.28kg) were fed concentrate mixture 100g as supplement and masoor (Lentil) straw
ad libitum
toinvestigate the nutritional importance of masoor straw in small ruminants ration. After one monthof preliminary feeding, a digestion cum metabolism trial was conducted. Average dry matterintake (kg/d) by the sheep (Tl) was 1.l0±.07 and in goat (T2) it was 0.956±0.l1 CP intake (g/d) in Tland T2 was 85.0±3.96 and 79.5±7.4, respectively. Digestibility coefficient of dry matter was higher(54.44±1.61) in sheep than in goat (50.47±1.15). Similarly digestibility (%) of organic matter washigher (55.95±1.57) in sheep than in goat ( 52.43±0.99). CP digestibility (%) was comparable inboth the groups (42.41±3.66 vs 43.16±2.31). Digestibility (%) of crude fiber was comparativelyhigher in sheep (45.91±1.69) than in goat (42.06±1.02). Similarly NFE digestibility (%) was alsohigher in T2 (63.33±1.94) than in T1 (59.39±1.20). Nitrogen retention (g/d) was comparable in T1(2.91±0.38) and T2 (2.33±0.3l). Digestible crude protein (DCP) intake (g/d) and total digestible
 
2
Proc. XI Animal Nutrition Conference, Jabalpur, 2004
nutrient (TDN) intake in T1 (35.5±1.98 and 486.0±9.53) and T2 (34.0±2.98 and 479.0±6.15) werecomparable. Thus the nutrient utilization by the sheep and goat fed masoor straw with 100gconcentrate mixture was comparable.
003Nutritive value of guar
(Cyamopsis tetragonoloba)
straw for sheep
- D.L. Verma, RaghavendraBhatta, N.P. Singh and S. Vaithiyanathan,
 Division of Animal Nutrition Central Sheep and Wool Research Institute, Avikanagar via Jaipur - 304 501
A study was conducted to determine the feed intake and nutrient digestibility of GuarStraw in sheep. Six Malpura rams, on an average, weighing 33 kg were randomly selected from theInstitute flock and housed in individual feeding pens (3’x4'). They were offered
ad lib.
chaffedGuar Straw for a period of 30 days. Free choice clean drinking water was provided twice a day. Ametabolism trial was conducted for 10 days duration, the first 5 days as the adjustment period andthe second 5 days as the collection period, after 20 days of preliminary feeding. Initial and finalbody weights and daily feed offer, feed residue, faecal out put and urine excretion of all the ramswere recorded. The Guar Straw contained 6.79% Crude Protein, 57.70% Neutral Detergent Fibre,47.17% Acid Detergent Fibre, 38.26% Cellulose and 7.87% Acid Detergent Lignin on dry matterbasis. The dry matter intake of the rams was 1497±0.03 g/head/day or 41.2±1.42 g/kg body weightor 101.2±3.13 g/kg
0.75
. The digestibility coefficients (%) of Dry matter, Crude Protein, NeutralDetergent Fibre, Acid Detergent Fibre and Cellulose were found to be 50.95±1.00, 49.64±1.02,42.08±1.26, 45.22±1.69 and 55.94±1.50, respectively. The intake, excretion in faeces, excretion inurine and retention of nitrogen worked out to 16.32, 8.19, 2.52 and 5.61 g/head/day respectively.The initial and final body weights of the rams were recorded as 32.7±0.68 and 40.3±0.59 kg. It wasconcluded that the Guar Straw can serve as a good maintenance fodder for sheep when fed assole feed.
004Effect of feeding tree leaves as supplements on nutrient digestion and rumen fermentationpattern in sheep grazing on semi-arid rangeland
- Raghavendra Bhatta
1
, S. Vaithiyanathan, N.P.Singh, A.K. Shinde and D.L. Verma,
 Division of Animal Nutrition Central Sheep and Wool Research Institute, Avikanagar via Jaipur - 304 501
A study was carried out to determine the effect of feeding different tree leaves as supplements onnutrient digestion, rumen fermentation and blood profile of sheep grazing on a semi-arid rangeland.Thirty Malpura rams of uniform body weight and age were divided into five groups of six each.They were grazed as a single flock from 08.00 to 17.00 h on the available rangeland for 60 days.The first group (G1), not provided any supplementation, served as the Control. The secondgroup (G2) was supplemented with 200 g/h/d conventional concentrate mixture. The third, fourth
1
Corresponding author : Present address: National Institute of Animal Nutrition and Physiology, Adugodi, Bangalore 560030, Karnataka, E-mail: ragha0209@epatra.com
 
Proc. XI Animal Nutrition Conference, Jabalpur, 2004
3and fifth groups (G3, G4 and G5) were provided with 200g DM through freshly lopped foliage of 
Prosopis cineraria, Acacia nilotica and Albezia lebbek 
trees respectively. The foliage from
P.cineraria
contained 133.4g kg
1
DM condensed tannins (CT) with protein precipitating capacity(PPC) of 66 g kg
-1
DM.
 A. nilotica
contained 18.9 g kg
-1
DM hydrolysable tannins (HT) with PPCof 11.5 g kg
-1
DM. However, A
lebbek 
didn’t contain any tannins. The protein content of the threetree leaves was 119, 139 and 194 g kg
-1
DM, respectively. The DMI (g d
-1
) was 688, 916, 1024, 1003and 999 in G1, G2, G3, G4 and G5, respectively. Digestible crude protein (DCP) and metabolizableenergy (ME) intakes in the supplemented groups (G2 to G5) were higher (P<0.05) than those in theControl group (G1). Supplementation with concentrate mixture and tree leaves improved DMdigestibility. CP digestibility was lower (P<0.05) in G3 compared to G2, G4 and G5. Rumenfermentation study conducted six hours after supplementa-tion revealed that the total N,ammonia N and total volatile fatty acid (TVFA) levels were lower (P<0.05) in G3 compared to othersupplemented groups. Although the hemoglobin (Hb) levels were similar in all the groups, bloodurea N (BUN) was lower in G3 compared to other groups. The animals lost body weight in Controlgroup and maintained in all the supplemented groups. It was concluded that supplementationwith tree leaves containing CT like
P. cineraria
improved rumen fermentation pattern bypreventing excessive loss of nitrogen and the tree leaves can be best utilized as supplementsrather than as sole feed in sheep ration.
005Effect of different levels of feed intake on utilization of nutrients in crossbred calves
- P. Singh,A.K. Verma, D.S. Sahu, and U.R. Mehra,
 Animal Nutrition Division, Indian Veterinary Research Institute,Izatnagar-243 122, (U.P.)
Twenty growing crossbred calves (mean body wt.149.0±3.94 kg) were randomly dividedinto 4 groups 5 in each following randomized block design. To assess the voluntary dry matterintake (VDMI) during preliminary feeding period, all the animals were fed concentrate mixture andwheat straw
ad libitum.
The lowest DMI amongst all animals fed
ad libitum
was defined as‘VDMI’. The animals were fed at four fixed levels. The highest level of DMI was 95% of VDMI(group I) as determined in preliminary period of feeding the other 3 levels were 80% (group 2),60% (group 3) and 40% (group 4) of the VDMI. The experimental feeding was continued for amonth followed by a metabolism trial. Representative samples of feeds, faeces and urine weresuitably preserved for analysis. The dry matter intake through concentrate (crushed maize 33,deoiled-soya meal 32, wheat bran 32, min. mix. 2 and common salt 1 part) and roughage (wheatstraw) was 40 : 60. The DMI (kg/d) ranged from 1.62 (group 4) to 4.06 (group 1) and CP intake (g/ d) varied from 177 to 442 among 4 groups. The intake of DM, OM, CP, EE, NDF, ADF andhemi-cellulose (g/d or g/kg W
0.75
) was also significantly (P<0.05) different among 4 groups asenvisaged. The digestibility of DM in groups 1, 2, 3 and 4 was 59.9, 61.7, 64.6 and 30.4 %,

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