23. Absence of archaeological or textual evidence from non-biblical sources place questionmarks on the very existence of David and Solomon and their empires.
According to a report that quoted Professor Zeev Herzog, a veteran Israeli archaeologist, thescholarly community was almost entirely in agreement on the dubious historicity of the earlypart of the Bible. "It's difficult for the public to accept this," he wrote, "but it is clear to scholarsthat the Israelites did not dwell in Egypt, that they didn't wander the desert, that they didn'tconquer the Holy Land and divide it among 12 tribes, and that the kingdom under David andSolomon, described in the Bible as a regional power, was at most a small tribal kingdom."5. Some of the cities referred to as assaulted in 12th century BCE probably did not exist thenand it appears that the description of Jericho as surrounded by wall is only an imagination.In the light of these revelations of archaeologists the biblical story denuded of the humbugsocio-political commentary and history of the near east may yield for us at least a few naturalor astronomical myths of the 10
century BC when David and Solomon were supposed tohave their reign.
2. Astronomy in Ancient Myths
Over the last few decades, a number of works
have appeared that tend to explain the origin andcontents of many myths and legends as representing some of the ancient astronomicalobservations. Researchers such as Dr. Edwin C. Krupp
have suggested allegorical incorporation of celestial entities like the sun, moon, planets, and the
constellations in the ancient myths of Hercules,Gilgimesh Mithra, and many others. Esoteric contents, social religion and the nature worshipinherent in the Biblical compilation of myths make it a daunting task to decipher the astronomicalelement. Recent studies
, on the Bible against the backdrop of the Dead Sea scrolls and other archaeological findings tend to establish Jesus as a historical personality, a philosopher of theEssenes Sect and political revolutionary. An archaeological finding have given no corroboration of the tradition of Twelve Apostles and was probably a future incorporation much like the motifs of Virgin, the star of Bethlehem, and the symbolism of the zodiacal sign of Pisces in the portrayal of Jesus. Scholars have credited the Biblical narrative with zodiacal symbolism as early as 1795
when Dupuis termed it as the story of Sun and the 12 zodiac signs and also explored the
Giorgio de Santillana and Hertha von Dechend, Hamlet's Mill, Boston: Gambit Inc., 1969:
The Flood From Heaven: Deciphering the Atlantis Legend
, Great Britain:Sidgwick & Jackson Limited 1992.
Harald A. T. Reiche, "The Language of Archaic Astronomy: A Clue to the Atlantis Myth?"
, Vol. 80, Number 2, December 1977, pp. 84-100. Reprinted in
Astronomy of The Ancients
, edited by Brecher and Feirtag (Cambridge, MA: M.I.T. Press 1979). Second edition
Dr. Edwin C. Krupp,
Beyond The Blue Horizon: Myths and Legends of the Sun, Moon, Stars, and Planets
, New York: HarperCollins 1991, pp. 124-148
The Historical Jesus: The Life of A Mediterranean Jewish Peasant
, (New York:Harper, San Francisco 1991).
Jesus: A Revolutionary Biography
, (New York: Harper Collins1994), p. 108.
Charles François Dupuis,
Origine de tous les Cultus
, (Paris 1795)