State Legislation.State Disability Program created as
Temporary Disability Insurance (TDI)
,with pregnancy specifically excluded.
extended to cover disability tied to “abnormal” pregnancies (normalpregnancies remain excluded).
amended to cover disabilities tied to normal pregnancies for three weeksbefore and three weeks after delivery.
Federal Pregnancy Discrimination Act
prohibits discrimination againstpregnant employees.
State Fair Employment Practices Act
amended to cover pregnancy discriminationand provide up to four months job-protected leave for pregnancy-relateddisability. Small employers (with less than five employees) exempted.
program amended to repeal all provisions specifc to pregnancy, in effectentitling disabled pregnant women to the same benefts as employees with any other type of disability. (In 1979, the maximum leave under TDI was twenty-sixweeks per year; that maximum has since been increased to fifty-two weeks peryear, with medical certifcation required.)
California Family Rights Act
gives private sector employees of both genderswhose employers have fifty or more workers the right to four months job-protected family leave to care for a newborn or adopted child or a seriously illfamily member.
State Fair Employment and Housing Act
amended to require employers withfive or more employees to provide job-protected leave of up to four months foremployees disabled by pregnancy.
Federal Family and Medical Leave Act
gives all public sector employees,and private sector employees of both genders whose employers have fifty ormore workers, the right to twelve weeks of job-protected unpaid family ormedical leave.
legislation requires that employers who provide paid sick leave mustpermit employees to use up to 50% of annual allotment to care for a sick child,parent, or spouse.
(formerly TDI) amended to provide Paid Family Leave of up to six weeksper year for bonding with a newborn, adopted, or foster child or for caring fora seriously ill family member.
194619731976effective 197719781978effective 197919791991effective 1992199219931999effective 20002002effective 2004
Highlights of Legislative History onFamily and Medical Leave in California, 1946–2004