B.ARCH-V YR-IX SEM
IMPLICATION OF WARDIMPLICATION OF WARD--2 DEVELOPMENT2 DEVELOPMENT
of a city is what makes it, in many ways, a good or bad place to live and work. It's the physical or structural part of the city.These things include its transportation systems, sewage system, utility systems , and its buildings. If a city's infrastructure is old and in decay, thismakes these important systems unsafe, unattractive, or unreliable, and so that city is not such a great place to live anymore. Fewer people will want tomove to such a place to live and work. Also, fewer businesses will want to open offices and factories in a city with a deteriorating infrastructure, sothere will be fewer jobs for the people who live there.
This section deals with the analysis of current situation of watersupply, its problems, key issues and the likely scenario of water supplywith respect to water demand, resources, system requirements and relatedaspects.Pipedwater supply was first introduced in Haridwarin 1927 witha tubewellat Tiwadi, which is now lying defunct. Since then the town hasexpanded significantly and the water supply system has been augmented andreorganized in manifolds. The water supply of Haridwaris operated andmaintained by UJS, an institution working under Department of DrinkingWater, Uttaranchal PeyJalNigam (UPJN), also working under Department ofDrinking Water, carries out large capital works and overall planning.Although a municipal function, the HaridwarNagar PalikaParishad(NPP)is not involved in the planning, design, construction,operation, maintenance and service delivery of this important urbanservice.
A storm water drainage system exists in the town. Drains are mostly puccaandopen. In some slums drains are damaged and in many localities clogged, as theseare not cleaned regularly. Street side drains are not continuous and broken atsome places. It has been noticed that water logging is not a major problem butsome localities remain under water for long (at least 1 week in a year). Most ofthe affected families are from PBL ouseholds, but they do not suffer any majordamage due to flooding and water logging.
Approach Road and Street Light Approach Road and Street Light
Ten percent of slum dwellers do not have paved approach road. Most of othercolonies have proper approach road. Streets are in bad condition in the slumsand street lights are inadequate and many are not well maintained. Light bulbs arenon-functional often.
Municipal Services Municipal Services
It was found that in all income groups about 56 % of the families have rated theoverall municipal services as fair. Solid waste services are rated as bad. Watersupply, roads and street light and access to public transport services are ratedas fair. Rest of the services is ranked as average. Services of sanitation andsolid waste collection have been ranked as bad. It indicates that in slums theseservices are poor.Theresidents¶ priorities are water supply, SWM, streetcleaning, sanitation and drainage in the descending order.
Social CapitalSocial Capital
Membership of local group is low. Membership of Residents or community welfareassociation is highest (7%) among the high income group, followed by lower middle(2.4%) and BPL population (1.9%). It is felt that if community groups arereorganized and empowered they could probably be able to take active part inplanning and decision making. More than 91 % in each income group have rationcard. But only 86.4 % of the BPL hold such card.
Sewerage and SanitationCoverage of Sewerage Network
Sewerage system was introduced in Haridwar in 1938. Since then it hasbeen extended to various parts of the town. At present, more than 80% ofthe population is covered with sewerage system. The soil here isgenerally sand mixed with boulders and rocks. Based on the topography ofthe town and the need of STP¶s, city is divided into 3 sewerage zones:
Zone I: Bhopatwala zone (lies on the northern side of Haridwar).Zone II: Haridwar, New Haridwar and Kankhal.Zone III: Jwalapur ZoneInteraction of Communities with the Tourism Industry
Through the process of gradual growth and development over the years, Haridwar has come up as one of the most popular and famouspilgrim centers of theHindus of India. Development of communication and transportation network with most parts of the country has been one of the mainattributes for its growthand development as a famous religious centre.
The quality of water from the sources is quite good and does not needsedimentation or filtration. As such, it is directly pumped to thedistribution system .after disinfection by liquid sodium hypo chloride orgaseous chlorine.
Distribution System Distribution System
For ease of operation and rational distribution of water, Haridwartownhas been. divided into six water supply zones on the basis of area,population, nature of requirement and ground elevations.
Urban Poverty Reduction
The vision of citizens from poverty pockets is as follows:³A clean, beautiful and fully developed city with all facilities and universalaccess to affordable housing´.