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haridwar

haridwar

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Published by: saketshukl on Jan 10, 2011
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12/02/2012

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Comparison of 1985 and 2001 Land use
Analysis study of Sectors
The holy city of Haridwar aspires to be
³A City of Hope, Faith and Spirituality.´
Haridwar willdevelop into an international destination of pilgrimage and tourism, in keeping with its rich culturalheritage, pristine surroundings and strategic location on the pilgrimage route. And will emerge as a fastgrowing urban centre led by economic development.
In a city like Haridwar that regularly experiences a large flow of floating population, the concept of µcommunity¶ that can be seen in a settled population, is virtually absent. In those areas where the city has settledlocalities, participation mechanisms can surely be identified and developed
 ENTERING INTO THE STREET
Features on the buildings:Place needing carryfing design element:Since there in commercial as well as pilgrim area so requires advertisment and theadvertisement boards are placed generally on every building in a randommanner.So,these boards shall be clarified and shall be IMPACT OF OLDBUILDINGS OVER NEW BUILDINGS :-They failed to maintained the vernacular of that area.Distortion in elements of  buildings,variation of typology creating uneven skyline and non-uniformtexture.conversion of residential area ans streets behind commercial area intocommercial use leading severe problems of parking and congestion.
CONCLUSION:
The whole area is the combination of new and old historic structures.Street serve as residential as well as commercial purposes.The roads of that area becomenarrowe.The street is increasing out of proportion out habit of polluting through vehicles is demonstrating our elegance.Crowding and intermixing of activties causingfunctional problems.Lack of space for parking ,loading and unloading and storage facilities,Integration of old structures with new one so as to spoil the old beauty,nodustbin from all of ghats,no information centre,break the harmony of structures ,uneven rhythm,collection of waste is not proper,bye laws are not followed properly.
Pictures showing ransformation of built form at Har-ki-Pauri
 ENTERING INTO THERAILWAY STATION
Activity and parking characteristics of  bazaar:Activity-commercial on groung floor like jewelleries,gems,food,toyshops,food,,tea stall.churan .garmentshops and on FIRST FLOOR there ishotels ,residential,as well as shops for food,gems,ashrams etc..,
SKYLINE
 ² 
The building lines are fairlyregular and continous,therespecting the street pattern. But some new modern building likeBIKANO ,SHOPPING COMPLEXHAVING,DIFFERENT ULTRA MODERNLOOK FACADE STRUCTURES HAVINGACP CLADDING,CURTAIN WALLS act asa hindrance which breaks the otherwiseexisting uniformly and there by slightingaltering the character.
Sketch showing temporaryshopsforparshads,sinddor,fooldona,gems.etc., START OF WARD-2 BHIMKHODAStreet viewshowing
JANKALYANASHRAM
This is the area which is vacant or Having no construction.if we foundA new construction that this area is sui
 
t-ed for new construction.
ANKIT GARG,KAPIL,MUNIDEV,NAGENDRA,SAKET,SHYA
B.ARCH-V YR-IX SEM
IMPLICATION OF WARDIMPLICATION OF WARD--2 DEVELOPMENT2 DEVELOPMENT
INTRODUCTION««««««««««.
11
 
ANKIT GARG,KAPIL,MUNIDEV,NAGENDRA,SAKET,SHYA
B.ARCH-V YR-IX SEM
IMPLICATION OF WARDIMPLICATION OF WARD--2 DEVELOPMENT2 DEVELOPMENT
The
infrastructure
of a city is what makes it, in many ways, a good or bad place to live and work. It's the physical or structural part of the city.These things include its transportation systems, sewage system, utility systems , and its buildings. If a city's infrastructure is old and in decay, thismakes these important systems unsafe, unattractive, or unreliable, and so that city is not such a great place to live anymore. Fewer people will want tomove to such a place to live and work. Also, fewer businesses will want to open offices and factories in a city with a deteriorating infrastructure, sothere will be fewer jobs for the people who live there.
infrastructure
Phy
sical
 
infrastructure
W
ater 
,
road
,
etcSocial
 
infrastructureGreen
 
area
,
clubs
,
social
 
activit
y
E
conomic
E
conomicBaseBaseofofCityCity
Haridwar
isthehubofreligioustourismintheStateofUttaranchal.Amongseveralreligioustouristdestinations,Haridwarattractslargestnumberofvisitors,theimpactofwhichontheservicesectorisquitesignificant,particularlyinthesmalltrade,hotelbusiness,transportandsuchotheractivities.HaridwarisalsogrowingastheindustrialhuboftheState.ThepublicsectorunitBHEL,althoughhavingitsowncolonyof43,000persons,hasindirectimpactontheeconomyofthetown.Besides,anumberofmediumandlargescaleindustrialunitsarealreadyoperatingwithinandinthefringeareasofthetownandmanyothersareintheoffing.AnIntegratedIndustrialEstateisalsooperationalinthearea.Nodataasedassessmentoftheeconomicbaseofthecityispossibleas,essentialtown-wiseeconomicinformationisnotreadilyavailable.Thisissubstantiatedbythefactthatinmostoftheyearssince1996-97,tertiarysector¶scontributiontotheNSDPofUttaranchalwasthehighest(43%in2003-04),andthatofthesecondarysectorthelowest.Withthegrowthoftouristpopulation,whichhasalreadyrecordedas7.5million(2005),thetertiarysectorwillcontinuetogrow,particularlytheactivitiesliketransportandstorage,communication;trade,hotelandrestaurant;realestateandbusservices.Besidesbeingatouristhub,Haridwar,inrelativeterms,isthemostindustrializedareaofUttarAnchal.Largeinvestmentsinindustrieswhichareexpectedtobemadeinthecomingyears.
 W 
ater Supply
 W 
ater Supply
This section deals with the analysis of current situation of watersupply, its problems, key issues and the likely scenario of water supplywith respect to water demand, resources, system requirements and relatedaspects.Pipedwater supply was first introduced in Haridwarin 1927 witha tubewellat Tiwadi, which is now lying defunct. Since then the town hasexpanded significantly and the water supply system has been augmented andreorganized in manifolds. The water supply of Haridwaris operated andmaintained by UJS, an institution working under Department of DrinkingWater, Uttaranchal PeyJalNigam (UPJN), also working under Department ofDrinking Water, carries out large capital works and overall planning.Although a municipal function, the HaridwarNagar PalikaParishad(NPP)is not involved in the planning, design, construction,operation, maintenance and service delivery of this important urbanservice.
Storm 
 W 
ater DrainageStorm 
 W 
ater Drainage
A storm water drainage system exists in the town. Drains are mostly puccaandopen. In some slums drains are damaged and in many localities clogged, as theseare not cleaned regularly. Street side drains are not continuous and broken atsome places. It has been noticed that water logging is not a major problem butsome localities remain under water for long (at least 1 week in a year). Most ofthe affected families are from PBL ouseholds, but they do not suffer any majordamage due to flooding and water logging.
 Approach Road and Street Light Approach Road and Street Light
Ten percent of slum dwellers do not have paved approach road. Most of othercolonies have proper approach road. Streets are in bad condition in the slumsand street lights are inadequate and many are not well maintained. Light bulbs arenon-functional often.
 Municipal Services Municipal Services
It was found that in all income groups about 56 % of the families have rated theoverall municipal services as fair. Solid waste services are rated as bad. Watersupply, roads and street light and access to public transport services are ratedas fair. Rest of the services is ranked as average. Services of sanitation andsolid waste collection have been ranked as bad. It indicates that in slums theseservices are poor.Theresidents¶ priorities are water supply, SWM, streetcleaning, sanitation and drainage in the descending order.
Social CapitalSocial Capital
Membership of local group is low. Membership of Residents or community welfareassociation is highest (7%) among the high income group, followed by lower middle(2.4%) and BPL population (1.9%). It is felt that if community groups arereorganized and empowered they could probably be able to take active part inplanning and decision making. More than 91 % in each income group have rationcard. But only 86.4 % of the BPL hold such card.
Sewerage and SanitationCoverage of Sewerage Network
Sewerage system was introduced in Haridwar in 1938. Since then it hasbeen extended to various parts of the town. At present, more than 80% ofthe population is covered with sewerage system. The soil here isgenerally sand mixed with boulders and rocks. Based on the topography ofthe town and the need of STP¶s, city is divided into 3 sewerage zones:
Zone I: Bhopatwala zone (lies on the northern side of Haridwar).Zone II: Haridwar, New Haridwar and Kankhal.Zone III: Jwalapur ZoneInteraction of Communities with the Tourism Industry
Through the process of gradual growth and development over the years, Haridwar has come up as one of the most popular and famouspilgrim centers of theHindus of India. Development of communication and transportation network with most parts of the country has been one of the mainattributes for its growthand development as a famous religious centre.
Treatment of
 W 
aterTreatment of
 W 
ater
The quality of water from the sources is quite good and does not needsedimentation or filtration. As such, it is directly pumped to thedistribution system .after disinfection by liquid sodium hypo chloride orgaseous chlorine.
Distribution System Distribution System 
For ease of operation and rational distribution of water, Haridwartownhas been. divided into six water supply zones on the basis of area,population, nature of requirement and ground elevations.
Urban Poverty Reduction
Vision
The vision of citizens from poverty pockets is as follows:³A clean, beautiful and fully developed city with all facilities and universalaccess to affordable housing´.
INFRA
S
TRUCTURE««««««««««.
22
 
ANKIT GARG,KAPIL,MUNIDEV,NAGENDRA,SAKET,SHYA
B.ARCH-V YR-IX SEM
IMPLICATION OF WARDIMPLICATION OF WARD--2 DEVELOPMENT2 DEVELOPMENT
HI
S
TORICAL PER
S
PECTIVE AND ECONOMIC
G
ROWTH««««««««««.
Anold,venerablesadhu(hermit)hadreturnedtohisvillageafteradecadeoftapasya(penance)inthesacred'devabhoomi'intheHimalayas.Intheevenings,villagefolkswouldgatheraroundhimtohearhimspeak.Wheneverthesadhuwasaskedtodescribethedevabhoomi,orwhenonewantedtogoonatirthyatra(pilgrimage)tothedevabhoomiandsoughtdirections,thesadhuwouldsay,
'
Jahanaayebhaktimeinjwar|
ohibhoomihaiHaridwar|
(WhereveronefeelsarushofdevotionforGod,thatlandisnoneotherthanHaridwar)TheshortanecdotebringsoutthespiritoftheancientcityofHaridwar.ThecityisassociatedastheGatewaytobothLordShivaandLordVishnu,asµHardwarandµHaridwarespectively.HaridwarisalsorightfullycalledµGangadwar¶,astheholyriverGangawhichflowsdowntheHimalayas,enterstheplainsatHaridwarandspreadsoverthenorthernplains.ItisamongthesevensacredcitiesofHinducultureinIndia.HardiwarisalsooneofthefourvenuesinthecountryfortheKumbhMelaandArdhKumbhMela,heldeverytwelveandsixyearsrespectively.Haridwarisknownforitstemples,bathingghatsandtanks.Essentiallyareligiouscentre,Haridwarisalsoknownasacentreofherbalmedicine,andtraditionalstudiesatGurukulKangriandtoday,HaridwarisabustlingurbancentreofthenewstateofUttarakhand.HaridwarstandsasthegatewaytothefourpilgrimagesofUttarakhand.Pilgrimsstarttheirjourneytofoursignificantpilgrimagecentres±Badrinath,Kedarnath,GangotriandYamunotri,fromHaridwaraftertakingtheholydipintheGangaatthemostreveredlocation,BrahmkundatHar-Ki-Pauri.Haridwar is situated at an altitude of above 300 meters above sea level. On the left side of the town is Chandi devi hill on which a temple dedicated toGoddess Chandi is situated; on the right is Mansa Devi temple. Geologically, Shivaliks are separated by the Himalayas by a continuous reverse fault andfall in three main divisions, the upper Shivalik, middle Shivalik and the lower Shivalik.
Location Vegetation
Dense green forests are located in the north and east of Haridwar town, most of it falling in Rajaji National Park. The ShivalikHills to the northeast arealso wooded and so is the Chandl Hill, which is a part of Chilla Range.The principal vegetation types can be classified as moisttropical forests locatedin a few places in Shivaliks and dry mixed deciduous forest. They consist of Sal, Sissoo, Ber, Kadam, Amaltas, Harsingar etc.Bamboo forests are mainlyfound along the riverbanks, and on the slopes of Siwalik Hills. The scrub forests have thorny bushes like: Kathber, Karaunda,Bell, Dhak and stunted Khair.
Demographic ProfileOccupation by AgeList of Major Slums in Haridwar
C O N C E N T R A T I O N O FP O V E R T Y P O C K E T S
Solid 
 W 
aste ManagementApproach Road and Street Light
E
conomic Development Strategy
The city economic development strategy may include: Acquire and develop land for creating industrial estates, for meeting thedemand of individual industries, and for housing complexes in tune with thePhysical Growth Initiatives and zoning control Provide for uninterrupted power supply Install an earth station at Haridwar Promote public-private partnership in the development of infrastructure
Economic Development
 
rom the city vision, it is clear that Haridwar will emerge as a unique city withrapid economic growth and promotion of pilgrimage by restoring its cultural heritage
¡ 
 
HaridwarissituatedalongDelhi-NitiPass(DNRoad)whichstartsfromDelhiandpassesthroughMeerut,Muzzafarnagar,Roorkee,HaridwarandgoestillIndia-TibetBoundary
¢ 
ThetownofHaridwargrewbetweentheShivalikMountainRangeintheNorthandNortheastandGangaRiverintheSouth
¢ 
Haridwaroccupiesapositionoflatitude29
°
58'intheNorthtolongitude78
°
10'intheEast.
33

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