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VC-1From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected fromVC1)Jump to: navigation, search
is the informal name of theSMPTE421Mvideo codecstandard initially developed byMicrosoft. It was released onApril 3, 2006  by SMPTE. It is now a supported standard for HD DVDs, Blu-ray Discs,and Windows Media Video9.
[edit] Format
VC-1 is an evolution of the conventionalDCT-based video codec design also found in H.261,H.263, MPEG-1,MPEG-2,and MPEG-4 Part 2.It is widely characterized as an alternative to the latestITU-Tand MPEGvideo codec standard known asH.264/MPEG-4 AVC.VC-1 contains coding tools for  interlaced  video sequences as well as progressive encoding. The main goal of VC-1 development and standardizationis to support the compression of interlaced content without first converting it to progressive, making it moreattractive to broadcast and video industry professionals.Although widely considered to be Microsoft’s product, there are actually 15 companies in the VC-1 patent pool (as of  August 17,2006). As an SMPTE standard, VC-1 is open to implementation by anyone, although implementers are hypothetically required to pay licensing fees to theMPEG LA,LLC licensing body or  directly to its members, who claim to hold essential patents on the format (since it is a non-exclusivelicensing body).
BothHD DVD andBlu-ray Disc have adopted VC-1 as a mandatory video standard, meaning their video  playback devices will be capable of decoding and playing video-content compressed using VC-1.WindowsVista  partially supports HD DVD playback by including the VC-1 decoder and some related componentsneeded for playback of VC-1 encoded HD DVD movies.
Microsoft has designated VC-1 as the Xbox 360 video game console’s official video codec, and game developers may use VC-1 for  full motion video included with games. By means of anOctober 31, 2006
update, people can now play all formats of Windows Media Video on the Xbox 360 from a disc, USBstorage device, or streaming from their PC via Windows Media Connect/Windows Media Player 11. Thisallows anyone to play VC-1 encoded files on the console.TheFFmpeg  project includes afree VC-1 decoder.
[edit] Microsoft codec implementations
The VC-1 codec specification has so far been implemented by Microsoft in the form of 3 codecs, eachidentified with a uniqueFourCCcode.
[edit] WMV3
Simple and Main Profiles of VC-1 remained completely faithful to the existing WMV3 implementation,making WMV3 bitstreams fully VC-1 compliant. The WMV3 codec was designed to primarily support progressive encoding for computer displays. An interlaced encoding mode was implemented, but quickly became deprecated when Microsoft started implementing WMV Advanced Profile. Whereas WMV3 progressive encoding was implemented in the YUV 4:2:0color space, the deprecated interlaced mode was implemented in the less commonYUV 4:1:1 color space. The Windows Media Video 9 (WMV3) codec implements the Simple and Main modes of the VC-1 codecstandard, providing high-quality video for streaming and downloading. "It provides support for a widerange of bit rates, from high-definition content at one-half to one-third the bit rate of MPEG-2, to low-bit-rate Internet video delivered over a dial-up modem. This codec also supports professional-qualitydownloadable video with two-pass and variable bit rate (VBR) encoding. Windows Media Video 9 isalready supported by a wide variety of players and devices."
A number of high definition movies and videos have been released commercially in a format dubbed WMVHD.These titles are encoded with WMV3 Main Profile @ High Level (MP@HL).
[edit] WMVA
WMVA was the original implementation of WMV Advanced Profile prior to the acceptance of the VC-1draft by SMPTE. The codec was distributed with Windows Media Player  10 and Windows Media Format SDK 9.5 install packages. There are slight bitstream differences between WMVA and WVC1, soconsequently WMVA is handled by a differentDirectShowdecoder than WVC1. Some 3rd party hardwareand software decoders only decode WMVA based content. As of 2006, WMVA is considered a deprecatedcodec because it is not fully VC-1 compliant.
[edit] WVC1
WVC1, also known as Windows Media Video 9 Advanced Profile, implements a more recent and fullycompliant Advanced Profile of the VC-1 codec standard. It offers support for interlaced content and istransport independent. With the previous version of the Windows Media Video 9 Series codec, users coulddeliver progressive content at data rates as low as one-third that of the MPEG-2 codec and still getequivalent or comparable quality to MPEG-2. The Windows Media Video 9 Advanced Profile codec alsooffers this same improvement in encoding efficiency with interlaced contents. A decoder for WVC1 isincluded in Windows Media Player 11,which is bundled with Windows Vista and is available as a download for Windows XP.
[edit] Profiles
SimpleMainAdvancedBaseline intra frame compression
Variable-sized transform
16-bit transform
Overlapped transform
4 motion vector per macroblock 
¼ pixel luminance motion compensation
¼ pixel chrominance motion compensation
Start codes
Extended motion vectors
Loop filter
Dynamic resolution change
Adaptive macroblock quantisation
B frames
Intensity compensation
Range adjustment
Field and frame coding modes
GOP Layer
Display metadata
SimpleMainAdvanced[edit] Bit ratesand resolutions ProfileLevelMaximum Bit RateResolutions by FramerateSimple
Low96 kbit/s176 x 144 / 15 (QCIF)Medium384 kbit/s240 x 176 / 30352 x 288 / 15 (CIF)
Low2 Mbit/s320 x 240 / 24 (QVGA)Medium10 Mbit/s720 x 480 / 30 (480p)720 x 576 / 25 (576p)High20 Mbit/s1920 x 1080 / 30 (1080p)
L02 Mbit/s352 x 288 / 30 (CIF)L110 Mbit/s720 x 480 / 30 (NTSC-SD)720 x 576 / 25 (PAL-SD)L220 Mbit/s720 x 480 / 60 (480p)1280 x 720 / 30 (720p)L345 Mbit/s1920 x 1080 / 24 (1080p)1920 x 1080 / 30 (1080i)1280 x 720 / 60 (720p)L4135 Mbit/s1920 x 1080 / 60 (1080p)2048 x 1536 / 24
[edit] Other implementations

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