Rural Advancement Foundation International
- Microbial BioPiracy
International Office: Suite 504 - 71 Bank St., Ottawa, Ontario K1P 5N2, CANADA, Tel: 613-567-6880 Fax: 613-567-6884 E-Mail: email@example.comRAFI-USA: P.O. Box 655, Pittsboro, North Carolina 27312, USA, Tel: 919-542-1396 Fax: 919-542-0069 E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.orgRAFI-AUSTRALIA: 4 Ocean Parade, Cooee Bay, Queensland 4703 AUSTRALIA E-Mail: email@example.com
Culture Collection (ATCC) in Rockville, Maryland, USA. The biomaterials described in theattached lists are all held in the ATCC, which is an official repository for living material underpatent claim under the terms of the Budapest Treaty. Not all of the material listed is under patentclaim.It should be noted that the ATCC is the largest of 26 facilities in 14 countries that are registeredwith the Budapest Treaty, 23 of the 26 collections are in the North.
Budapest Treaty Repositories forMicrobiological Materials
- United Kingdom- Russian Federation- United States- Japan- Germany- France- Netherlands- Belgium- Spain- Bulgaria- Czech Republic- Slovakia- Hungary- Australia73211111111111
- Korea (Republic of)3Total 26
RAFI has found the ATCC Info-base to be only roughly indicative of the material held fromcountries in the South. Sometimes regional, provincial, or colonial names are given rather thanproper country names, and much of the material is not identified by country at all. The currentstatus of patent claims is often not given, or is inaccurate.
It is clear, however, that corporate interpretations of the Biodiversity Convention mean that all of the material on the attached lists is the legal property of the depositor and not of the donor country. In fact, the donor country, according to the Convention, is obliged to respect the rights of the depositor. Under the GATT TRIPS Agreement, all signatory states are obliged to adopt patent legislation covering micro-organisms.
RAFI will be updating these tables periodically, and adding new countries to the list. On request,RAFI will produce a similar table from the ATCC data for any country in Africa, Asia, or LatinAmerica.