Muscle structure and Functions of the muscular system
In this assignment I will look at the structure of the muscular system andthe functions of it.There are 3 types of muscles which are:
Cardiac muscleSkeletal muscles are the
muscles that move and support the skeleton. Theymake up fifty percent of your body weight. There are 640 individuallynamed skeletal muscles. A skeletal muscle links two bones across itsconnecting joint. When these muscles contract or shorten, your bone moves.This type of muscle is a voluntary muscle which means it is under consciouscontrol.Smooth Muscle: This is an involuntary muscle that is moved with outthinking about the movement, These muscles work by functioning under thecontrol of the nervous system which is located in the walls of the digestivesystem and blood vessels.Cardiac Muscle: This muscle is found in the wall of the heart. It workscontinuously. This muscle is involuntary, which means it is not under conscious control. This muscle is made up of it’s own tissue which has it’sown blood supply.Function of the muscular systemMuscle must cross the joint they move. When a muscle contracts it exerts a pulling force on the bone s causing them to move together around a joint.In normal circumstances, muscles are in a state of partial contraction, readyto react to a stimulus from the nervous system, but without this muscle tone,the body would collapse and when a stimulus from the nerve supply occurs,muscle fibres work an all or nothing basis .The strength of muscle contraction in response to the stimulus depends onthe number of muscle fibres brought into use, a process known as musclefibre recruitment . During exercise the muscles of an individual uses energyat a rate that is directly proportional to the intensity of the exercise . If theenergy does not get replaced as it gets used up, the muscles are unable tomaintain their work rate and you have to reduce the intensity of the activityor stop it.