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KULIAH 4 - DISAGREGASI

KULIAH 4 - DISAGREGASI

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Published by Adha Ilhami
Materi 4
Materi 4

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Published by: Adha Ilhami on Jan 12, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/13/2013

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10/14/20101
PERENCANAAN AGREGAT(DISAGREGASI)
Kuliah4LSiProFT UntirtaMuhammad AdhaIlhami
Muhammad Adha Ilhami
TujuanPembelajaran
Mahasiswamampumenggunakanteknikdisagregasi
MahasiswamampumenyusunMasterProduction Schedule (MPS) atauJadwalIndukProduksi(JIP).
Muhammad Adha Ilhami
DefinisiKapasitas
the rate of output from an OM system per unitof time
the rate at which the firm withdraws workfrom the system
Jumlahmasukansumberdaya-sumberdayayang tersediarelatifuntukkebutuhankeluaranpadawaktutertentu.
Satuanunit : jumlah/waktuatauwaktu/unit
Muhammad Adha Ilhami
DefinisiKapasitasProduksi
In general, production capacity is the maximumproduction rate of an organization (or maximumconversion rate of a production system) in anygiven period.
Sustainable practical capacity is the greatest levelof output that a plant can maintain:
within the framework of a realistic workschedule
taking account of normal downtime
assuming sufficient availability of inputs tooperate the machinery and equipment in place
Muhammad Adha Ilhami
 
10/14/20102
DefinisiMacam-MacamKapasitas(1)
Design Capacity : tingkatkeluaranper satuanuntukmanapabrikdirancang.
Rated Capacity ; tingkatkeluaranper satuanwaktuyang menunjukkanbahwafasilitassecarateoritikmempunyaikemampuanmemproduksi.
Standard capacity : tingkatkeluaranper satuanwaktuyang ditetapkansebagaisasaranpengoperasianbagimanajemen, supervisidanparaoperator mesin, dapatdigunakansebagaidasarbagipenyusunananggaran.
Muhammad Adha Ilhami
DefinisiMacam-MacamKapasitas(2)
Actual danatauoperating capacity : tingkatkeluaranrata-rata per satuanwaktuselamaperiodewaktuyang telahlewat= kapasitasstandar±cadangan-cadangan, penundaan,tingkatsisanyata.
Peak capacity : jumlahkeluaranper satuanwaktuyang dapatdicapaimelaluimaksimisasikeluarandengankerjalembur, menambahtenagakerja,mengurangijam istirahatdansebagainya.
Muhammad Adha Ilhami
How a plant/system is organized
Level of output of a plant or system isdependent on how it is organized
capacity in sequence: linear operations, isbased on the operation with the lowestamount of capacity
capacity in parallel:
multiple alternative operations
any machine can be used
Muhammad Adha Ilhami
Capacity in Sequence
capacity in sequence: linear operations, isbased on the operation with the lowestamount of capacity.
Contoh:
Operasi1 : 20 unit/jam
Operasi2 : 10 unit/jam
Operasi3 : 15 unit/jam
Makakapasitassistemadalah10 unit/jam
Muhammad Adha Ilhami
 
10/14/20103
Capacity in Parallel
capacity that is based on the sum of the capacities of the various machines that make up the operation.
Contoh:
Operation 3 has 4 machines
machine 1 -90 pieces per minute
machine 2 -110 pieces per minute
machine 3 -120 pieces per minute
machine 4 -80 pieces per minute
Total capacity for operation 3 = 400 pieces/min
Muhammad Adha Ilhami
DefinisiWork Center
Section of a production facilitywhere all taskassociatedwith a particular process(such asassembling, painting, welding) are performed.Sumber:http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/work-center.html#ixzz11xhyQTXS
Muhammad Adha Ilhami
 
PerhitunganPersentase(dengannilaipenjualan)
Muhammad Adha Ilhami
Periode
JanFebMarAprMeiJun
Family X(hasilforecast 2010)
200250400210450255
Data PenjualanTerdahulu(2009)PeriodeJulAguSeptOktNovDec
DemandForecast
Produk A
100.0080.0065.00180.0090.00150.00
Produk B
80.0065.0050.00100.0050.0080.00
Produk C
120.00115.0085.00120.00100.00110.00Family X
300260200400240340
PerhitunganPersentase(dengannilaipenjualan)
Muhammad Adha Ilhami
PerhitunganPersentaseProdukHargaProdukPeriodeJul Agu Sept Okt Nov Dec Total Persentase
A
100.00DemandForecast
ProdukA
10,000.00 8,000.00 6,500.00 18,000.00 9,000.00 15,000.00
66,500.00
0.27
B
200.00
ProdukB
16,000.00 13,000.00 10,000.00 20,000.00 10,000.00 16,000.00
85,000.00
0.34
C
150.00
Produk C
18,000.00 17,250.00 12,750.00 18,000.00 15,000.00 16,500.00
97,500.00
0.39Family X
44,000.00 38,250.00 29,250.00 56,000.00 34,000.00 47,500.00249,000.00
DisagregasiHasilPeramalanPeriodeJanFebMarAprMeiJun
Family X
200250400210450255
DemandForecast
Produk A53.4166.77106.8356.08120.1868.10Produk B68.2785.34136.5571.69153.6187.05Produk C78.3197.89156.6382.23176.2099.85
Example
: MPS Januari(ProdukA) = 200 x 0,27 = 53,41MPS Januari(ProdukB) = 200 x 0,34 = 68,27MPS Januari(ProdukC) = 200 x 0,39 = 78,31

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