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KULIAH 4 - DISAGREGASI

# KULIAH 4 - DISAGREGASI

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10/14/20101
PERENCANAAN AGREGAT(DISAGREGASI)
TujuanPembelajaran
Mahasiswamampumenggunakanteknikdisagregasi
DefinisiKapasitas
the rate of output from an OM system per unitof time
the rate at which the firm withdraws workfrom the system
Satuanunit : jumlah/waktuatauwaktu/unit
DefinisiKapasitasProduksi
In general, production capacity is the maximumproduction rate of an organization (or maximumconversion rate of a production system) in anygiven period.
Sustainable practical capacity is the greatest levelof output that a plant can maintain:
within the framework of a realistic workschedule
taking account of normal downtime
assuming sufficient availability of inputs tooperate the machinery and equipment in place

10/14/20102
DefinisiMacam-MacamKapasitas(1)
Design Capacity : tingkatkeluaranper satuanuntukmanapabrikdirancang.
Rated Capacity ; tingkatkeluaranper satuanwaktuyang menunjukkanbahwafasilitassecarateoritikmempunyaikemampuanmemproduksi.
Standard capacity : tingkatkeluaranper satuanwaktuyang ditetapkansebagaisasaranpengoperasianbagimanajemen, supervisidanparaoperator mesin, dapatdigunakansebagaidasarbagipenyusunananggaran.
DefinisiMacam-MacamKapasitas(2)
Peak capacity : jumlahkeluaranper satuanwaktuyang dapatdicapaimelaluimaksimisasikeluarandengankerjalembur, menambahtenagakerja,mengurangijam istirahatdansebagainya.
How a plant/system is organized
Level of output of a plant or system isdependent on how it is organized
capacity in sequence: linear operations, isbased on the operation with the lowestamount of capacity
capacity in parallel:
multiple alternative operations
any machine can be used
Capacity in Sequence
capacity in sequence: linear operations, isbased on the operation with the lowestamount of capacity.
Contoh:
Operasi1 : 20 unit/jam
Operasi2 : 10 unit/jam
Operasi3 : 15 unit/jam

10/14/20103
Capacity in Parallel
capacity that is based on the sum of the capacities of the various machines that make up the operation.
Contoh:
Operation 3 has 4 machines
machine 1 -90 pieces per minute
machine 2 -110 pieces per minute
machine 3 -120 pieces per minute
machine 4 -80 pieces per minute
Total capacity for operation 3 = 400 pieces/min
DefinisiWork Center
Section of a production facilitywhere all taskassociatedwith a particular process(such asassembling, painting, welding) are performed.Sumber:http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/work-center.html#ixzz11xhyQTXS

PerhitunganPersentase(dengannilaipenjualan)
Periode
JanFebMarAprMeiJun
Family X(hasilforecast 2010)
200250400210450255
Data PenjualanTerdahulu(2009)PeriodeJulAguSeptOktNovDec
DemandForecast
Produk A
100.0080.0065.00180.0090.00150.00
Produk B
80.0065.0050.00100.0050.0080.00
Produk C
120.00115.0085.00120.00100.00110.00Family X
300260200400240340
PerhitunganPersentase(dengannilaipenjualan)
PerhitunganPersentaseProdukHargaProdukPeriodeJul Agu Sept Okt Nov Dec Total Persentase
A
100.00DemandForecast
ProdukA
10,000.00 8,000.00 6,500.00 18,000.00 9,000.00 15,000.00
66,500.00
0.27
B
200.00
ProdukB
16,000.00 13,000.00 10,000.00 20,000.00 10,000.00 16,000.00
85,000.00
0.34
C
150.00
Produk C
18,000.00 17,250.00 12,750.00 18,000.00 15,000.00 16,500.00
97,500.00
0.39Family X
44,000.00 38,250.00 29,250.00 56,000.00 34,000.00 47,500.00249,000.00
DisagregasiHasilPeramalanPeriodeJanFebMarAprMeiJun
Family X
200250400210450255
DemandForecast
Produk A53.4166.77106.8356.08120.1868.10Produk B68.2785.34136.5571.69153.6187.05Produk C78.3197.89156.6382.23176.2099.85
Example
: MPS Januari(ProdukA) = 200 x 0,27 = 53,41MPS Januari(ProdukB) = 200 x 0,34 = 68,27MPS Januari(ProdukC) = 200 x 0,39 = 78,31