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Arc of Crisis Ip

Arc of Crisis Ip

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Published by ashnaik76

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: ashnaik76 on Jan 12, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/13/2013

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 Arc of Crisis: Israel Palestine
Back ground to the Crisis
 
1917
British Balfour Declaration supports Palestine as national home for the Jewish people.
1921
British give area east of the Jordan River to Emir Abdullah to formHashemite Kingdom of Trans-Jordan.
1921-1936
S
poradic Jewish/Arab violence erupts, leaving dead from both sides. Arabs riot over increasing Jewish settlement. British ban land salesto Jews.
1948
W
ar breaks out between new state of Israel and surrounding Arabcountries unhappy with U.N. partition plan. Israelis take control of 500 villages, and about 700,000 of Palestine's Arab population fleeto refugee camps in
S
yria, Jordan, Lebanon, the
W
est Bank andGaza
S
trip. Jordan takes
W
est Bank; Egypt takes Gaza
S
trip;Jerusalem is split between Israel in west and Jordan in east.U.N. General Assembly passes Resolution 194: Palestinians whowish to return to their homes should be permitted or compensatedby the state of Israel.
 
1964
Palestine Liberation Organization founded in Jerusalem.
1967
W
ar erupts again when Israel launches pre-emptive strike and seizes the
S
inaiPeninsula and Gaza
S
trip from Egypt, the Golan Heights from
S
yria, the
W
estBank and Jerusalem from Jordan. More than 320,000 Palestinians leave their homes for refugee camps. Israelis establish settlements in Gaza,
W
est Bank and
S
inai Peninsula.U.N.
S
ecurity Council passes Resolution 242 calling for a withdrawal of Israeliforces from the occupied territories.
1969
Y
asser Arafat assumes chairmanship of PLO.
1970
Jordan's King Hussein declares war on PLO, now headquartered in the country,and imposes martial law. More than 3,000 die in fighting. Arab League andEgypt's Nasser broker peace deal, and PLO moves headquarters to Lebanon.
1972
Palestinian gunmen kill 11 Israeli athletes at Munich Olympics.
1973
Egypt and
S
yria launch surprise attack on Israeli force in
S
inai Peninsula andGolan Heights. Israelis rebuff attack and defeat Egyptians and
S
yrians in threeweeks

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