Palestine Liberation Organization founded in Jerusalem.
ar erupts again when Israel launches pre-emptive strike and seizes the
inaiPeninsula and Gaza
trip from Egypt, the Golan Heights from
estBank and Jerusalem from Jordan. More than 320,000 Palestinians leave their homes for refugee camps. Israelis establish settlements in Gaza,
est Bank and
ecurity Council passes Resolution 242 calling for a withdrawal of Israeliforces from the occupied territories.
asser Arafat assumes chairmanship of PLO.
Jordan's King Hussein declares war on PLO, now headquartered in the country,and imposes martial law. More than 3,000 die in fighting. Arab League andEgypt's Nasser broker peace deal, and PLO moves headquarters to Lebanon.
Palestinian gunmen kill 11 Israeli athletes at Munich Olympics.
yria launch surprise attack on Israeli force in
inai Peninsula andGolan Heights. Israelis rebuff attack and defeat Egyptians and
yrians in threeweeks