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PT of Queries With AGGRS

PT of Queries With AGGRS

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Published by Bhasker Uppala

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Published by: Bhasker Uppala on Jan 12, 2011
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SAP AG assumes no responsibility for errors or omissions in these materials.These materials are provided “as is” without a warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including but not limited to, the impliedwarranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, or non-infringement.SAP shall not be liable for damages of any kind including without limitation direct, special, indirect, or consequential damages thatmay result from the use of these materials.SAP does not warrant the accuracy or completeness of the information, text, graphics, links or other items contained within thesematerials. SAP has no control over the information that you may access through the use of hot links contained in these materials anddoes not endorse your use of third party web pages nor provide any warranty whatsoever relating to third party web pages.
Performance TuningFor SAP BW
B
USINESS
I
NFORMATION
W
AREHOUSE
Performance Tuning for SAP BW
Document Version 2.6 (December 3, 2003)
Please Download This Document Regularly As It MightBe Subject To Changes
 
P
ERFORMANCE
T
UNING FOR
SAPBW
2002SAPAG,B
USINESS
I
NFORMATION
W
AREHOUSE
T
ABLE OF
C
ONTENTS
Table of Contents
1 INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................................................1
1.1S
TRATEGIC
P
ERFORMANCE
M
ANAGEMENT
...............................................................................11.2T
ARGET
G
ROUP
....................................................................................................................21.3H
OW
T
O
R
EAD
T
HIS
D
OCUMENT
.............................................................................................21.4S
OFTWARE
V
ERSION
S
UPPORTED
...........................................................................................3
2 BASIC SETTINGS.....................................................................................................................4
2.1D
ATABASE AND SYSTEM PARAMETERS
......................................................................................4
2.1.1 Oracle-specific DB settings...........................................................................................4 2.1.2 Settings when using Web Frontend..............................................................................5 
2.2C
HECKLIST
...........................................................................................................................5
2.2.1 Query and Web Performance.......................................................................................2.2.2 Upload Performance.....................................................................................................6 
3 GENERAL PERFORMANCE-INFLUENCING FACTORS..........................................................7
3.1D
ESIGN
................................................................................................................................7
3.1.1 Data Modeling..............................................................................................................
3.2H
ARDWARE AND
R
ESOURCES
...............................................................................................10
3.2.1 Hardware Impact........................................................................................................10 3.2.2 IT Landscape and Configuration.................................................................................11
3.3A
DMINISTRATION
.................................................................................................................12
3.3.1 Archiving....................................................................................................................12 3.3.2 Load Balancing...........................................................................................................12 3.3.3 Reorganization of Log Tables.....................................................................................13 3.3.4 Traces and logs..........................................................................................................13 
4 EXTRACTION IN THE SOURCE SYSTEM (SERVICE-API)....................................................14
4.1G
ENERAL
............................................................................................................................14
4.1.1 Settings of Extractors.................................................................................................14 4.1.2 Indices on DataSource tables.....................................................................................15 4.1.3 Customer Enhancements...........................................................................................15 
4.2A
PPLICATION
-
SPECIFIC
S
ETTINGS
..........................................................................................15
4.2.1 Logistics Extractors....................................................................................................15 4.2.2 LIS InfoStructures.......................................................................................................16 4.2.3 CO Extractors ............................................................................................................16 
5 DATA LOAD PERFORMANCE................................................................................................17
5.1G
ENERAL
............................................................................................................................17
5.1.1 Upload Sequence.......................................................................................................17 5.1.2 PSA Partition Size......................................................................................................17 5.1.3 Parallelizing Upload....................................................................................................18 5.1.4 Transformation Rules.................................................................................................18 5.1.5 Export DataSource.....................................................................................................19 
5.2F
LAT
F
ILE
U
PLOAD
...............................................................................................................20
5.2.1 Flat File Upload..........................................................................................................20 
5.3L
OAD OF
M
ASTER
D
ATA
.......................................................................................................20
5.3.1 Parallel Master Data Load..........................................................................................20 5.3.2 Buffering Number Range............................................................................................20 5.3.3 Change Run...............................................................................................................21
 
P
ERFORMANCE
T
UNING FOR
SAPBW
2002SAPAG,B
USINESS
I
NFORMATION
W
AREHOUSE
T
ABLE OF
C
ONTENTS
5.4U
PLOAD INTO AN
I
NFO
C
UBE
..................................................................................................21
5.4.1 Dropping Indices before Loading ................................................................................215.4.2 Buffering Number Range............................................................................................215.4.3 Compression..............................................................................................................22 5.4.4 Roll-Up.......................................................................................................................22 5.4.5 Change Run...............................................................................................................23 5.4.6 Request Handling.......................................................................................................25 
5.5U
PLOAD INTO AN
ODS
OBJECT
.............................................................................................25
5.5.1 ODS Objects Data Activation......................................................................................25 5.5.2 Indices........................................................................................................................26 5.5.3 Data Activation Performance and Flag “BEx Reporting..............................................26 5.5.4 Unique Records in ODS Objects.................................................................................26 5.5.5 Request Handling.......................................................................................................27 
6 QUERY PERFORMANCE........................................................................................................28
6.1Q
UERY
D
EFINITION
..............................................................................................................28
6.1.1 Query Definition..........................................................................................................28 6.1.2 Virtual Key Figures / Characteristics...........................................................................30 6.1.3 Query Read Mode......................................................................................................30 6.1.4 Reporting Formatting..................................................................................................30 
6.2I
NDICES AND
C
OMPRESSION
.................................................................................................30
6.2.1 Indices........................................................................................................................30 6.2.2 Compression..............................................................................................................33 
6.3A
GGREGATES
.....................................................................................................................34
6.3.1 Aggregates.................................................................................................................34 6.3.2 Aggregate Block Size .................................................................................................36 6.3.3 MOLAP Aggregates ...................................................................................................36 
6.4OLAPE
NGINE
....................................................................................................................37
6.4.1 ODS Objects..............................................................................................................37 6.4.2 MultiProviders ............................................................................................................38 6.4.3 OLAP Cache..............................................................................................................39 6.4.4 Hierarchies.................................................................................................................41
6.5A
UTHORIZATIONS
................................................................................................................41
6.5.1 Reporting Authorizations.............................................................................................41
7 WEB APPLICATION PERFORMANCE ...................................................................................42
7.1R
EPORTING
A
GENT
..............................................................................................................42
7.1.1 Pre-calculated Web Templates (Reporting Agent) ......................................................42 
7.2W
EB
A
PPLICATION
D
EFINITION
..............................................................................................43
7.2.1 Web Items..................................................................................................................43 7.2.2 Stateless / Stateful Connection...................................................................................43 7.2.3 HTTP / HTTPS...........................................................................................................44 
7.3C
ACHING
 /C
OMPRESSION
....................................................................................................44
7.3.1 Portal iView Cache.....................................................................................................44 7.3.2 Compressing Web Applications and using Browser Cache .........................................44 
7.4N
ETWORK
..........................................................................................................................45
7.4.1 Frontend Implications on Network Load......................................................................45 
8 DB-SPECIFIC PERFORMANCE FEATURES..........................................................................46
8.1G
ENERAL
............................................................................................................................46
8.1.1 Table Partitioning .......................................................................................................46 8.1.2 DB Statistics...............................................................................................................47 8.1.3 Disk Layout................................................................................................................48 8.1.4 Raw Device / File System...........................................................................................48 
8.2ORACLE-S
PECIFIC
P
ERFORMANCE
F
EATURES
......................................................................48

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