TYPES AND WORKING PRINCIPLES
Steam turbine is a rotating machine which- CONVERTS HEAT ENERGY OFSTEAM TO MECHANICAL ENERGY.In India, steam turbines of different capacities, varying from 15 MW to 500MW, are employed in the field of thermal power generation. The design, material,auxiliary systems etc. vary widely from each other depending on the capacity andmanufacturer of the sets. Therefore the discussions in the chapters will follow thegeneral patterns applicable to almost all types of turbines, with reference to thespecific features of 21 0 MW steam turbines (both L.M.W. Soviet & KWU GermanDesigns)'and 500 MW (KWU) turbines which form the backbone of the thermalpower sector in India.
1.1 DEVELOPMENT OF STEAM TURBINE
Historically, first steam turbine was produced by Hero, a Greek Philosopher, in 120B.C. (Fig. 1. l.). As the fig. shows, k was a pure reaction turbine (explained at 1.4).In 1629, an Mlian. named Branc actually anticipated the boiler-steam turbinecombination that is a major source of power today. The concept, is illustrated in(Fig. 1.2).First practical steam turbine was introduced by Charles Parsons in 1884which was also of the reaction type. Just after five years, in 1889, Gustav De Lava]produced the first practical impulse turbine.