13.5.1 Batteries Installation and Operation
An aircraft is fitted with one or two main batteries depending on its size and role. The battery is located asclose as possible to its point of distribution; this is to reduce IR losses through heavy-duty cables. Insmaller general aviation (GA) aircraft, the battery can be located in the engine compartment, alternatively behind the luggage compartment in the rear fuselage, see Fig. 1.1(a). On some larger GA aircraft the battery is located in the leading edge of the wing, see Fig. 1.1 (b). Other locations include the noseequipment bay on medium size helicopters (Fig. 1.1 (c) ) or attached to the
, see Fig. 1.1 (d) . For larger aircraft, e.g. the Boeing 737, one battery islocated in the Avionics compartment.Batteries are installed in a dedicated box or compartment designed to retain it in position and provideventilation. The battery compartment is usually fitted with a tray to collect any spilt electrolyte and protectthe airframe. Tray material will be resistant to corrosion and non-absorbent. The structure around the battery compartment will be treated to reduce any damage from corrosion resulting from any spiltelectrolyte or fumes given off during charging. Batteries must be secured to prevent them from becomingdetached during aircraft maneuvers; they are a
if they become detached from their tray.
When installing batteries in the aircraft, extreme care must be taken not to directly connect (or ‘shortcircuit’) the terminals. This could lead to a high discharge of electrical energy causing personal harmand/or damage to the aircraft.
Key maintenance point
The battery must be secured without causing any deformation of the casing which could lead to plate buckling and internal shorting.
Main battery installations must be vented to allow gases to escape, and accommodate electrolyte spillage.Rubber or other non-corroding pipes are used as ventilation lines which direct the gases overboard, usuallyterminating at the fuselage skin. On pressurized aircraft the differential pressures between cabin andatmosphere are used to draw air through the venting system. Some installations contain traps to retainharmful gases and vapors. Figure 1.2 illustrates battery venting, acid traps and how pressurized cabin air isused to ventilate the battery.