A disease cannot be cured if we are unable to get to the root of it. Similarly theenvironment cannot be properly maintained if we do not know the cause of the pollution. This iswhere environmental management plays a very vital role. Environmental management is themanagement of man’s interaction with and impact upon the environment. At first we have to know thereason of the pollution and then we have to figure out a way to keep it to a minimum level. The air we breathe and the water we drink are not as fresh as it used to be. Pollution has become a by-product of progress. As time has elapsed, the world has progressed a lot. There are lots of factories these days thesmoke of which pollute the air and the harmful wastes which are discarded into the nearby lake, river or sea pollute the water which in turn affect the aquatic lives. If it carries on like this then what worlddo we leave for our next generation? But that does not mean that all the factories should be shut downto avoid pollution, instead we have to think of an alternative to reduce its harmful affects. Many treeshave been cut down for various purposes but have we ever thought what can this lead to? Plants takein harmful carbon dioxide from air and give out oxygen. Now the rate at which trees are being cut, aday would come when there will not be enough trees to provide sufficient oxygen for us. So anincreased amount of carbon dioxide in air will affect the ozone layer, which protects us from theharmful UV rays from sun, resulting in global warming and greenhouse effect. But again we do needwood to make furniture, paper and many other useful staffs and sometimes forests and hills need to becleared to make factories, roads etc. for our own benefits. Since we cannot restrain ourselves fromcutting trees despite of knowing its effect, we have to make sure that we select a particular regionwhere we can plant lots of trees and allow the birds and animals to have their natural habitat. Thiscourse has helped us to learn about these pollutions; its effect on nature, human and other lives; andthe ways to reduce this pollution. The brief learning from this course is discussed below.
Environment is a term that comprises all living and non-living things that occur naturallyon Earth or some part of it (e.g. the natural environment in a country). This term includes afew key components:
Complete landscape units that function as natural systems without massive humanintervention, including all plants, animals, rocks, etc. andnatural phenomenathat occur within their boundaries.
Environmental Management is not, as the phrase could suggest, themanagement of the
as such but rather the management of man's interaction with andimpact upon the environment
The need for environmental management can be viewed from a varietyof perspectives. A more common one being the concept of carrying capacity which refers to the