sustain this initiative, the field health personnel has to provide antenatal assistance andbreastfeeding counseling to pregnant and lactating mothers as well as to the breastfeedingsupport groups in the community; there should also be continuous orientation and re-orientation/ updates to newly hired and old personnel, respectively, in support of thisinitiative.
4. Philippine Cancer Control Program
The Philippine Cancer Control Program, begun in 1988, is an integrated approach utilizingprimary, secondary and tertiary prevention in different regions of the country at bothhospital and community levels. Six lead cancers (lung, breast, liver, cervix, oral cavity, colonand rectum) are discussed. Features peculiar to the Philippines are described; and theircausation and prevention are discussed. A recent assessment revealed shortcomings in theCancer Control Program and urgent recommendations were made to reverse the anticipated‘cancer epidemic’. There is also today in place a Community-based Cancer Care Networkwhich seeks to develop a network of self-sufficient communities sharing responsibility forcancer care and control in the country.Sources:Department of Medicine, University of the Phil-Phil General Hospital and Jose R. ReyesMemorial Medical Center, Department of Health and 2Cancer Institute, Philippine GeneralHospital and Department of Orthopaedics, University of the Phil-Phil General Hospital,Manila, Philippines.
Cancer is largely considered a lifestyle-related disease. Many chemical, biological,radioactive, and other naturally occurring and synthetic substances, as well as predisposingfactors and high-risk behaviors like smoking, diet, sexual activity, pollution and occupationalexposure have been linked to cancer.Many different types of cancers have been identified. In the Philippines, the most commonsites of reported deaths from cancer are the trachea, bronchus and lung (8.4 deaths per100,000 population), breast (4.4 per 100,000) and leukemia (2.9 per 100,000). Amongmales, the leading sites are the lungs, prostate, colorectal area and liver. Among females,the leading sites are the breast, uterus, cervix and lungs. Among children, the leadingcancers are the leukemias and lymphomas.
6. Child Health and Development Strategic Plan Year 2001-2004
The Philippine National Strategic Framework for lan Development for CHildren or CHILD 21 isa strategic framework for planning programs and interventions that promote and safeguradthe rights of Filipino children. Covering the period 2000-2005, it paints in borad strokes avision for the quality of life of Filipino children in 2025 and a roadmap to achieve the vision.Children's Health 2025, a subdocument of CHILD 21, realizes that health is a critical andfundamental element in children's welfare. However, health programs cannot beimplemented in isolation from the other component that determine the safety and wellbeing of children in society. Children's Health 2025, therefore, should be able to integratethe strategies and interventions into the overall plan for children's development.Children's Health 2025 contains both mid-term strategies, which is targeted towards theyear 2004, while long-term strategies are targeted by the year 2025. It utilizes a life cycleapproach and weaves in the rights of children. The life cycle approach ensures that theissues, needs and gaps are addressed at the different stages of the child's growth anddevelopment. The period year 2002 to 2004 will put emphasis on timely diagnosis and management of common diseases of childhood as well as disease prevention and health promotion,particularly in the fields of immunization, nutrition and the acquisisiton of health lifestyles.Also critical for effective pallning and implementation would be addressing the componentsof the health infrastructure such as human resource development, quality assurance,monitoring and disease surveillance, and health information and education.