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Published by amier90

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: amier90 on Jan 13, 2011
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“Department of Health Programs”
1. Adolescent and Youth Health and Development Program (AYHDP)
In line with the global policy changes on adolescents and youth, the DOH created theAdolescent and Youth Health and Development Program (AYHDP) which is lodged at theNational Center for Disease Prevention and Control (NCDPC) specifically the Center forFamily and Environmental Health (CFEH). The program is an expanded version of AdolescentReproductive Health (ARH) element of Reproductive Health which aims to integrateadolescent and youth health services into the health delivery systems. The DOH, with the participation of other line agencies, partners from the medical discipline,NGOs and donor agencies have developed a policy on adolescent and youth health as wellas complementary guidelines and service protocol to ensure young peoples’ health needsare given attention. The Program shall mainly focus on addressing the following health concerns regardless of their sex, race and socioeconomic background:* Growth and Development concerns Nutrition Physical, mental and emotional status* Reproductive Health Sexuality Reproductive Tract Infection (STD, HIV/AIDS) ResponsibleParenthood Maternal & Child Health* Communicable Diseases Diarrhea, Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever, Measles, Malaria, etc.* Mental Health Substance use and abuse* Intentional / non-intentional injuries DisabilityOther issues and concerns such as vocational, education, social and employment needswhere the DOH has neither direct mandate nor control, shall be coordinated closely withother concerned line agencies, and NGOs.
2. Botika Ng Barangay (BnB)
Botika ng Barangay Profile: currently being updated. The Botika ng Barangay (BnB) refers to a drug outlet managed by a legitimate communityorganization (CO/non-government organization (NGO) and/or the Local Government Unit(LGU), with a trained operator and a supervising pharmacist specifically established inaccordance with Administrative Order No. 144 s.2004. The BnB outlet should be initiallyidentified, evaluated and selected by the concerned Center for Health Development (CHD),approved by the National Drug Policy-Pharmaceutical Management Unit (NDP-PMU 50), andspecifically licensed by the Bureau of Food and Drugs (BFAD) to sell, distribute, offer for saleand/or make available low-priced generic home remedies, over-the-counter (OTC) drugs andtwo (2) selected, publicly-known prescription antibiotic drugs (i.e. Amoxicillin andCotrimoxazole). The BnB program aims to promote equity in health by ensuring the availability andaccessibility of affordable, safe and effective, quality, essential drugs to all, with priority formarginalized, underserved, critical and hard to reach areas.
3. Promotion of Breastfeeding program / Mother and Baby Friendly HospitalInitiative (MBFHI)
Realizing optimal maternal and child health nutrition is the ultimate concern of thePromotion of Breastfeeding Program. Thus, exclusive breastfeeding in the first four (4) to six(6) months after birth is encouraged as well as enforcement of legal mandates. The Mother and Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (MBFHI) is the main strategy to transformall hospitals with maternity and newborn services into facilities which fully protect, promoteand support breastfeeding and rooming-in practices. The legal mandate to this initiative aretheRA 7600 (The Rooming-In and Breastfeeding Act of 1992)and theExecutive Order 51 of  1986 (The Milk Code).National assistance in terms of financial support for this strategyended year 2000, thus LGUs were advocated to promote and sustain this initiative. To
sustain this initiative, the field health personnel has to provide antenatal assistance andbreastfeeding counseling to pregnant and lactating mothers as well as to the breastfeedingsupport groups in the community; there should also be continuous orientation and re-orientation/ updates to newly hired and old personnel, respectively, in support of thisinitiative.
4. Philippine Cancer Control Program
 The Philippine Cancer Control Program, begun in 1988, is an integrated approach utilizingprimary, secondary and tertiary prevention in different regions of the country at bothhospital and community levels. Six lead cancers (lung, breast, liver, cervix, oral cavity, colonand rectum) are discussed. Features peculiar to the Philippines are described; and theircausation and prevention are discussed. A recent assessment revealed shortcomings in theCancer Control Program and urgent recommendations were made to reverse the anticipated‘cancer epidemic’. There is also today in place a Community-based Cancer Care Networkwhich seeks to develop a network of self-sufficient communities sharing responsibility forcancer care and control in the country.Sources:Department of Medicine, University of the Phil-Phil General Hospital and Jose R. ReyesMemorial Medical Center, Department of Health and 2Cancer Institute, Philippine GeneralHospital and Department of Orthopaedics, University of the Phil-Phil General Hospital,Manila, Philippines.
Cancer is largely considered a lifestyle-related disease. Many chemical, biological,radioactive, and other naturally occurring and synthetic substances, as well as predisposingfactors and high-risk behaviors like smoking, diet, sexual activity, pollution and occupationalexposure have been linked to cancer.Many different types of cancers have been identified. In the Philippines, the most commonsites of reported deaths from cancer are the trachea, bronchus and lung (8.4 deaths per100,000 population), breast (4.4 per 100,000) and leukemia (2.9 per 100,000). Amongmales, the leading sites are the lungs, prostate, colorectal area and liver. Among females,the leading sites are the breast, uterus, cervix and lungs. Among children, the leadingcancers are the leukemias and lymphomas.
6. Child Health and Development Strategic Plan Year 2001-2004
 The Philippine National Strategic Framework for lan Development for CHildren or CHILD 21 isa strategic framework for planning programs and interventions that promote and safeguradthe rights of Filipino children. Covering the period 2000-2005, it paints in borad strokes avision for the quality of life of Filipino children in 2025 and a roadmap to achieve the vision.Children's Health 2025, a subdocument of CHILD 21, realizes that health is a critical andfundamental element in children's welfare. However, health programs cannot beimplemented in isolation from the other component that determine the safety and wellbeing of children in society. Children's Health 2025, therefore, should be able to integratethe strategies and interventions into the overall plan for children's development.Children's Health 2025 contains both mid-term strategies, which is targeted towards theyear 2004, while long-term strategies are targeted by the year 2025. It utilizes a life cycleapproach and weaves in the rights of children. The life cycle approach ensures that theissues, needs and gaps are addressed at the different stages of the child's growth anddevelopment. The period year 2002 to 2004 will put emphasis on timely diagnosis and management of common diseases of childhood as well as disease prevention and health promotion,particularly in the fields of immunization, nutrition and the acquisisiton of health lifestyles.Also critical for effective pallning and implementation would be addressing the componentsof the health infrastructure such as human resource development, quality assurance,monitoring and disease surveillance, and health information and education.
 The successful implementation of these strategies will require collaborative efforts with theother stakeholdres and also implies integration with the other developmental plan of actionfor children.
7. Dengue Control Program
One of the major health problems during rainy season is the incidence of DengueHemorrhagic Fever.It occurs in all age groups. This disease (transmitted by Aedes, a day-biting mosquito) is preventable but is prevalent in urban centers where population density ishigh, water supply is inadequate (resulting to water storage and a good breeding place forthe vector), and solid waste collection and storing are also inadequate. The thrust of theDengue Control Programis directed towards community-based preventionand control in endemic areas.Major strategy is advocacy and promotion, particularly theFour O’clock Habitwhich wasadopted by most LGUs. This is a nationwide, continuous and concerted effort to eliminatethe breeding places of Aedes aegypti. Other initiatives are the dissemination of IECmaterials and tri-media coverage.
8. Dental Health Program
ComprehensiveDental Health Programaims to improve the quality of life of the peoplethrough the attainment of the highest possible oral health. Its objective is to prevent andcontrol dental diseases and conditions like dental caries and periodontal diseases thusreducing their prevalence. Targeted priorities are vulnerable groups such as the 5-12 year old children and pregnantwomen. Strategies of the program include social mobilization through advocacy meetings,partnership with GOs and NGOs, orientation/updates and monitoring adherence tostandards. To attain orally fit children, the program focuses on the following package of activities: oralexamination and prophylaxis; sodium fluoride mouth rinsing; supervised tooth brushing drill;pit and fissure sealant application; a-traumatic restorative treatment and IEC. The Programalso integrates its activities with the Maternal and Child Health Program, theNutritionProgramand theGarantisadong Pambataactivities of theWHSMP.
9. Emerging Disease Control Program
Emerging infectious diseases are newly identified and previously unknown infections whichcause public health problems either locally or internationally. These include diseases whoseincidence in humans has increased within the past two decades or threatens to increase inthe near future.
10. Environmental Health
Environmental Health is concerned with preventing illness through managing theenvironment and by changing people's behavior to reduce exposure to biological and non-biological agents of disease and injury. It is concerned primarily with effects of theenvironment to the health of the people.Program strategies and activities are focused on environmental sanitation, environmentalhealth impact assessment and occupational health through inter-agency collaboration. AnInter-Agency COmmittee on Environmental Health was created by virute of E.O. 489 tofacilitate and improve coordination among concerned agencies. It provides the venue fortechnical collaboration, effective monitoring and communication, resource mobilization,policy review and development. The Committee has five sectoral task forces on water, solidwaste, air, toxic and chemical substances and occupational health.
11. Expanded Program on Immunization
Children need not die young if they receive complete and timely immunization. Children whoare not fully immunized are more susceptible to common childhood diseases. TheExpanded

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