Aquatech Engineering Services LimitedDO, which is unsuitable for discharging to the environment. During treatment of wastewater air is blown through the effluent when oxygen is dissolved in the effluent as a result DO level raises andas the DO increases the BOD/COD decreases.
Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD):
This is a means of measuring the ability of wastewater tosustain aquatic life, essential for the preservation of the environment. It also enables proper assessment of treatment plant performance. Aquatic organisms and animals require dissolvedoxygen to flourish. The Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) test gives an indication of the impact of discharge waters on aquatic life by measuring the oxygen depleting nature of the discharge water.COD is based on the fact that nearly all-organic compounds can be fully oxidized to carbondioxide with a strong oxidizing agent under acidic condition. COD is another common measure of water-borne organic substances — the process of measuring COD causes the conversion of allorganic matter into carbon dioxide. For this reason, one limitation of COD is that it cannotdifferentiate between biologically active and those which biologically inactive. One major advantage of COD over BOD is that COD can be measured in just three hours where as BODmeasurement takes at least five days. The value of COD is always higher than BOD, this is because BOD accounts for only biodegradable organic compounds while COD accounts for allorganic compounds e.g. biodegradable as well as no biodegradable but chemically oxidisable.
Total suspended Solids (TSS):
TSS is mainly organic in nature, are visible and can be removedfrom the wastewater by physical/ mechanical means e.g. screening and sedimentation. TSS ismeasured by filtering a certain quantity of effluent and then drying the filtrate at certaintemperature e.g. 105
C followed by weighing. TSS is expressed as parts per million or inmilligram/litre. The pore size of the filter paper is very important in estimating the TSS, thenominal pore size 1.58 micro metre.
Total Dissolved Solids (TDS):
TDS are the solids that are actually in solution, similar for example to mix sugar into hot coffee. Dissolved solids generally pass through the systemunaffected. TDS is the sum total of all of the dissolved things in a given body of water. It iseverything in the water that's not actually water. It includes hardness, alkalinity, cyanuric acid,chlorides, bromides, sulfates, silicates, and all manner of organic compounds. Every time we addanything to the water, we are increasing its TDS. This includes not only sanitizing and pHadjusting chemicals, but also conditioner, algaecides, and tile and surface cleaners. TDS alsoincludes airborne pollutants and bather waste as well as dissolved minerals in the fill water. TDS isreferred to as the total amount of mobile charged ions, including minerals, salts or metalsdissolved in a given volume of water, and is expressed in units of mg per unit volume of water (mg/L), or as parts per million (ppm).
Where do Dissolved Solids come from?
Some dissolved solids come from organic sources such as leaves, silt, plankton, and dyes andchemicals used in processing, sewage. Other sources come from runoff from urban areas, roadsalts used on street during the winter, and fertilizers and pesticides used on lawns and farms.3