process and that should be stored in a secured landfill. The main objective of zerodischarge treatment system is minimizing the effect of waste water on the environmentas far as possible.Any zero discharge treatment system design should consider the followingfacts/requirements:1.Quantity of the effluent to be treated.2.Variability in time of the quantity as well as quality of the effluent.3.Unit processes suitable for achieving desired purposes [such as removal oftotal suspended solids (TSS), reduction in biological oxygen demand (BOD),
]for the given nature of the effluent.4.The upper and lower limits of performance of each unit process.5.The durability of the system to be adopted.6.The feasibility of establishing suitable collection and conveyance system in thecase of a common treatment facility.
2.COLLECTION AND CONVEYANCE
Only little attention is paid towards the design of a collection and conveyance system.However, its role is very much important for the successful operation of a zerodischarge treatment facility
. Some of the design aspects of a collection andconveyance system suitable for textile waste water is considered here.1.Proposed/available location for the common effluent treatment facility, extendof land available, and the possibility for further expansion are to be considered.The locality shall determine the total length of the pipeline required, its route,required slope, placement for air-lock release valves, and location of additionalcollection sumps (if found necessary)