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Designing Zero Discharge System for a Textile Waste Water Treatment Plant

Designing Zero Discharge System for a Textile Waste Water Treatment Plant

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Published by ecotechconsultants

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: ecotechconsultants on Jan 13, 2011
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10/02/2011

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Designing Zero Discharge System fora Textile Waste Water TreatmentPlantEcotech consulting
infusing intelligence
R.P.PANDEY
 
Scientific & Technical Consultant1st
 
January 2011
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SectionContentPage
 
1INTRODUCTION3
 
2COLLECTION ANDCONVEYANCE3
 
3PROPOSEDTREATMENTSCHEMES5
 
3.1Treating Segregatedand Combined RawEffluent5
 
3.2Primary TreatmentSystem6
 
3.3SecondaryTreatment System8
 
3.4Tertiary TreatmentSystem9
 
 
2
4OPTIMIZATION OFSYSTEM DESIGN ANDPERFORMANCE
 
10
 
5RESOURCESNEEDED/REQUIREMENTS11
 
6UNIT PROCESSES12
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
ACFActivated Carbon FilterBODBiological Oxygen DemandCETPCommon Effluent Treatment PlantCODChemical Oxygen DemandFBBRFluidized Bed BioreactorHRTHydraulic Residence TimeMBRMembrane BioreactorMLSSMixed Liquor Suspended SolidsOTEOxygen Transfer EfficiencyPSFPressure Sand FilterSBRSequencing Batch ReactorSRTSolids Retention TimeTDSTotal Dissolved SolidsTSSTotal Suspended SolidsUASBUpflow Anaerobic Sludge BlanketVOCVolatile Organic CompoundsECP CONSULTINGPage-2www.ecpconsulting.in
 
DESIGNING ZERO DISCHARGE SYSTEM FOR A TEXTILEWASTE WATER TREATMENT PLANT
R.P.PANDEY
 
ECOTECH CONSULTING
1.INTRODUCTION 
The concept of zero discharge implies that the process water utilized in dyeing andbleaching operations is recovered for reuse to an extend that no discharge of effluentinto the environment is achieved. However, there may be solid wastes generated in the
 
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process and that should be stored in a secured landfill. The main objective of zerodischarge treatment system is minimizing the effect of waste water on the environmentas far as possible.Any zero discharge treatment system design should consider the followingfacts/requirements:1.Quantity of the effluent to be treated.2.Variability in time of the quantity as well as quality of the effluent.3.Unit processes suitable for achieving desired purposes [such as removal oftotal suspended solids (TSS), reduction in biological oxygen demand (BOD),
etc.
]for the given nature of the effluent.4.The upper and lower limits of performance of each unit process.5.The durability of the system to be adopted.6.The feasibility of establishing suitable collection and conveyance system in thecase of a common treatment facility.
2.COLLECTION AND CONVEYANCE 
Only little attention is paid towards the design of a collection and conveyance system.However, its role is very much important for the successful operation of a zerodischarge treatment facility
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. Some of the design aspects of a collection andconveyance system suitable for textile waste water is considered here.1.Proposed/available location for the common effluent treatment facility, extendof land available, and the possibility for further expansion are to be considered.The locality shall determine the total length of the pipeline required, its route,required slope, placement for air-lock release valves, and location of additionalcollection sumps (if found necessary)
.

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