This period is characterized by the withdrawal of treated effluent from approximately two feet below the surface of the mixed liquor by the floating solids excluding decanter . This removalmust be done without disturbing the settled sludge.
The time in this stage can be used to waste sludge or perform backwashing of the jet aerator. Thewasted sludge is pumped to an anaerobic digester to reduce the volume of the sludge to bediscarded. The frequency of sludge wasting ranges between once each cycle to once every two tothree months depending upon system design.
A. Jet Aeration Header
Jet aeration offers significant advantages in the SBR process due to its flexibility, good contact between substrate and microorganisms, and efficient oxygen transfer. One of its main features isthat it can mix without aerating.Therefore it can provide for aerated and anoxic mix periods. Theheader in conjunction with a computer controlling for flow proportional aeration makes moreoxygen available at higher flows than at lower flows by measuring the rate of change in the flowlevel in reactor.
Decanting is best achieved through solids excluding decanters. The floating decanter is one of the most efficient and contains a spring loaded plug valve operated by hydraulic differential .This decanter is sustained about sixteen inches below the scum by a float therefore avoiding thedecanting of floating matter.
Wastewater treatment has been a challenge throughout the years due to varying influent chemicaland physical characteristics and stringent effluent regulations. Treatment systems using activatedsludge have been able to handle many of these difficulties. Given the lack of on-line computer controls, continuous flow systems have been mostly used for these purposes versus sequencing batch processes. The availability of artificial intelligence has now made the option of a SBR process more attractive thus providing better controls and results in wastewater treatment. This iscoupled by the flexibility of a SBR in the treatment of variable flows, minimum operator interaction required, option for anoxic or anaerobic conditions in the same tank, good oxygencontact with microorganisms and substrate, small floor space, and good removal efficiency.