TERM -UTILITIES & FACILITIES MANAGEMENT PAGE 2
1. Hot surfaces2. Electrical equipment3. Static electricity4. Smoking/ naked flame5. Textiles6. Loose packaging materials7. Sparks created by loose connections
Anything that burns is fuel for a firea. flammable gasesb. flammable liquidsc. flammable solidsG
Flammable liquid based products such as paints , varnish, thinnersand adhsives
Paper , card board
Flammable gases such aslpgand acetylene
Always present in the air
Additional source of oxidising substances
Identifying sources of oxygen
It is in the air around us
In an enclosed building provided with ventilation
Mainly falls in one of the two categories
1. Natural air flow through doors and windows and other openings2. Mechanical air conditioning system and air handling systemsIn many buildings there will be combination of systems , , which will be capable of introducing / extracting air to and from the building additional sources of o2 can be found in materials used asSome chemicals (oxidising material) which can provide a fire with additional o2 and so assist it toburn. These chemicals should be identified on their container by the manufacturer or supplier whocan advice as to their safe use and storage.2. O2 supplies from cylinder storage and piped system , e.g o2 used in welding processesorhealth care purposes
Types of fires
: in volving combustible materials of organic nature such as wood,paper,rubber and many plastics etc where cooling effect of water is essentil for extinguishing fire(water co2 shoud be usedB.
:involving flammable liquids like petroleum productswhere blankettingeffect is essential(foam should be sed) d.c.pC.
:involving flammable gassesunder pressure including liquefied gasseswher it is necessary to inhibit the burning gas at a rapid rate with an inert gas,powder orvaporised liquid (d.c.p. should be used )D.
:involving combustible metals such as mg,k,na…..
Class ‗d‖fire s fires involving combustable metals such as mg, al, zn, na,
p,etc when theburning metals are reactive to water and water containing agents .