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6th Term - Utilities & Facilities Management

6th Term - Utilities & Facilities Management

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Published by Shreedhar
Utilities & Facilities Management: escalators,lifts,safety,fire,alarm system
Utilities & Facilities Management: escalators,lifts,safety,fire,alarm system

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Published by: Shreedhar on Jan 13, 2011
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12/25/2013

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S.R.P* 6
TH
TERM -UTILITIES & FACILITIES MANAGEMENT PAGE 1
MCM 614: UTILITES AND FACILITES MANAGEMENT
:
Fire protection scheme
 
Contents:
 1. Introduction2. Ignition3. Fuel4. Oxygen5. Types of fire6. Fire detection system7. Fire fighting: fire extinguisher8. Hydrant system9. Fire pump house
Introduction 
 For a fire to starts - 3 things needed1. A source of ignition2. Fuel3. Oxygen
Any of the above missing , fire cannot start taking steps to avoid the three coming togetherwill therefore reducethe chance of a fire occuring.
Once a fire starts it can grow quickly and spread from one source of fuel to another ,as itgrows the amount of heat it gives off will increase and this can cause other fuels to self -ignite
Identifying sources of ignition
 Can be identified anywhere by looking for possible sources of heat which could get hot enough toignite the material in the office.1.
Naked flame
:smokers material cigarettes and matches2.
Hot surfaces:
 
(office equipment)hot surfaces and obstruction of equipments ventilation ,3.
Mechnically generated spark
(welding and grinding work)4.
Electrically generated spark
(halogen lamps and loose electrical connections)faulty ormis use of electrical equipment lighting equipment.
Identifying a sources of fuel
Any thing that burns is fuel for fire . So we need to look for the thing that will burn reasonablyeasily and are in sufficient quantityto provide fuel for firesome of the common fuels found inworkplace are
 –
 1. Flammable liquid based products such as paints, varnish , thinner, and adhessives.2. Flammable liquids and solvents such as petrol , white spirits, and paraffins.3. Flammable chemicals4. Wood5. paper and card board6. Plastics, rubber and foam such as polysterene e.g the foam used in upholstered furniture.7. Flammable gasess such liquified petroleum gases
 
S.R.P* 6
TH
TERM -UTILITIES & FACILITIES MANAGEMENT PAGE 2
Ignition sources
1. Hot surfaces2. Electrical equipment3. Static electricity4. Smoking/ naked flame5. Textiles6. Loose packaging materials7. Sparks created by loose connections
Fuel 
Anything that burns is fuel for a firea. flammable gasesb. flammable liquidsc. flammable solidsG
Flammable liquid based products such as paints , varnish, thinnersand adhsives
Petrol,white spirit,parrafin
Flammable chemicals
Wood
Paper , card board
Flammable gases such aslpgand acetylene
Oxygen
Always present in the air
Additional source of oxidising substances
Identifying sources of oxygen
It is in the air around us
In an enclosed building provided with ventilation
Mainly falls in one of the two categories 
 1. Natural air flow through doors and windows and other openings2. Mechanical air conditioning system and air handling systemsIn many buildings there will be combination of systems , , which will be capable of introducing extracting air to and from the building additional sources of o2 can be found in materials used asSome chemicals (oxidising material) which can provide a fire with additional o2 and so assist it toburn. These chemicals should be identified on their container by the manufacturer or supplier whocan advice as to their safe use and storage.2. O2 supplies from cylinder storage and piped system , e.g o2 used in welding processesorhealth care purposes
Types of fires
A.
CLASS “A”
fires 
: in volving combustible materials of organic nature such as wood,paper,rubber and many plastics etc where cooling effect of water is essentil for extinguishing fire(water co2 shoud be usedB.
CLASS “B”
fires 
:involving flammable liquids like petroleum productswhere blankettingeffect is essential(foam should be sed) d.c.pC.
CLASS “C”
fires 
:involving flammable gassesunder pressure including liquefied gasseswher it is necessary to inhibit the burning gas at a rapid rate with an inert gas,powder orvaporised liquid (d.c.p. should be used )D.
CLASS “D”
fires 
:involving combustible metals such as mg,k,na…..
 
Class ‗d‖fire s fires involving combustable metals such as mg, al, zn, na,
p,etc when theburning metals are reactive to water and water containing agents .
 
S.R.P* 6
TH
TERM -UTILITIES & FACILITIES MANAGEMENT PAGE 3
Electrical fires fires involving electrical equipments/cables etc which can be extinguishedwith the help of co2 type or d.c.p.type extinguisher.
FIRE FIGHTING
:FIREEXTINGUISHER
Fire extinguisher should be installedas per the indian standardscode
(is:2190-1971)
 
Portable extinguishers are fitted atvarious locations in the common areato fight different types of fire:1.
Dry powder type :is:2171-1962
 2.
Fire buckets :as per isi
 3.
Carbon di oxide: is:2878/1976
4.
Water carbondi oxide: is:940/1976
 5.
Mech foam type: is:10204
 
FIRE DETECTION & FIGHTING SYSTEM
It includes the smoke detection and fire alarm system according to the indian standards andnational electrical code
 
Is-2175
: Heat Sensitive Fire Detectors For Use In Automatic Fire Alarm System
 
Is-2189
: Code Of Practice For Selection, Installation And Maintenance Of Automatic FireDetection And Alarm System
 
Is-11360
: For Smoke Detectors Used In Automatic Electrical Fire Alarm System
 
Bs-5839
: For Manual Call Points
Fire detection system
The equipment is designed to take care of fire protection for 30 minutes before fire departmenttake over .a fire and life safety matrix(enclosed sketch). The fire detection , alarm andcommunication system are non coded, zoned and electrically supervised .
Fire alarm
initiating and alerting device.
A control panel are located in security room and in ground level . The security personnel willbe trained to relay all water flow alarm
Combined audible and visual alerting devices are provide throughout all floors withspeakers having maximum sound level of 10lbs

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