Geographical and demographic variables to analyze the rural communities and ruraldevelopment
ICT4RD : Generation and regeneration of the rural Catalan communities in theenvironment of Knowledge Society
2. Geographical and demographical indicators
In the introduction of the Atlas of Catalan Rurality, Trepat (2009) indicates the mostimportant causes of the changes of structures in the rural Catalan areas. The process of Catalanindustrialization caused a large fall in population, a change in the social structure and opened anew way to develop the economy, through the tertiary sector, in areas that traditionally hadtraditionally been based on agriculture or livestock. However, for a long
period of time, Cataloniahad been considered an agricultural country until the beginning of the industrial and urbanizationperiod. (Vilà,1973).Industry began to complement traditional agriculture. These complementary activities werethe most important value in the economy of the rural spaces. (Ferrer i Alòs, 2009).In the next part of the article we analyse the Catalan data using the Bartle approach aboutgeographic indicators. The relation between geographic and demographic values will give us thevariables to study the rural communities.
Fig. 1. Effects of demographic changes in communities
Bartle indicates some effects of demographic changes in communities (Fig.1) that will beimportant to analyse to determinate the variables to observe the characteristics of our community.
3. The Geography of the rural communities in Catalonia
The first questions we have to answer about the geographical communities according tothe Bartle method of analysis are focused on terrain and climate:“Where is the community located? Is the terrain hilly, mountainous or flat? Is it next to anocean, a lake, a river? Is the climate cold, hot, mixed, wet, dry, misty? How does the weatherchange over the year?