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Dragging Canoe 1738

Dragging Canoe 1738

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Published by: ksmith_3434 on Jan 13, 2011
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Tsiyugunsini "Dragging Canoe" (c. 1738 – March 1, 1792)
(Son of Chief Attakulkulla and Nannie Ollie)From the Cherokee RegistryAs a 12-14 year old boy he was told he couldn't go with the war party unless he coulddrag the fully loaded war log canoe on land into the water. His enthusiasm and endeavorsearned him the name Tsi'ui-Gunsin'ni "Dragging Canoe". This was circa 1750 when hisfather Atakullakulla led war parties against the French & their Native allies, includingShawnee, in the Ohio Valley. (From Wikipedia)Tsiyugunsini, "He is dragging his canoe", known to whites as Dragging Canoe, (c. 1738 – March 1, 1792) was an American Indian war leader who led a dissident band of Cherokee(joined by Upper Muskogee, Chickasaw, Shawnee, and Indians from other tribes/nations,along with British Loyalists, French and Spanish agents, renegade whites from thecolonies, and runaway slaves), against the United States in the American RevolutionaryWar and a decade afterwards, a series of conflicts known as the Chickamauga wars, becoming the pre-eminent war leader among the Indian of the Southeast of his time. Heserved as principal chief of the Chickamauga, or Lower, Cherokee from 1777 until hisdeath in 1792, upon which he was succeeded by John Watts.Son of Attakullakulla ("Little Carpenter" in English), who was part Shawnee and part Nipissing, and a mother who was a Natchez living in a town of refugees from that tribeswho had settled among the Overhill Towns on the Little Tennessee River, he contractedsmallpox at a young age, which left his face pock-marked. According to Cherokeelegend, his name is derived from an incident in his early childhood in which he attemptedto prove his readiness to go on the warpath by hauling a canoe, the attempt resulting inhim only being able to drag it.Dragging Canoe did later get his chance to take part in war, initially against the Shawneeand Muskogee (later his two closest allies), but he gained his first real taste in the Anglo-Cherokee War (1759-1761), along with prior forays into the Ohio country as well. In theaftermath of this war, he became one of the most vocal opponents of encroachment bysettlers from the British colonies onto Indian, especially Cherokee, land. Eventually he became chief of Great Island Town (Amoyeli Egwa in Cherokee, written Mialaquo by theBritish) on the Little Tennessee River.When the Cherokee opted to join in the fighting of the American Revolution on the sideof the British, Dragging Canoe was at the head of one of the major attacks. After hisfather and Oconostota refused to continue further after the wholesale destruction of theCherokee Middle (Hill), Valley, and Lower Towns, Dragging Canoe led a band of theOverhill Cherokee out of the towns to the area surrounding Chickamauga River (SouthChickamauga Creek) in the Chattanooga area, where they established eleven towns in1777, including the one later referred to as "Old Chickamauga Town" across river from place where the British commissary John McDonald had set up shop, doing so on theadvice of Alexander Cameron, the British agent to the Cherokee. From this location,
frontiersmen gave his group the name the Chickamauga Cherokee, and later called themthe Lower Cherokee.After the Chickamauga towns were destroyed a second time in 1782, Dragging Canoe's band moved down the Tennessee River to the "Five Lower Towns" area below theobstructions of the Tennessee River Gorge: Running Water (now Whiteside), Nickajack (near the cave of the same name), Long Island (on the Tennessee River), Crow Town (atthe mouth of Crow Creek), and Lookout Mountain Town (at the site of the currentTrenton, Georgia). From Running Water, Dragging Canoe led attacks on whitesettlements all over the American Southeast, especially against the colonial settlementson the Holston, Watauga, and Nolichucky Rivers in East Tennessee, and the CumberlandRiver settlements in Middle Tennessee (after 1780), sometimes raiding into Kentuckyand Virginia as well. His brothers Little Owl, The Badger, and Turtle-at-Home are knownto have taken part in his wars as well.Dragging Canoe died March 1, 1792, from exhaustion or an apparent heart attack after dancing all night celebrating the recent conclusion of alliance with the Muskogee and theChoctaw, despite a failed similar mission to the Chickasaw, from whence he had justreturned, plus a recent victory by a Chickamauga war band on the Cumberland River settlements. He is considered by many to be the most significant Native Americans leader of the Southeast, and provided a significant role model for the younger Tecumseh, whowas a member of a band of Shawnee living with the Chickamauga/Lower Cherokee andtaking part in their wars.Chief Dragging Canoe - Another ArticleFor seventeen years, Dragging Canoe led a war trail against settlements in Georgia,Virginia, and the Carolinas. The militia of these states retaliated by destroying Indiancrops and more than 50 Cherokee towns. The old chiefs wanted peace, but DraggingCanoe wanted to continue the fight. He and his followers built new settlements inGeorgia and became known as the Chicamaugans. This die-hard band of Chicamaugansconducted guerrilla raids, leaving a trail of scalps, murdered victims, and ruined crops. In1777 Dragging Canoe killed a man named David Crockett, his wife and several of hischildren. Two of David's sons, Joseph and James, were taken prisoner and kept for 17years. Another son, John, married and had nine children. The fifth of these was namedDavey Crockett, after his murdered grandfather. This is the Davey Crockett who foughtalongside Andrew Jackson in the Creek War of 1813, became a U.S. Senator, and later died a hero at the Alamo.http://thejamesscrolls.blogspot.com/2009/04/dragging-canoe-1738-1792.html

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