Feinstein International Center
contrast, is concerned with the totality of humanitarian financing, and how the manydifferent instruments and mechanisms used to disburse these funds interact with eachother.We raise a number of questions that are designed to assist the humanitarian community inidentifying changes which will take the humanitarian funding system closer to its assumedgoal: an ability to fund identified global humanitarian needs in an equitable, timely andefficient manner.
1. How much money is in the overall pot, is the pot big enough, and is ittargeted to the right places?
1.1 How much money is in the pot and where does it come from?
Between 2000 and 2005 spending on global humanitarian assistance continued to rise inreal terms. In 2005, an estimated $18 billion was raised by the international community forhumanitarian assistance
against an estimated $10 billion raised in 2000.Humanitarian contributions for the aftermath of war in Iraq and Afghanistan in 2003 andfor the Asian tsunami in 2005 represent funding anomalies. The tsunami response in 2005precipitated a massive spike in overall humanitarian contributions, adding additionalfunding of $5.5 billionin contributions fromthe public to NGOs,the Red Cross, and UNagencies.
Controllingfor the tsunami andIraq spikes inhumanitarian funding,humanitarian aidlevels reveal a steadyupward trend between2000 and 2006.Interestingly, afterhumanitarian reforms were implemented,this growth hasslowed—humanitarianassistance grew at amuch higher averageannual rate during2000-2003 than it didduring 2004-2006.
Looking at data fromthe last half decade,
OHA trend without tsunami and Iraq contributions
= 0.80100000000020000000003000000000400000000050000000006000000000700000000080000000002000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
Controlling for the Asian tsunami and Iraq spikes in humanitarian funding,humanitarian aid levels reveal a steady upward trend between 2000 and2006, approaching $7 billion. Yet, after humanitarian reforms wereimplemented, this growth has slowed—humanitarian assistance grew at amuch higher average annual rate during 2000-2003 than it did during 2004-2006.
Abby Stoddard, Adele Harmer, and Katherine Haver. “Operational Consequences of Reform Project: Financing Reform Study.” Preliminary data analysis, May 2007, p. 5.