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Judgement Yussuf Munyakazi

Judgement Yussuf Munyakazi

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Published by: Kagatama on Jan 15, 2011
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11/12/2011

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OR: ENG
TRIAL CHAMBER IBefore Judges:
 Florence Rita Arrey, PresidingMparany Mamy Richard RajohnsonAydin Sefa Akay
Registrar:
 Adama Dieng
Date:
 5 July 2010
THE PROSECUTORv.Yussuf MUNYAKAZI
Case No. ICTR-97-36A-T 
JUDGEMENT AND SENTENCE
______________________________________________________________________________________
 
Office of the Prosecutor: Counsel for the Defence
Richard Karegyesa Jwani MwaikusaSegun Jegede Barnabé NekuieDidace Nyirinkwaya Etienne Mutabazi
 
Denis Mabura Malien HabyarimanaAndré Nteziriraza
 International Criminal Tribunal for RwandaTribunal pénal international pour le Rwanda
UNITED NATIONSNATIONS UNIES
 
Prosecutor v. Yussuf Munyakazi,
Case No. ICTR-97-36A-T, 5 July 2010Judgement and Sentence i
 
TABLE OF CONTENTSCHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................... 1
 1. Overview ....................................................................................................... 12. Allegations Not Pursued by the Prosecution ................................................. 43. Yussuf Munyakazi ......................................................................................... 5 
CHAPTER II: FACTUAL FINDINGS .................................................................................. 6
 1. Introduction ................................................................................................... 62. Alibi ............................................................................................................... 63. Munyakazi as Leader of the Bugarama
 Interahamwe
................................. 134. Recruitment and Training of the Bugarama
 Interahamwe
.......................... 325. Stored Weapons and Armed the Bugarama
 Interahamwe
.......................... 406. Food and Transportation ............................................................................. 477. Attack on Nyamasheke Parish, 16 April 1994 ............................................ 588. Attack on Shangi Parish, 29 April 1994. ..................................................... 689. Attack on Mibilizi Parish, 30 April 1994 .................................................... 81 
CHAPTER III: LEGAL FINDINGS ................................................................................... 90
 1.Criminal Responsibility ........................................................................................................ 901.1 Article 6 (1) of the Statute ........................................................................... 901.1.1 Planning, Instigating, Committing, Ordering, Aiding and Abetting ........... 901.1.2 Joint Criminal Enterprise ............................................................................. 92 
2. Genocide (Counts 1 And 2) ............................................................................................. 105
 2.1 Law ............................................................................................................ 1052.2 Application ................................................................................................ 1062.3 Conclusion ................................................................................................. 107 
3. Crimes Against Humanity (Count 3) ............................................................................. 107
 3.1 Widespread and Systematic Attack ........................................................... 1073.2 Extermination ............................................................................................ 1073.3 Application ................................................................................................ 1083.4 Conclusion ................................................................................................. 108 
 
Prosecutor v. Yussuf Munyakazi,
Case No. ICTR-97-36A-T, 5 July 2010Judgement and Sentence ii
CHAPTER IV: VERDICT .................................................................................................. 109 CHAPTER V: SENTENCING ....................................................................................... 110
 1. Introduction ............................................................................................... 1101.1 Submissions ............................................................................................... 1101.2 Deliberations ............................................................................................. 111
1.2.1
 
Gravity of the Offence
................................................................................ 111
1.2.2
 
 Individual, Aggravating and Mitigating Circumstances
........................... 112
1.2.3
 
Conclusion
................................................................................................. 1121.3 Consequential Orders .................................................................................................. 113 
ANNEX A:
 
PROCEDURAL HISTORY ................................................................... 114
 1. Pre-Trial Proceedings ................................................................................ 1142. Prosecution Case ....................................................................................... 1153. Defence Case ............................................................................................. 1154. Further Proceedings ................................................................................... 116 
ANNEX B: CITED MATERIALS AND DEFINED TERMS ................................. 117
 1. Jurisprudence ............................................................................................. 117a. ICTR .......................................................................................................... 117b. ICTY .......................................................................................................... 1212. Defined Terms and Abbreviations ............................................................ 124 
ANNEX C: INDICTMENT ................................................................................................. 126
 

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