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Experiments
1.1 Examples
1.1.1 Spinning a Penny
1.1.2 The Speed of Light
1.1.3 Termite Foraging Behavior
1.2 Randomization
1.4 Games of Chance
1.5 Exercises
Mathematical Preliminaries
2.1 Sets
2.2 Counting
2.3 Functions
2.4 Limits
2.5 Exercises
Probability
3.1 Interpretations of Probability
3.2 Axioms of Probability
3.3 Finite Sample Spaces
3.4 Conditional Probability
3.5 Random Variables
3.7 Exercises
Discrete Random Variables
4.1 Basic Concepts
4.2 Examples
4.3 Expectation
4.4 Binomial Distributions
4.5 Exercises
5.1 A Motivating Example
5.2 Basic Concepts
5.3 Elementary Examples
5.4 Normal Distributions
5.5 Normal Sampling Distributions
5.6 Exercises
6.1 Symmetry
6.2 Quantiles
6.2.1 The Median of a Population
6.2.2 The Interquartile Range of a Population
6.3 The Method of Least Squares
6.3.1 The Mean of a Population
6.3.2 The Standard Deviation of a Population
6.4 Exercises
7.1 The Plug-In Principle
7.2. PLUG-IN ESTIMATES OF MEAN AND VARIANCE 161
7.2 Plug-In Estimates of Mean and Variance
7.3 Plug-In Estimates of Quantiles
7.3.1 Box Plots
7.3.2 Normal Probability Plots
7.4 Density Estimates
7.5 Exercises
Lots of Data
8.1 Averaging Decreases Variation
8.2 The Weak Law of Large Numbers
8.3 The Central Limit Theorem
8.4 Exercises
Inference
9.1 A Motivating Example
9.2 Point Estimation
9.2.1 Estimating a Population Mean
9.2.2 Estimating a Population Variance
9.3 Heuristics of Hypothesis Testing
9.4 Testing Hypotheses About a Population Mean
9.4.1 One-Sided Hypotheses
9.4.2 Formulating Suitable Hypotheses
9.4.3 Statistical Signiﬁcance and Material Signiﬁcance
9.5 Set Estimation
9.5.1 Sample Size
9.5.2 One-Sided Conﬁdence Intervals
9.6 Exercises
1-Sample Location Problems
10.1 The Normal 1-Sample Location Problem
10.1.1 Point Estimation
10.1.2 Hypothesis Testing
10.1.3 Interval Estimation
10.2. THE GENERAL 1-SAMPLE LOCATION PROBLEM 237
10.2 The General 1-Sample Location Problem
10.2.1 Hypothesis Testing
10.2.2 Point Estimation
10.2.3 Interval Estimation
10.3 The Symmetric 1-Sample Location Problem
10.4 A Case Study from Neuropsychology
10.5 Exercises
2-Sample Location Problems
11.1. THE NORMAL 2-SAMPLE LOCATION PROBLEM 251
11.1 The Normal 2-Sample Location Problem
11.1.1 Known Variances
11.1.2 Unknown Common Variance
11.1.3 Unknown Variances
11.2 The Case of a General Shift Family
11.3 The Symmetric Behrens-Fisher Problem
11.4 Exercises
k-Sample Location Problems
12.1 The Case of a Normal Shift Family
12.1.1 The Fundamental Null Hypothesis
12.1.2 Testing the Fundamental Null Hypothesis
12.1.3 Planned Comparisons
12.1.4 Post Hoc Comparisons
12.2 The Case of a General Shift Family
12.2.1 The Kruskal-Wallis Test
12.3 The Behrens-Fisher Problem
12.4 Exercises
Association
13.1 Categorical Random Variables
13.2 Normal Random Variables
13.2.1 Bivariate Normal Distributions
13.2.2 Bivariate Normal Samples
13.3 Monotonic Association
13.5 Exercises
Simple Linear Regression
14.1 The Regression Line
14.2 The Method of Least Squares
14.3 Computation
14.4 The Simple Linear Regression Model
14.6 Exercises
Simulation-Based Inference
R.1 Introduction
R.1.1 What is R?
R.1.2 Why Use R?
R.1.3 Installing R
R.2 Using R
R.2.1 Vectors
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An Introduction to Statistical Inference and Its Applications

# An Introduction to Statistical Inference and Its Applications

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11/17/2012

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