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Apollo Experience Report Protection Against Radiation

Apollo Experience Report Protection Against Radiation

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Published by Bob Andrepont
NASA Apollo Experience Report on protection against radiation in space.
NASA Apollo Experience Report on protection against radiation in space.

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Published by: Bob Andrepont on Jan 16, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/24/2012

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cmn
A
NASA
TN
D-70p
APOLLO EXPERIENCE REPORT
-
PROTECTION AGAINST RADIATION
by
Robert
A,
Etzglisb,
Ricburd
E.
Bensotz,
J.
Vernon
Builey,
m2d
Clburles
M.
Barnes
Mumzed
S’acecrufi
Ceizter
Houston,
Texus
77058
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION WASHINGTON,
D.
C.
MARCH
1973
 
1. Report No.
NASA TN D-7080APOLLOEXPERIENCEREPORTPROTECTION AGAINST RADIATION
2. Government Accession
No.
3.
Recipient's Catalog No.
7.
Author(s.1
Robert
A.
English, Kelsey-Seybold Clinic, Richard
E.
Benson,
J.
Vernon Bailev, and Charles M. Barnes.
MSC
19.
Security Massif. (of this report)
None
9.
F'erforming Organization Name and Address
Manned Spacecraft CenterHouston, Texas
77058
20. Security Classif. (of this
page)
21. NO. of Pages22. Rice
19
$3.00
None
8.
Performing Organization Report No.
1
MSC
S-329
10. Work Unit No.
9
14-
0-95- 6- 2
11.
Contract or Grant No.
I
13. Type of Report and Period Covered2. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address
Technical NoteNational Aeronautics and Space AdministrationWashington, D. C.
20546
14. Sponsoring Agency
Code
I
5.
Supplementary Notes
The MSC Director waived
the
use of
the
International System of Units
(SI)
for thisApollo Experience Report because, in
his
judgment, the use of
SI
units would impairthe usefulness of the report or
result
in excessive cost.
~~
16.
Abstract
Radiation protection problems on
earth
and
in
space
are
discussed. Flight through the Van Allen
belts
and into space beyond
the
geomagnetic shielding was recognized
as
hazardous before
the
advent of manned space flight. Specialized dosimetry systems were developed for use on
the
Apollo spacecraft, and systems for solar-particle-event warning and dose projection
were
de-vised. Radiation sources of manmade origin on board
the
Apollo spacecraft present additionalproblems. Methods applied to evaluate and control or avoid
the
various Apollo radiation hazards
are
discussed.
17.
Key
Words (Suggested by Author(s)l
18.
Distribution Statement
Lunar
Radiation
'
Van Allen Belt
'
Apollo Radiation
.
Space Dosimetry
'
Radiation Protection
*
For
sale
by
the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Virginia 22151
 
CONTENTSSectionSUMMARY
................................
INTRODUCTION
.............................
PROBLEMS RELATING TO THE SPACE RADIATION ENVIRONMENTVan Allen Belts
........................
Solar
.
article Events
....................
Cosmic Rays
..........................
Neutrons
...........................
OVERALL RADIATION SPECTRUM
..............
PROBLEMS INVOLVING RADIATIONS OF MANMADE ORIGINRadioluminescent Switch Tips
................
Radioluminescent Panels
..................
Radioluminescent Lighting
.................
CONCLUDING REMARKS
....................
REFERENCES
..........................
BIBLIOGRAPHY
.........................
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APPENDIX
.
OLAR-PARTICLE-MONITORING NETWORK SYSTEM
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