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Apollo Experience Report the Role of Flight Mission Rules in Mission Preparation and Conduct

Apollo Experience Report the Role of Flight Mission Rules in Mission Preparation and Conduct

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Published by Bob Andrepont
NASA Apollo Experience Report on the development of flight mission rules for the Apollo Program.
NASA Apollo Experience Report on the development of flight mission rules for the Apollo Program.

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Published by: Bob Andrepont on Jan 16, 2011
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01/16/2011

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NASA
TECHNICAL
NOTE
NASA
TN
0-7822
N
cv
00
h
d
z
c
4
&&
4
z
C
APOLLO EXPERIENCE REPORT
-
THE
ROLE
OF
FLIGHT MISSION RULES
IN
MISSION PREPARATION
AND
CONDUCT
by
Ldry
W.
Kyser
Lyndon
B.
Johnson
Space
Center
Houstor-2,
Texas
77058
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION WASHINGTON, D.
C.
NOVEMBER
1974
 
1.
Re rt
No.
2.
Government Accession No.
NrSA TN D-7822
3.
Recipient's Catalog
No.
National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationWashington,
D.
C. 20546
1.
Title and Subtitle
APOLLO EXPERIENCE REPORTTHE ROLE OF FLIGHT MISSION RULESIN MISSION PREPARATION AND CONDUCT
7.
Authorb)
Larry
W.
Keyser
9.
Performing Organization Name and Address
Lyndon
B.
Johnson Space CenterHouston, Texas 77058
2.
Sponsoring Agency Name and Address
14.
Sponsoring Agency Code
I
5.
Report Date
November 1974
6.
Performing Organization Code
8.
Performing Organization Report
No.
JSC S-417
10.
Work Unit No.
640-89-00-00-72
11.
Contract or Grant
No.
13.
Type of Report and PeriodCovered
Technical Note
5.
Supplementary Notes
19.
Security Classif.
(of
this report)
Unc
la
s
sif
i
ed
20.
Security Classif. (of
this
page)
Unclassified
6.
Abstract
This report describes the development of flight mission rules from the mission developmentphase through the detailed mission-planning phase and through the testing and training phase.The procedure for review of the rules and the coordination requirements for mission-ruledevelopment are presented. The application of the rules to real-time decisionmaking
is
outlined, and consideration
is
given to the benefit of training ground controllers andflightcrews in the methods of determining the best response to a nonnominal in-flightsituation for which no action has been preplanned. The Flight Mission Rules document
is
discussed in terms of the purpose and objective thereof and in terms of the definition, thedevelopment, and the use of mission rules.
21.
NO.
of Pages
22.
Price
10
$3.00
7.
Key Words (Suggested by Author(s))
18.
Distribution Statement
'
Flight Rules
'
Mission Operations
*
Mission PlanningSTAR Subject Category:
31
 
APOLLO EXPERIENCE REPORTTHE ROLE
OF
FLIGHT MISSION RULES
IN
MISSION PREPARATION AND CONDUCTBy Larry
W.
KeyserLyndon B. Johnson Space CenterSUMMARY
The premission preparation of flight mission
rules
delineates responsibility andauthority for the operational conduct of
a
mission. Because mission success and crewsafety often are dependent on clear instructions and precise actions, the questions ofwho has the authority to act and what the action
is
to be must be reso€ved before themission, whenever possible. The lack of immediate action, when required, because
of
undefined responsibilities or authority, can be just
as
disastrous
as
the wrong action.The effect of flight mission rules
was
to enable prompt and accurate preplanned actionto be taken
for
80 percent of the in-flight failures that occurred during the ApolloProgram.Premission coordination of mission rules helps management to observe thedevelopment of the planned execution of the mission and to monitor the methods ofoperation from mission to mission to ensure continuity of operational philosophybetween missions. The documentation of responses
(as
many
as
are
practical) toabnormal in-flight situations
is
a
good operational practice because
it
forces the entiremission-planning team to coordinate the various efforts. Premission coordination ofmission rules also facilitates the training of ground controllers and flightcrews in themethods of determining the best response to
a
nonnominal in-flight situation for whichan action has not been preplanned.
I
NTRODUCTI ON
Flight controllers accomplished the operational execution of the flight phase ofthe Apollo Program. The most important task of flight control
was
being prepared tomake correct real-time decisions consistent with crew safety, mission-objectivepriorities
,
and mission-operations/ hardware-performance constraints. Sometimesthese decisions were made in time-critical situations in which there
was
no time toreview possible actions
-
nly time to respond. The action based on these decisionsranged from
a
spacecraft switch reconfiguration or
a
small change in the Flight Planto an immediate termination of the mission.
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