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World Nuclear Industry Status Report 2009

World Nuclear Industry Status Report 2009

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Published by Pablo Chan
Provides the reader with the basic quantitative and qualitative facts on the nuclear power plants in operation, under construction and in planning phases throughout the world. A detailed overview assesses the economic performance of past and current nuclear projects.
Provides the reader with the basic quantitative and qualitative facts on the nuclear power plants in operation, under construction and in planning phases throughout the world. A detailed overview assesses the economic performance of past and current nuclear projects.

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Published by: Pablo Chan on Jan 16, 2011
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09/19/2013

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 The World Nuclear Industry Status Report 2009
With Particular Emphasis on Economic Issues
By
Mycle Schneider
Independent Consultant, Mycle Schneider Consulting, Paris (France)
 Project Coordinator 
Steve Thomas
Professor for Energy Policy, Greenwich University (UK)
Antony Froggatt
Independent Consultant, London (UK)
Doug Koplow
Director of Earth Track, Cambridge (USA)
Modeling and Additional Graphic Design
Julie Hazemann
Director of EnerWebWatch, Paris (France)
Paris, August 2009
Commissioned by
German Federal Ministry of Environment, Nature Conservation and Reactor Safety
(Contract n° UM0901290)
 
 
M. Schneider, S. Thomas, A. Froggatt, D. Koplow World Nuclear Industry Status Report 2009
 
2
 
 About the Authors
Mycle Schneider
is an independent international consultant on energy and nuclear policy based inParis. He founded the Energy Information Agency WISE-Paris in 1983 and directed it until 2003.Since 1997 he has provided information and consulting services to the Belgian Energy Minister,the French and German Environment Ministries, the International Atomic Energy Agency,Greenpeace, the International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, the Worldwide Fundfor Nature, the European Commission, the European Parliament's Scientific and TechnologicalOption Assessment Panel and its General Directorate for Research, the Oxford Research Group,and the French Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety. Since 2004 he has been incharge of the Environment and Energy Strategies lecture series for the International MSc in ProjectManagement for Environmental and Energy Engineering Program at the French Ecole des Mines in Nantes. In 1997, along with Japan's Jinzaburo Takagi, he received the Right Livelihood Award,
also known as the ―Alternative Nobel Prize‖.
 
Antony Froggatt
works as independent European energy consultant based in London.Since 1997 Antony has worked as a freelance researcher and writer on energy and nuclear policyissues in the EU and neighboring states. He has worked extensively on EU energy issues for European Governments, the European Commission and Parliament, environmental NGOs,commercial bodies and media. He has given evidence to inquiries and hearings in the Parliamentsof Austria, Germany and the EU. He is a part time senior research fellow at the Royal Institute of International Affairs
 – 
Chatham House in London.Mr. Froggatt works intensively with environmental groups across Europe, particularly on energymarkets and policy and helped to establish a network on energy efficiency. He is a regular speaker at conferences, universities and training programs across the region.Prior to working freelance Antony worked for nine years as a nuclear campaigner and co-coordinator for Greenpeace International.
Steve Thomas
is Professor for energy policy at the Public Services International Research Unit(PSIRU), University of Greenwich, where he has been senior researcher since 2001.Mr. Thomas holds a BSc (honors) degree in Chemistry from Bristol University and has beenworking in energy policy analysis since 1976. His main research interests are reforms of energyindustries, economics and policy towards nuclear power, and corporate policies of energy industrycompanies. Recent clients include Public Services International, the European Federation of PublicService Unions, the Nonproliferation Policy Education Center (USA), Energywatch (UK) andGreenpeace International.
Doug Koplow
founded Earth Track in 1999 to more effectively integrate information on energysubsidies. For the past 20 years, Mr. Koplow has written extensively on natural resource subsidiesfor organizations such as the Global Subsidies Initiative, the National Commission on EnergyPolicy, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, the United NationsEnvironment Programme (UNEP), Greenpeace, the Alliance to Save Energy, and the USEnvironmental Protection Agency. He has analyzed numerous government programs and madeimportant developments in subsidy valuation techniques.Mr. Koplow holds an MBA from the Harvard Graduate School of Business Administration and aBA in economics from Wesleyan University.
Contacts
Mycle Schneider Phone: +33-1-69 83 23 79Email: 
 Antony FroggattPh: +44-20-79 23 04 12E: 
 Steve ThomasPh: +44-208 331 9056E: 
 Doug KoplowPh: +1-617-661 4700
E: 
 
M. Schneider, S. Thomas, A. Froggatt, D. Koplow World Nuclear Industry Status Report 2009
 
3
 
Contents
Executive Summary and Conclusions ............................................................................... 5I. Introduction ...................................................................................................................... 8II. General Overview Worldwide ...................................................................................... 8
II.1. Overview of Operation, Power Generation, Age Distribution ......................................... 9
 
II.2. International Nuclear Expansion Scenarios .................................................................... 12
 
II.3. Overview of Current New-build ....................................................................................... 14
 
II.4. Overview of Potential Newcomer Countries .................................................................... 21
 
II.5. Status and Trends in Nuclear Manufacturing Capacities .............................................. 27
 
II.6. Status and Trends in Nuclear Competence ...................................................................... 30
 
III. Economic Analysis ...................................................................................................... 40
III.1. Introduction....................................................................................................................... 40
 III.1.1. Problems of estimating and comparing nuclear costs .................................................. 41III.1.2. Generation III+ plants .................................................................................................. 42
III.2. The Determinants of Nuclear Economics ....................................................................... 44
 
III.3. Fixed Costs ........................................................................................................................ 45
 III.3.1. Construction costs ........................................................................................................ 45III.3.2. Operating costs ............................................................................................................. 61III.3.3. Decommissioning costs ................................................................................................ 63III.3.4. Lifetime ........................................................................................................................ 63
III.4. Implications for Existing and Future Reactors .............................................................. 64
 III.4.1. Existing reactors ........................................................................................................... 65III.4.2. Reactors under construction ......................................................................................... 65III.4.3. Reactors on which construction has stopped ................................................................ 66III.4.4. Future orders ................................................................................................................. 66
III.5. Nuclear Liability Issues .................................................................................................... 67
 
III.6. The Subsidy Issue ............................................................................................................. 70
 III.6.1. Overview of subsidies to nuclear energy ...................................................................... 70III.6.2. Common forms of support around the world ............................................................... 71III.6.3. Subsidies to existing reactors in the USA .................................................................... 76
III.6.4. Subsidies to the UK‘s Existing Nuclear Power Plants
................................................. 81III.6.5. The Future .................................................................................................................... 88
IV. Overview by Region and Country ............................................................................. 88
 IV.1. Africa .................................................................................................................................. 88
 
IV.2. Americas ............................................................................................................................ 89
 
IV.3. Asia ..................................................................................................................................... 93
 
IV.4. Europe ................................................................................................................................ 98
 IV.4.1. Nuclear Power in Western Europe ............................................................................... 99IV.4.2. Nuclear Power in Central and Eastern Europe ........................................................... 108
IV.5. Russia and the Former Soviet Union ............................................................................. 111
 
Annex 1: Status of Nuclear Power in the World (1
st
August 2009) ............................ 114
 
Annex 2: Nuclear Reactors in the World Listed as ―Under Construction‖ (1
st
 August 2009) .................................................................................................................... 115
 
Annex 3: Potential Nuclear Newcomer Countries, Research Reactors and Grid Size........................................................................................................................................... 117
 
Annex 4: Timetable of Events at Olkiluoto-3
(according to Nucleonics Week)
.......... 118
 

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