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informaciuli menejmenti-leqciebad

informaciuli menejmenti-leqciebad

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Published by: g2525 on Jan 16, 2011
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11/06/2012

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Sesavali informaciul menejmentSi
(Дж. Лодон, Л. Лодон – Управление Информационными Системами)
leqcia 1 (rigiTi #1)
ukanasknel wlebSi SeiniSneba transformaciebi, romlebic moxda sawarmoebSimTels msoflioSi, romelTa Sedegi iyo am sawarmoebis gardaqmnakiberkorporaciebSi. aseT firmebSi gamoiyeneba interneti da qseluri teqnologiebi,ris Sedegadac miiRweva sawarmos sxvadsxva ganyofilebebs Soris monacemebisnakadebis uwyveti momocvla, Cqardeba warmoebis procesi, iqmneba eleqtronulikavSirebi momxmareblebTan, momwodeblebTan da sxva sawarmoebTan.yvela kompaniebi, rogorc didebi, ise patarebi, sul ufro metad iyenebeninformaciul sistemebs, qselebs, internet-teqnologiebs Tavisi biznesis eleqtronuliformiT sawarmoeblad, ris safuZvelzedac aRweven efeqturobisa dakonkurentunarianobis axal doneebs. cxadia, biznesis axal struqturas Seaqvscvlilebebi sawarmoebis organizaciul da mmarTvelobiT struqturebSi.
1.1
ratom informaciuli menejmenti da informaciuli sistemebi?
dResdReobiT sayovelTaoTaa cnobili, rom informaciuli sistemebis gamoyenebiscodna mniSvnelovania menejerebisaTvis, radgan sawarmoebis umravlesobas essistemebi Wirdeba gadarCenisaTvisa da Semdgomi ganviTarebisaTvis. informaciulisistemebis gamoyenebas SeuZlia daexmaros kompaniebs gaafarToon Tavisisaqmianoba axal bazrebze, SesTavazon momxmareblebs axali saqoneli damomsaxureba, Secvalon warmoebis mimdinareoba da saWiroebis SemTxvevaSiZireulad Secvalon meTodebi, romelTa gamoyenebiTac warmoebs biznesi.
konkurentuli biznes-garemo da kiberkorporaciebis gamoCena
bolo dros momxdarma oTxma Zireulma cvlilebam ganapiroba biznes-garemostransformacia. pirveli cvlilebis arsi mdgomareobs globaluri ekonomikis gaCenasada misi poziciebis gamyarebaSi. meore cvlilebaa industriuli ekonomikisa dasazogadoebis transformacia codnasa da informaciaze damyarebul ekonomikaSi.mesame cvlilebaa – TviT sawarmoebis aseTive transformacia. meoTxe cvlilebaa –kiberkorporaciebis gamoCena. am cvlilebebis CamonaTvali, romlebic exebianbiznesis struqturasa da bunebas, mocemulia cxril 1.1-Si:
cxrili 1.1
cvlilebebi, romlebic Seexo konkurentul biznes-garemosglobaluri ekonomikis gaCena
marTva da kontroli globalur globaluri samuSao jgufebibazrebzekonkurencia msoflio bazrebzeproduqciis miwodebebis globalurisistemebi
industriuli ekonomikis transformacia
codnasa da informaciaze damyarebulisawarmoo ciklis Semcirebaekonomikaaxali saqoneli da mosaxurebaturbulenturi garemocodna – gadamwyveti sawarmoo dastrategiuli resursidrois faqtorze damyarebulikonkurencia
sawarmoebis transformaciebi
marTvis doneebis Semcireba operaciebis Sesrulebisa dakoordinaciis mcire danaxarjebi
 
decentralizaciauflebamosilebebis gadacemamoqnilobaTanamSromloba da muSaoba jgufSiganTavsebisagan damoukidebloba
kiberkorporaciebis gamoCena
SemkveTebTan, momwodeblebTan daZiriTadi korporatiuli resursebis TanamSromlebTan kompiuterizirebulikompiuterizirebuli marTvakavSirebiZiriTadi biznes-procesebi qselebisswrafi aRqma da reagirebagamoyenebiTmoyvanil cvlilebebTan dakavSirebiT gaCnda rigi axali problemebisa,romlebic dadga sxvadasxva firmebis personalisa da, gansakuTrebiT,menejerebis winaSe.
globaluri ekonomikis gaCena
SeerTebul Statebis, aseve evropisa da aziis ganviTarebuli ekonomikebis sxva sulufro da ufro meti sawarmo, aris damokidebuli saimpirto-saeqsporto operaciebze.firmis warmateba rogorc dRes, ise miTumetes momavalSi, damokidebulia misunarze imoqmedos globaluri masStabiT.dResdReobiT informaciuli sistemebi uzrunvelyofen sakomunikacio da analitikuriZlierebis im dones, romelic aucilebelia firmebisaTvis msoflio masStabiT savaWrokontaqtebisa da biznesis marTvis ganxorcielebisaTvis. globaluri ganStoebulikorporaciis marTva –kavSirebi distributorebTan da momwodeblebTan, muSaobadReRameSi 24 saaTis ganmavlobaSi sxvadasxva nacionalur garemoSi, adgilobrivida saerTaSoriso angariSgeba - es aris biznesis mTavari piroba, romelic moiTxovsadekvaturi simZlavris informaciuli sistemis arsebobas.globalizacia da informaciuli teqnologiebi aseve ganapirobeben axali tendenciebisgaCenas adgilobriv firmebSi. globaluri komunikaciuri da marTvis sistemebissaSualebiT momxmareblebs axla SeuZliaT SeZena ganaxorcielon bazarze,romelzec warmodgenilia mTeli msoflios firmebi, Rebuloben ra mniSvnelovan daxarisxian informacias 24 saaTis ganmavlobaSi. raTa gaxde saerTaSoriso bazriskonkurentunariani monawile, firmas Wirdeba mZlavri informaciuli da komunikaciurisistemebi.
industriuli ekonomikis transformacia
ganviTarebuli samrewvelo qveynebis ekonomika transformirdeba. amasTanindustriuli ekonomika gardaiqmneba ekonomikaSi, romelic dafuZnebulia codnasada informaciaze, maSin rodesac TviT saqonlis warmoebis gadatana xdebanaklebad ganviTarebul qveynebSi. codnasa da informaciaze dafuZnebulekonimikaSi es ukanasknelni warmoadgenen simdidris SeqmnaSi ZiriTadkomponentebs.informaciuli da samecniero revolucia daiwyo wina saukuneSi da TandaTan ufroCqardeba. 1976 wels `TeTri sayeloebis~ raodenobam, romlebic dakavebuli iyvnenofisSi, gadaaWarba fermebis, momsaxurebis sferos da uSualod warmoebaSidakavebuli `lurji sayeloebis~ raodenobas. dRes ukve adamianebis didi nawilimuSaobs ara fermebsa da fabrikebSi, aramed vaWrobis, ganaTlebis, janmrTelobisdacvis sferoebSi, bankebSi, sadazRvevo kompaniebsa da saadvokato firmebSi.bevri dakavebulia aseve damxmare biznes-funqciebis: kopirebis, kompiuteruliprogramirebis, adgilze mitanis sferoSi. magaliTad, faqtiurad codnisa da informaciissfero Seadgens a.S.S.-s mTliani nacionaluri produqtis 60%-s, xolo masSidakavebulTa ricxvi mTeli samuSao Zalis 55%-s.
 
samuSa Zalis struqturis cvlileba (1900-1997 w.w.)
0102030405060701900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1997
wlebi
  m   T  e   l   i  s  a  m  u   S  a  o   Z  a   l   i  s  r  a  o   d  e  n  o   b   i  s   %
momsaxur ebi s sf er o`TeTr i sayel oebi ~`l ur j i sayel oebi ~sof l i s meur neoba
codna da informacia xdeba mravali axali momsaxurebis da saqonlis safuZveli.isini mecniereba- da informaciatevadi saqonelia. Cveulebrivi saqonlis warmoebaSicki codna ufro intensiurad gamoiyeneba. amis magaliTia saavtomobolo industria,sadac rogorc proeqtireba, ise warmoeba mniSvnelovnadaa damokidebuligamoyenebul samecniero miRwevebze da informaciul teqnologiebze. didiekonomikuri fasis mqone mecnierebatevadi saqoneli da momsaxureba rogoricaasakredito baraTebis gamoyeneba, swrafi mitana adgilze, rezervirebis msofliosistema, mTlianad emyareba axal informaciul teqnologiebs. investiciebmainformaciul teqnologiebSi Seadgina mTeli investirebuli kapitalis 70% iseT dargebSi,rogoricaa finansebi, dazRveva, uZravi qoneba.mrewvelobis yvela dargSi informacia da teqnologiebi, romlebic uzrunvelyofenmis funqcionirebas, gaxdnen kritikuli, strategiuli dabandebebi sawarmoebisa damaTi menejerebisaTvis. informaciuli menejmenti da misi sistemebi saWiroainformaciuli nakadebis da codnis otimizaciisaTvis sawarmos SigniT da emsaxurebafirmis codnis maragebis maqsimalur zrdas. radgan mosamsaxureebismwarmoebluroba damokidebuli iqneba maT mier informaciuli sistemebisgamoyenebis xarisxze, informaciuli teqnologiebis safuZvelze damyarebulimenejmentis gadawyvetilebebi kritikulad mniSvnelovania firmis gadarCenisa dawarmatebulobisaTvis.
sawarmoebis transformacia
aq igulisxmeba sawarmoebis SesaZleblobebisa da marTvis transformacia. Tradiciuli sawarmo iyo da rCeba specialistebis ierarqiul, centralizebul,struqturirebul warmonaqmnad, romelic iyenebs standartul operaciebs produqciismasobrivi warmoebisaTvis an momsaxurebis gawevisaTvis. axali tipissawarmosaTvis damaxasiaTebelia naklebi ierarqiuloba, decentralizacia, moqnilimenejmenti, romelic emyareba myisierad miRebad informacias masiurad SekveTilisaqonlisa da momsaxurebis misawodeblad, romlebic unikaluri saxiT nawildebaspecifikur bazrebze da momxmareblebs Soris.tradiciuli marTva emyareboda formalur gegmebs, Sromis mkacr ganawilebas,aseve formalur wesebs. axali tipis menejeri emyareba araformalur urTierTobebs dawinaswar gansazRvruli miznebis qsels, brZanebebisa da adamianebis moqnilorganizacias, da momxmarebelze orientacias TanamSromlebis urTierTqmedebiskoordinaciis misaRwevad. axali tipis menejeri mimarTavs codnas, Seswavlas dagadawyvetilebis miRebas, romelic calkeul TanamSromelebs aiZulebs uzrunvelyon

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