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Ministry for Public Works, Transportation and CommunicationsBureau of Mines and Energy Electricity of Haiti
(With the technical assistance of the International Atomic Energy Agency)
Haiti Energy Sector Development Plan2007 - 2017
* This document was prepared by Ministry for Public Works, Transportation and Communications -Bureau of Mines and Energy, and Electricity of Haiti. The IAEA’s role was to provide overall co-ordination and guidance throughout the conduct of the study, and to guarantee that adequate training inthe use of IAEA energy planning models was provided to the members of the Haitian national team.
November 2006
i
 
 TABLE OF CONTENTS
ABSTRACT..........................................................................................................................................IV
 
PREFACE................................................................................................................................................1
 
1
 
COUNTRY OVERVIEW...............................................................................................................2
 
2
 
PRESENT STATUS OF THE HAITIAN ENERGY SECTOR.................................................2
 2.1 P
RESENT FINAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION BY ENERGY FORM AND BY SECTOR
...............................22.2 P
RESENT STATUS OF ENERGY SUPPLY SUBSECTORS
....................................................................3
Fuel wood and charcoal, deforestation............................................................................................3
 
Petroleum products...........................................................................................................................4
 
 LPG : Liquefied Petroleum Gas .......................................................................................................5
 
Coal/Lignite ......................................................................................................................................5
 
 Domestic oil and coal exploration (institutional aspects)................................................................5
 2.3 E
LECTRICITY
..............................................................................................................................5
 Electricity generation system............................................................................................................5
 
 Electrical networks ...........................................................................................................................6 
 
Technical and non-technical electricity losses.................................................................................7 
 
 Illegal consumption of electricity in households...............................................................................7 
 
 Hydro potential.................................................................................................................................9
 
Wind energy......................................................................................................................................9
 
Solar energy......................................................................................................................................9
 2.4 M
UNICIPAL SOLID WASTE ENERGY
.............................................................................................92.5 O
THER LOCAL ENERGY RESOURCES
.........................................................................................10
3
 
KEY ISSUES INVOLVING THE HAITI ENERGY SECTOR...............................................10
 3.1 F
IREWOOD AND CHARCOAL
......................................................................................................103.2 O
IL AND GAS SECTOR
...............................................................................................................103.3 C
OAL
(
LIGNITE
)
DEPOSIT
..........................................................................................................113.4 E
LECTRICITY SECTOR
...............................................................................................................113.5 W
IND ENERGY
..........................................................................................................................113.6 S
OLAR ENERGY
........................................................................................................................113.7 M
UNICIPAL SOLID WASTE ENERGY
...........................................................................................113.8 B
AGASSE
..................................................................................................................................11
4
 
FUTURE ENERGY NEEDS AND SUPPLY OPTIONS..........................................................11
 4.1 F
INAL ENERGY DEMAND FORECAST BY ENERGY FORM AND BY SECTOR
...................................114.2 E
NERGY SUPPLY SECTOR DEVELOPMENT OPTIONS
...................................................................12
Fuel wood and charcoal, energy substitution to avoid further deforestation.................................12
 
 Energetic forests .............................................................................................................................14
 
 Energetic crops...............................................................................................................................14
 
Petroleum products.........................................................................................................................15
 
 Domestic lignite production............................................................................................................15
 4.3 E
LECTRICITY
............................................................................................................................15
Generation system expansion until 2015........................................................................................15
 
Systematic provision of resources for power generation................................................................21
 
Transmission and distribution network ..........................................................................................21
 
Systematic maintenance of capacities.............................................................................................21
 
Periodic study on electric system development...............................................................................21
 
 Electricity commercialisation.........................................................................................................21
 
 New legal framework......................................................................................................................22
 ii
 
 Logistic and human resources........................................................................................................22
 4.4 W
IND ENERGY
..........................................................................................................................224.5 S
OLAR ENERGY
........................................................................................................................234.6 M
UNICIPAL SOLID WASTE ENERGY
...........................................................................................23
5
 
OBJECTIVES OF THE ENERGY POLICY OF THE HAITIAN GOVERNMENT...........23
 
6
 
ENERGY SECTOR REFORM...................................................................................................24
 
7
 
ENERGY SECTOR DEVELOPMENT PLAN..........................................................................26
 
8
 
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS....................................................................30
 
9
 
REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................31
 
10
 
APPENDICES...........................................................................................................................32
 iii

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