The sun and stars are seemingly inexhaustible sources of energy. That energy is theresult of nuclear reactions, in which matter is converted to energy. We have been able toharness that mechanism and regularly use it to generate power. Presently, nuclear energy provides for approximately 16% of the world's electricity. Unlike the stars, thenuclear reactors that we have today work on the principle of nuclear fission. Scientistsare working like madmen to make fusion reactors which have the potential of providing more energy with fewer disadvantages than fission reactors.
Nuclear power is generated using Uranium, which is a metal mined in various parts of the world.The first large-scale nuclear power station opened at Calder Hall in Cumbria, England, in 1956.Some military ships and submarines have nuclear power plants for engines. Nuclear power produces around 11% of the world's energy needs, and produces hugeamounts of energy from small amounts of fuel, without the pollution that you'd get from burning fossil fuels.Changes can occur in the structure of the nuclei of atoms. These changes arecalled
. Energy created in a nuclear reaction is called
. Nuclear energy is produced naturally and in man-made operations under humancontrol.
Some nuclear energy is produced naturally. For example, theSun and other stars make heat and light by nuclear reactions.