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One in 100: Behind Bars in America 2008

One in 100: Behind Bars in America 2008

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Published by Bryan Mack McCann
By Pew Center on the States
By Pew Center on the States

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Bryan Mack McCann on Jan 17, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/12/2011

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One in100:
Behind Bars in America 2008
 
The Pew Charitable Trusts is driven by the power of knowledge to solve today’s mostchallenging problems. Pew applies a rigorous, analytical approach to improve public policy,inform the public and stimulate civic life. We partner with a diverse range of donors,public and private organizations and concerned citizens who share our commitment tofact-based solutions and goal-driven investments to improve society.
 
Public Safety Performance Project
1
Table of Contents
About this Report....................................................................................................................................................2Executive Summary.................................................................................................................................................3
ASnapshot of Prison Growth
.....................................................................................................................51in 100 Adults Behind Bars......................................................................................................................5State Trends Vary Widely..........................................................................................................................7Florida: A Case Study in Growth..............................................................................................................9
The Costs – High and Climbing Fast
.....................................................................................................11California: $8.8 Billion and Growing......................................................................................................11Health Care, Geriatrics Drive Costs........................................................................................................12Staff Vacancies, Overtime Spike...............................................................................................................13Restitution, Child Support, Tax Payments Lag.......................................................................................13Crowding Out Other Priorities................................................................................................................14Pre-K, Higher Ed Funding Lags...............................................................................................................15
Controlling Crime and Costs
.....................................................................................................................17ANewPath in Texas................................................................................................................................17Managing Prison Admissions...................................................................................................................18Adjusting Length of Stay..........................................................................................................................19
AFinal Word
....................................................................................................................................................21
Figures 
Prison Count Pushes Up ................................................................................................................5Doing the Math................................................................................................................................6Who’s Behind Bars..........................................................................................................................7Wide Variation in Prison Growth....................................................................................................8High Growth Rates Spread Across Nation......................................................................................9Twenty Years of Rising Costs........................................................................................................12Taking a Bigger Cut.......................................................................................................................14Of Books and Bars ........................................................................................................................15Making Decisions Whereto Spend...............................................................................................16Controlling Crime and Prison Populations: Two Levers..............................................................20Endnotes..........................................................................................................................................................23Methodology Notes.........................................................................................................................................24 Jurisdictional Notes.........................................................................................................................................28
 Appendix 
Table A-1: State, Regional and National Prison Counts...............................................................29Table A-2: State Corrections Spending, FY 2007 .........................................................................30Table A-3: State Spending on Corrections and Higher Education, FY 1987-2007.......................31Table A-4: National Corrections and Higher Education Spending Trends, FY 1987-2007.........32Table A-5: State Employees in Corrections Workforce, 2006 .....................................................33Table A-6: 1 in X: Incarceration Rates by Sex, Race/Ethnicity, Age and State...........................34Table A-7: International Comparisons..........................................................................................35

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