Tim ShahDecember 11
the city. Therefore, it is really important that I carefully explore my options. I have to make awater policy recommendation to City Council based on this analysis. The recommendation istargeted toward the residential sector for two reasons. 1) They are the largest consumers of wateramong water users. 2) With a creative approach, residents can be engaged in water managementand learn how their impact on the aquifer can be minimized. I have learned from hydrologiststhat if current consumption trends continue, the aquifer can be severely depleted within 5 years.This means that water tables would drop making withdrawals more difficult and expensive.Thus, I must set out my objectives and evaluate a list of alternatives. The alternative will beselected based on how well it meets the objectives and whether it can be accomplished within afive-year time frame.
Table 1. Residential Water Consumption from 2006 to 2009
Note: Canada and the United States use the most water per capita than any other country in the world. Indeed,citizens use 343 litres and 382 litres per day, respectively, nearly 1.5 times more than the EU and at least 20 timesmore than much of the developing world (Ferguson-Martin & Shah, 2010). 300 litres per capita per day isconsidered very high based on the literature reviewed (Brandes et al. 2006).
The table above indicates that the city is growing mostly in the form of single family residentialhousing through sub-division construction.
New single family homes are larger suburbandevelopments with large gardens/pools. This rate of increase in the per capita water use can beindicative of a change in use patterns (or leaks). Hydrologists have explained to me that newsingle family home development also increase impervious surface cover (roads, paved surfacesetc) which reduces the amount of water that percolates into groundwater.
In the hydrologic cycle, groundwater moves downward through the soil by
and then toward a streamchannel or large body of water as seepage. The water table separates the zone of saturation from the zone of aeration(Environment Canada, 2010).
2006 Population100,0002007 Population104,0002008 Population110,0002009 Population115,000Single FamilyResidential300 litres percapita per day310 litres percapita per day320 litres percapita per day328 litres percapita per day
Total for year
(population xper capita waterconsumption30,000,000 litres 32,240,000 litres 35,200,000 litres 37,720,000 litres