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Table Of Contents

4Guest Operating System
Storage and Network Strategies
Designing the Guest Environment
Creating a Strategy for VMware
Using VMware for Test and Development Servers
Using VMware for Underutilized Production Servers
Using VMware for all of your production servers
What Makes a Good Guest?
So what should I look at on a potential Guest?
“Core Four” Resource Utilization
Other Hardware Requirements / Server Roles
Summary
Master Installations
What is a master installation?
Why Master Imagesare Needed
Storage
Checkpoints
What to put in a Master Image
Finalizing Your Image
ISO Images
What is an ISO file?
Creating ISO Files
Storing ISO Files
Copying ISO Images to ESX Server
Using ISO Images
Mounting ISO Imagesvia the Console Operating System
Mounting ISO Images from within Virtual Machines
Common Issues with ISO Files
Verifying the Checksum on Linux
Verifying the Checksum on Windows
Verification
Guest Machine Networking
Physical Network Cards and Virtual Switches
Virtual Switches
Virtual Network Cards
Controlling Guest Resource Usage
The Basics of Min/Max Settings
Resource Shares(CPUand Memory)
Beyond Shares and Min/Max Settings
Managing VMDK Files
What is a VMDK File?
Creating VMDK Files
VMDK File Storage
VMDK Access Modes
Commit Changes
Discard Changes
Append Changes
Level
Freeze
Wait
Adding the REDO File
Adding a Second REDO File
Applying the First REDO File without a Freeze
Applying the Second REDO File with a Freeze
Resizing VMDKs
Opening VMDK FilesOutside a VM
Creating a Guest Virtual Machine Standard
Creating your GuestVirtual Machines
Manual Creation of the VMs using the Web Interface
Scripted/CommandLine Creation of Virtual Machines
Creating VM Guests Using Management Software
Managing the Server with the Console OS and web interface
Management Conceptsand Tools
Using the Web Interface
Using the ESX Service Console
Using a Management Utility
ESX Server Management Tasks
Installing New Hardware
Installing and configuring hardware for use by the VMkernel
Configuring new VMkernel hardware via the Web Interface
Configuring new VMkernel hardware via the Service Console
Why is my hardwarenot detected after installation?
Checking Disk Space
Configuring Time Synchronization
Letting the VMs Sync to an External Time Source
Sync the ESX server to your Authoritative Time Source
NTPconfiguration for ESX 2.1 and Greater
Changing IP Settingsfor ESX
Running Support Scripts
Adding Usersto the ESX Console
Changing a user’s password
Using vmkfstools
Scanning a Fibre Adapter for new LUNs
Create a new file system on a new LUN
Name the newly Created File System
Lists the files on VMFS
Set the VMFS mode (Shared/Public)
Recover/Unlocka VMFS file System
Managing the Guest
Console operating system
VirtualCenter
Default ESX Security
Password Encryption(Shadow)
Firewall
Configuring User Access
Role-Based Access
Alternative to VMware’s method
vmadmins group
Setting up account policies
Read-only
Virtual machine user
Virtual machine administrator
VirtualCenter administrator
Restricting root accessto ESX
Disabling root over ssh
Using the wheel group
Configuring sudo
Planning your sudo configuration
Modifying /etc/sudoers
Enabling External Authentication
Uses
Considerations
Patching
Guest Operating Systems
Server Monitoringand Management
Rules Of Thumb
VMs per Processor rule of thumb
Quantity and Speed of Processors
VM Configurations
VM Workloads
Local Storageand HBARules of Thumb
Network Connectivity
ESX Server Monitoring
Swing Servers
Monitoring Using Native ESX Tools
esxtop
VMkusage
Using a Guest’s Native Tools
Monitoring Using Third Party Tools
ESX Host Monitoring
VM Monitoring
VMware’s VirtualCenter
VirtualCenterComponents
VirtualCenter Licensing
VirtualCenter ConfigurationOptions
Structuring your VirtualCenter Containers
Connecting to an ESX Server
Reviewing ESX Server Performance Data
Reviewing VM Performance
Host and VM Alarms
Using VM Templateswith VirtualCenter
Scheduling Tasks
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VMware ESX Server - Advanced Technical Design Guide

VMware ESX Server - Advanced Technical Design Guide

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Published by Alexandre Doiron

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Published by: Alexandre Doiron on Jan 18, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/26/2013

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