International Baccalaureate Physics4/PSOW
The Motion of a Magnet Falling in a Metal Tube
(by Gary Piech, modified at ISM)
1.To find the motion of a magnet in free fall in a metal tube.2.Use the data that you collected to Illustrate Lenz’s andFaraday's Law.
1.Obtain a long aluminum or copper tube, which hasfixed coils attached to it.2.Attach a wire from the top of the first coil to theLogger Pro interface box leads.3.Run a second wire from the bottom of the first coil tothe top of the second coil. Then run a wire from the bottom of the second coil to the top of the third coil.Continue this until you have all the coils connected inseries.4.Connect the bottom wire of the last coil to the 2ndlead from the Logger Pro.5.Open the Logger Pro Software. Open theExperiments file. Open the voltage file.6.Estimate the time that the magnet takes to fall throughthe tube. Add about 5 seconds to this and set this asyour horizontal axis. Voltage will be your verticalaxis.7.Hit Collect, then drop the magnet in the pipe.8.Measure the distance from the first coil to all the other coils9.Construct a well labelled data table for you data.
Lenz’s Law and Faraday’s Law both allow one to predict aspects of induced current when there is a changingmagnetic field.
Data Processing and Presentation:
Collect appropriate data.
Plot a suitable graph from which you can analyze the motion of the magnet as it falls through the tube.
Conclusion and Evaluation:
Using your graph, analyze the type of motion of the falling magnet.
Using your knowledge of the laws of electromagnetic induction, explain why this type of motion occurs.
Evaluate the method, including any modifications you had to make to overcome problems. Include anevaluation of the apparatus used.
Suggest ways in which the procedure could be modified in order to improve it for the future.
The above information was given to the student by the instructor. What followsimmediately below is the student’s own work.
© Dickinson / Dingrando - ISM4734836.doc
IB Criteria Assessed
Data Collection and Processing,Conclusion and Evaluation