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Table Of Contents

Geostatistical mapping
1.1 Basic concepts
1.1.1 Environmental variables
1.1.2 Aspects and sources of spatial variability
1.1.3 Spatial prediction models
1.2 Mechanical spatial prediction models
1.2.1 Inverse distance interpolation
1.2.2 Regression on coordinates
1.2.3 Splines
1.3 Statistical spatial prediction models
1.3.1 Kriging
1.3.2 Environmental correlation
1.3.3 Predicting from polygon maps
1.3.4 Hybrid models
1.4 Validation of spatial prediction models
2.1 The Best Linear Unbiased Predictor of spatial data
2.1.1 Mathematical derivation of BLUP
2.1.2 Selecting the right spatial prediction technique
2.1.4 Universal kriging, kriging with external drift
2.1.5 A simple example of regression-kriging
2.2 Local versus localized models
2.3 Spatial prediction of categorical variables
2.4 Geostatistical simulations
2.5 Spatio-temporal regression-kriging
2.6 Species Distribution Modeling using regression-kriging
2.7 Modeling of topography using regression-kriging
2.7.1 Some theoretical considerations
2.7.2 Choice of auxiliary maps
2.8 Regression-kriging and sampling optimization algorithms
2.9 Fields of application
2.9.1 Soil mapping applications
2.9.2 Interpolation of climatic and meteorological data
2.9.3 Species distribution modeling
2.9.4 Downscaling environmental data
2.10 Final notes about regression-kriging
2.10.1 Alternatives to RK
2.10.2 Limitations of RK
2.10.3 Beyond RK
3.1 Geographical analysis: desktop GIS
3.1.1I L W I S
3.1.2S A G A
3.2 Statistical computing:R
3.2.1g s t a t
3.2.2 The stand-alone version ofg s t a t
3.2.3g e o R
3.2.4I s a t i s
3.3 Geographical visualization:G o o g l e E a r t h
3.3.1 Exporting vector maps to KML
3.3.2 Exporting raster maps (images) to KML
3.3.3 Reading KML files toR
3.4 Summary points
3.4.1 Strengths and limitations of geostatistical software
3.4.2 Getting addicted toR
3.4.3 Further software developments
3.4.4 Towards a system for automated mapping
Auxiliary data sources
4.1 Global data sets
4.1.1 Obtaining data via a geo-service
4.1.2 Google Earth/Maps images
4.1.3 Remotely sensed images
4.2 Download and preparation of MODIS images
4.3 Summary points
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Data import and exploration
5.2.1 Exploratory data analysis: sampling design
5.3 Zinc concentrations
5.3.1 Regression modeling
5.3.2 Variogram modeling
5.3.3 Spatial prediction of Zinc
5.4 Liming requirements
5.4.1 Fitting a GLM
5.4.2 Variogram fitting and final predictions
5.5 Advanced exercises
5.5.1 Geostatistical simulations
5.5.2 Spatial prediction usingS A G A
5.5.3 Geostatistical analysis ing e o R
5.6 Visualization of generated maps
5.6.1 Visualization of uncertainty
5.6.2 Export of maps toG o o g l e E a r t h
Heavy metal concentrations (NGS
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Download and preliminary exploration of data
6.2.1 Point-sampled values of HMCs
6.2.2 Gridded predictors
6.3 Model fitting
6.3.1 Exploratory analysis
6.3.2 Regression modeling using GLM
6.3.3 Variogram modeling and kriging
6.4 Automated generation of HMC maps
6.5 Comparison of ordinary and regression-kriging
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Loading the data
7.2.1 Download of the world maps
7.2.2 Reading the ISRIC WISE intoR
7.3 Regression modeling
7.4 Modeling spatial auto-correlation
7.5 Adjusting final predictions using empirical maps
7.6 Summary points
Species’ occurrence records (bei
8.1 Introduction
8.1.1 Preparation of maps
8.1.2 Auxiliary maps
8.2 Species distribution modeling
8.2.1 Kernel density estimation
8.2.2 Environmental Niche analysis
8.2.3 Simulation of pseudo-absences
8.2.4 Regression analysis and variogram modeling
8.3 Final predictions: regression-kriging
8.4 Niche analysis usingM a x E n t
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Data download and exploration
9.3 DEM generation
9.3.1 Variogram modeling
9.3.2 DEM filtering
9.3.3 DEM generation from contour data
9.4 Extraction of Land Surface Parameters
9.5 Unsupervised extraction of landforms
9.5.1 Fuzzy k-means clustering
9.5.2 Fitting variograms for different landform classes
9.6 Spatial prediction of soil mapping units
9.6.1 Multinomial logistic regression
9.6.2 Selection of training pixels
9.7 Extraction of memberships
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Data download and import
10.3 Geostatistical analysis of elevations
10.3.1 Variogram modelling
10.3.2 Geostatistical simulations
10.4 Generation of stream networks
10.5 Evaluation of the propagated uncertainty
10.6 Advanced exercises
10.6.1 Objective selection of the grid cell size
10.6.2 Stream extraction inG R A S S
10.6.3 Export of maps to GE
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Data download and preprocessing
11.3 Regression modeling
11.4 Space-time variogram estimation
11.5 Spatio-temporal interpolation
11.5.1 A single 3D location
11.5.2 Time-slices
11.5.3 Export to KML: dynamic maps
11.6 Summary points
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Published by Rosana Ferrero

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Published by: Rosana Ferrero on Jan 18, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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