A comprehensive Food and Fitness assessment should consider several primary domains. A brief description of these domains for both “food” and “fitness” environments is offered below. Theextent to which each domain is assessed will vary according to the community vision. Forinstance, a vision for “fitness” that is focused primarily on recreation for children and familieswould not need to assess as carefully the “active transportation” or “land use” domains except asthey might affect recreational opportunities.
Fitness Environment Goals
Fitness goals of the initiative are to increase access to safe and inviting activity options andspaces for physical activity.
Options for Physical Activity:
Safe and inviting options for physical activity are determinedin large part by the physical spaces that are available (specified in the domains below). Theyare also determined by programmatic supports in these spaces such as recreation or physicaleducation programs, walking programs, active commuting programs. Accessibility of programs is influenced by factors such as cost, staffing, hours of operation, and culturalappropriateness.
Spaces for Physical Activity:
The accessibility of spaces for physical activity depends inlarge part of the number and diversity of these spaces, their location relative to where peoplelive, work or go to school, and the quality and safety of connections and routes todestinations. The quality of spaces for physical activity depends on: the appropriateness andgood repair of the facilities; aesthetic features such as good design, greenery and cleanliness;social factors such as absence of crime and other safety considerations; and perceptions of vibrancy. The spaces can be either built or natural.
Fitness Environment Domains
These goals relate to four major domains which compose the fitness environment.
systems represent school environments including buildings, grounds, curricula,procedures and norms, as well as the accessibility of schools and the quality of routes to andfrom school.
Parks and Recreation
refers mainly to the accessibility and quality of parks,playgrounds, trails and natural open space, indoor recreation centers, gyms, pools and theprograms that encourage people to use them.
pertains to the physicalarrangements and facilities that support walking, biking, public transit and other active means of transportation. Finally,
Community Design/Land Use
refers mainly to how the layout of thecommunity and the quality of places affects the accessibility and use of key destinations andopportunities for physical activity. All four of these domains are equally influenced by socialand environmental conditions beyond the built environment such as crime, climate, pollution,language, cultural beliefs and practices, race and poverty.
W.K Kellogg Foundation March 2008 Overview Page 3 of