Hybrid Technique for Self Tuning PI ControllerParameters in HVDC Systems
Research ScholarJNT University, Hyderabadsrujanaphd@gmail.com
Dr. S.V.Jayaram Kumar
ProfessorJawaharlal Nehru Technological UniversityHyderabad
Nowadays, due to certain advantages, the HVDCsystems are commonly used in long distance transmissions. Themajor drawback associated with HVDC system is that it takes alonger duration to return to its steady state value after theoccurrence of a fault. In a HVDC system, when a fault occurs, thecurrent and voltage will deviate from their normal range and PIcontrollers are used to maintain its current and voltage at thenormal steady state value. Controller parameter tuning plays asignificant role in maintaining the steady state current andvoltage of a HVDC system. Here, we propose a hybrid techniqueto self tune the PI controller parameters. The proposed hybridtechnique utilizes fuzzy logic and neural network to self tune thecontroller parameters. The fuzzy rules are generated usingdifferent combinations of current error, rate and combined gain.To train the neural network, different combinations of fuzzygain, proportional gain and integral gain are used. The neuralnetwork is trained using a back propagation algorithm. Byexperimentation it is shown that the system that uses this methodtakes a very short time to return to its normal steady state. Theimplementation results show that the performance of theproposed hybrid technique is superior to that of both the self tuning techniques.
Keywords- fuzzy logic; HVDC; neural network; fuzzy rules; proportional and integral gain.
Presently, due to economic, environmental, and politicallimitations which hinder the erection of large power plants andhigh voltage lines, increasing the power system capacity isoften difficult. Hence, to solve the above issues new solutionsare sought. One of the most promising solutions suggests thereplacement of conventional HVAC transmission technologiesby targeted deployment of HVDC (High Voltage DirectCurrent) ones . Of late, there has been a significant increasein the HVDC systems that interconnect large power systemsoffering many technical and economic benefits .HVDC is a proven technology and the features presentedby it have made it more alluring than AC transmission forcertain applications for example long submarine cable linksand interconnection of asynchronous systems . Fixed gainsPI controllers are commonly used by HVDC systems . Theoperating in which a HVDC system can be designed arebipolar mode; mono-polar metallic return and mono-polarground return modes . Charging the capacitance of atransmission line with alternating voltage
is not necessary for
HVDC, so it has the advantage of providing more efficientlong distance transmission . System interconnection use of HVDC transmission link has not attracted much awareness. In power transmission systems,
HVDC converters havethe unique virtues of large capacity and fast controllability.In recent years, because of the development of powerelectronics, an active role is played by HVDC transmissionlink based Voltage source converters (VSC), using self-commutated valves (IGBTs, IGCTs and GTOs) in improvingthe electricity transmission and distribution system . VSC-HVDC system is one of the most modern HVDC technologies,and it incorporates two VSCs, one function as a rectifier andthe other as an inverter .In power distribution and transmission systems, line toground, line to line, double line to ground, and three-phase toground are the possible faults . The literature presents lotof fault detection techniques. The method based on thesequence components of the fundamental frequency of thepost-fault current and voltage is an example for this . Ageneral Fault Detection and Diagnostic scheme consists of twophases, namely symptom generation and diagnosis
. So asto accomplish this, by executing modern control strategies thepower system must be maintained at the preferred operatinglevel . Contemporary controls which are based on ArtificialNeural Network, Fuzzy system and Genetic algorithm arefound to be quick, and reliable. Hence, they can be employedfor protection against the line faults .Generally, the controller is tuned adaptively to perform
thecontrolling effectively. However, because a single technique isdeployed for this purpose, the effectiveness remains achallenge as the necessity and complexity of HVDC systempeaks. To overcome this issue, in this paper, we propose ahybrid technique by means of which the PI controller thatcontrols the HVDC system is self tuned whenever a faultoccurs. The rest of the paper is organized as follows. SectionII reviews the related works briefly and section III details theproposed technique with sufficient mathematical models andillustrations. Section IV discusses implementation results andSection V concludes the paper.II.
Chi-Hshiung Lin  has discussed the difference betweentwo faults in an HVDC link. A misfire fault in the rectifier
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 8, No. 9, December 2010139http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500