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Parcel Management System using GPS Tracking Unit

Parcel Management System using GPS Tracking Unit

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Published by ijcsis
In this paper, the proposed system overcomes the deficiencies of parcel management system for providing parcel information by using operational data extracted from a GPS tracking unit. A GPS tracking unit is a device that uses the Global Positioning System to determine the precise location of a vehicle to which it is attached and to record the position at regular intervals. The recorded location data can be transmitted to a central location database of a remote tracking server using satellite modem embedded in the unit. Tracking server also has satellite modem that receives vehicle location information. This allows the vehicle's location to be displayed against a map backdrop in real-time using customized software to authorized users of the system via website over the internet.
In this paper, the proposed system overcomes the deficiencies of parcel management system for providing parcel information by using operational data extracted from a GPS tracking unit. A GPS tracking unit is a device that uses the Global Positioning System to determine the precise location of a vehicle to which it is attached and to record the position at regular intervals. The recorded location data can be transmitted to a central location database of a remote tracking server using satellite modem embedded in the unit. Tracking server also has satellite modem that receives vehicle location information. This allows the vehicle's location to be displayed against a map backdrop in real-time using customized software to authorized users of the system via website over the internet.

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Published by: ijcsis on Jan 20, 2011
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(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 8, No. 9, December 2010
Parcel Management System using GPS Tracking Unit
Tahmina Khatoon
1
, Md. Musfique Anwar
2
, Nasrin Sultana Shume
2
, Md. Mizanur Rahman
1
 
1
Computer Science & Engineering Department, IBAIS UniversityDhaka, Bangladesh
2
Computer Science & Engineering Department, Jahangirnagar UniversityDhaka, Bangladesh
 
E-mail: tahmina8765@gmail.com, musfique.anwar@gmail.com,shume_sultana@yahoo.com, mmrcse93@yahoo.com
 
Abstract
 
 In this paper, the proposed system overcomes thedeficiencies of parcel management system for  providing parcel information by using operationaldata extracted from a GPS tracking unit. A GPStracking unit is a device that uses theGlobalPositioning Systemto determine the precise locationof a vehicle to which it is attached and to record the position at regular intervals. The recorded locationdata can be transmitted to a central locationdatabase of a remote tracking server usingsatellitemodem embedded in the unit. Tracking server alsohassatellitemodem that receives vehicle locationinformation. This allows the vehicle's location to bedisplayed against a map backdrop in real-time usingcustomized software to authorized users of the systemvia website over the internet . 
Keywords:
 
Parcel Management System, GPS,Tracking server, Satellite Modem.
 
1. Introduction
 
Now a day, several companies like UPS, DHL,FedEx etc are able to provide parcelinformation through online. But their updatingprocedure of parcel information is manual. Inexisting system, it is not possible for a customerto know how first his/her parcel is moving orwhat is the location of the parcel just in thismoment. But now people want to getinformation as early as possible. They want toknow more exact and specific informationabout their parcel. So the next time when theystick a product in a parcel post package forshipment across the globe, they always expectthe developments that have occurred in theindustry to make their packages move a little bitfaster.In this paper, we propose a way to get parcelinformation more specifically using GPStracking system. GPS is a Satellite NavigationSystem funded, controlled and operated by theU. S. Department of Defense [1].To track acargo as well as a parcel, a GPS tracker will beattached with each cargo. GPS receivercalculates its position by carefully timing thesignals sent by the constellation of GPSsatellites high above the Earth. Then GPS datapusher transmits cargo position, speed, velocityetc to a central location data base using asatellitemodem embedded in the unit. A GPSData pusher [2]
 
is a device whichpushes(i.e."sends") the position of the device, at regularintervals, to a determinedserverthat caninstantly analyze the data. By this way, serverdatabase will update and customer will be ableto get more exact and appropriate information.It is possible to display the location from thereceived position information with a map usingrelated software which is fully compatible withGoogle Earth Software and accurately maps theGPS coordinates of the cargo. GPS maps areclearly displayed with comprehensiveinformation. Thus allow to know if a vehicle ison time or late, or is doing its assigned route. Itallows pinpointing the exact site of a possiblerobbery. GPS Worldwide Technology is easy touse, quick to install and affordably priced.
2. Collection of data using GPSTechnology
 
In this section, working procedure of theproposed system is described. It starts with ashort description of GPS Technology andfollows the description of network structure.
2.1 GPS Technologies
Global Positioning System (GPS) is comprisedof 24 U.S. government owned satellites thatcircle 12,000 miles above the earth, twice a dayin precise orbits, so that several are always inview from any position [3]. The system isdesigned to provide worldwide positioningservices with an accuracy ranging from 10 to 15meters. Instant location information enablesusers to ascertain exactly where their vehiclesor assets are at anytime, anywhere in the world.Due to minor timing errors and satellite orbiterrors, however, more precise accuracies areunattainable with standard GPS. Atmosphericconditions can also affect GPS signals and theirarrival time on Earth.
183 http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500
 
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 8, No. 9, December 2010
There are two GPS services in operation:i)
 
Precise Position Service (PPS): Thisservice is provided to the U.S. Department oDefense and authorized associates forsecurity purposes.ii)
 
Standard Positioning Service (SPS):This service is available at no charge to allworldwide civilian users [4].Initially designed as a military system by theU.S. Department of Defense to improvetracking capabilities of its targets, GPS hasdeveloped into a worldwide utility with multi-use services from stand alone applications tointegrated, more embedded ones. Everymanmade innovation from cars and planes andships down to cell phones and wristwatches canbe outfitted with GPS technology. Over the lastdecade, increased numbers of emergency,business and even family vehicles carry GPSdevices and systems for their various trackingneeds.
 2.2 Position Determination with GPS
All GPS tracking devices work around a fewbasic geometric principles. These principles aresummed up in trilateration. Trilateration usesthe known location of two or more points of reference and the measured distance betweenthe subject and the reference points to give anexact location for the subject.
 
For example, a cargo as well as a GPS receiverstands at point B is shown in Fig. 1. Let usimagine that cargo is standing out
Fig. 1 Determine the cargo position with GPS receiver
 
in the middle of nowhere and we want to findout where it is. Our attached GPS receiver isready for instances just like this one. P1, P2,and P3 represent satellites in the NAVSTARGPS constellation. These satellites areconstantly transmitting microwave signals. Atthe same time, these satellites transmit a signalwith information concerning their currentlocation and the time that they were transmitted.The colored circles represent the path of thesignal from the satellite at a specific time.Our GPS tracking device is designed to pick upthese signals and record the time at which theyarrive. Because the signals from the satellitestravel at approximately the speed of light,knowing the difference between when thesignal was generated and when GPS receiverpicks it up. Then it calculates the distancebetween cargo and the broadcasting satellite.This is a very simple physics equation (speed xtime = distance). When we combine this withthe known location of each of the satellites (thisinformation is contained in the signal that GPSreceiver picks up), our GPS tracking device hasall the information it needs to give us an exactlocation for the cargo. As we use a data pusher,so it transmits cargo position information atspecified intervals to a central database. Thisdatabase can often be accessed through theinternet, providing valuable information for ourcustomer.
 
3. System Design andImplementation
 
Overall system is partitioned into two majordesign units.
 
Cargo unit
 
Tracking Server.
 3.1 Cargo Unit
This is major part of the system and it will beinstalled into the cargo. It is responsible forcapturing the cargo location and transmittingthis location information to the remote trackingserver located anywhere in the world. Cargounit use the following modules to achieve thisfunctionalities.
 3.1.1 GPS Receiver
Cargo unit uses GPS receiver to capture thecurrent location and other information likespeed, velocity etc of the cargo. Location andother information provided by GPS are not inhuman understandable format. This raw dataneeds to be processed to convert it into usefulinformation that can be displayed on the map.CPU is required to process this raw data. Them100 smart satellite modem is used for data
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(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 8, No. 9, December 2010
transmission that offers worldwidesatellite connectivity and GPS capabilities for awide variety of asset-tracking and industrialremote communications. Operating on theORBCOMM low-earth orbit (LEO) satellitenetwork, the m100 combines Machine-to-Machine (M2M) communication, unlimitedglobal coverage without blockage, integratedGPS-based location awareness, and powerfulon-module application development options ina single, highly integrated module.
 3.1.2 Central Processing Unit
The raw data provided by the GPS receiver iscaptured by the CPU and processed to extractthe required location and other information.CPU holds all the required information that isto be transmitted to remote server. It alsocontrols data transmission module to exchangeinformation with remote server. It actually actsas a bridge between GPS receiver and remoteserver. As the processing required in the Cargounit is not computationally intensive thereforeany low end microcontroller can be used as aCPU. The microcontroller selected to serve asCPU for Cargo unit
is Microchip‟s
PIC18F248.This is 8-bit microcontroller and runs at speedof 20 MHz which is enough speed for thesystem.
3.1.3 Data Transceiver
When all required information is extracted andprocessed, it needs to be transmitted to a remotetracking server which will be able to displaythis information to the end user. For real timetracking of vehicle, reliable data transmission toremote server is very important. Wirelessnetwork is required to transmit cargoinformation to remote server. VSAT [5]technology is selected to do this. VSAT is away of providing better connectivity to theinternet or for private satellite communicationsnetworks. Depending on bandwidthrequirement (data speed and/or communicationschannels), VSAT systems can be
 
relativelysmall (1.2 to 2.4 meter antenna) and
 
easilyinstalled. By linking VSAT terminals to largerhub stations (or land earth stations), a wirelessnetwork can be established.
3.1.4 Cargo Unit Design
Cargo unit is designed using m100 smartsatellite modem and microcontrollerPIC18F248 manufactured by Microchip.
 
Fig. 2shows the block diagram of cargo unit.
 
Fig. 2 Cargo unit block diagram
 
GPS antenna receives signals from GPSsatellites. It must face towards sky for correctcomputation of the current location by GPSreceiver. Location data is transferred tomicrocontroller through serial interface. Afterprocessing of the data provided by GPSreceiver, microcontroller transmits thisinformation to remote location using embeddedsatellite modem. Microcontroller controls theoperation of m100 smart satellite modemthrough serial interface. External VSATantenna is required by the m100 smartsatellite modem for reliable transmission andreceiving of data.
 3.1.4.1 m100 satellite modem
The m100 is the next generation satellite datacommunication transceiver that transmits andreceives data by using the ORBCOMM [6]. Them100 is a low cost ORBCOMM modem basedon the Analog Devices Blackfin DSP andanalog ASIC. The m100 OEM transceiver playsa vital role in transmitting and receiving thedata for the customers involved in satellite-based tracking and industrial remotecommunication. The m100 operates over theORBCOMM low orbit satellite network,providing unlimited global coverage with noblockage. It can significantly improve assetutilization by allowing clients to monitor, track and manage their fixed and mobile assetsaround the world. The three chip m100 OEMtransceiver includes the Analog DevicesBlackfin® DSP family, MobiApps' AnalogASIC, and a GPS RF down converter, creatinga fully integrated satellite tracking device.
 
185 http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500

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