(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 8, No. 9, December 2010
transmission that offers worldwidesatellite connectivity and GPS capabilities for awide variety of asset-tracking and industrialremote communications. Operating on theORBCOMM low-earth orbit (LEO) satellitenetwork, the m100 combines Machine-to-Machine (M2M) communication, unlimitedglobal coverage without blockage, integratedGPS-based location awareness, and powerfulon-module application development options ina single, highly integrated module.
3.1.2 Central Processing Unit
The raw data provided by the GPS receiver iscaptured by the CPU and processed to extractthe required location and other information.CPU holds all the required information that isto be transmitted to remote server. It alsocontrols data transmission module to exchangeinformation with remote server. It actually actsas a bridge between GPS receiver and remoteserver. As the processing required in the Cargounit is not computationally intensive thereforeany low end microcontroller can be used as aCPU. The microcontroller selected to serve asCPU for Cargo unit
PIC18F248.This is 8-bit microcontroller and runs at speedof 20 MHz which is enough speed for thesystem.
3.1.3 Data Transceiver
When all required information is extracted andprocessed, it needs to be transmitted to a remotetracking server which will be able to displaythis information to the end user. For real timetracking of vehicle, reliable data transmission toremote server is very important. Wirelessnetwork is required to transmit cargoinformation to remote server. VSAT technology is selected to do this. VSAT is away of providing better connectivity to theinternet or for private satellite communicationsnetworks. Depending on bandwidthrequirement (data speed and/or communicationschannels), VSAT systems can be
relativelysmall (1.2 to 2.4 meter antenna) and
easilyinstalled. By linking VSAT terminals to largerhub stations (or land earth stations), a wirelessnetwork can be established.
3.1.4 Cargo Unit Design
Cargo unit is designed using m100 smartsatellite modem and microcontrollerPIC18F248 manufactured by Microchip.
Fig. 2shows the block diagram of cargo unit.
Fig. 2 Cargo unit block diagram
GPS antenna receives signals from GPSsatellites. It must face towards sky for correctcomputation of the current location by GPSreceiver. Location data is transferred tomicrocontroller through serial interface. Afterprocessing of the data provided by GPSreceiver, microcontroller transmits thisinformation to remote location using embeddedsatellite modem. Microcontroller controls theoperation of m100 smart satellite modemthrough serial interface. External VSATantenna is required by the m100 smartsatellite modem for reliable transmission andreceiving of data.
18.104.22.168 m100 satellite modem
The m100 is the next generation satellite datacommunication transceiver that transmits andreceives data by using the ORBCOMM . Them100 is a low cost ORBCOMM modem basedon the Analog Devices Blackfin DSP andanalog ASIC. The m100 OEM transceiver playsa vital role in transmitting and receiving thedata for the customers involved in satellite-based tracking and industrial remotecommunication. The m100 operates over theORBCOMM low orbit satellite network,providing unlimited global coverage with noblockage. It can significantly improve assetutilization by allowing clients to monitor, track and manage their fixed and mobile assetsaround the world. The three chip m100 OEMtransceiver includes the Analog DevicesBlackfin® DSP family, MobiApps' AnalogASIC, and a GPS RF down converter, creatinga fully integrated satellite tracking device.
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