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The Opportunity of M2M Communications

The Opportunity of M2M Communications

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Published by gosnetworks
This paper examines the forecast boom in M2M communications and discusses how vommunications providers can best deal with the demands.
This paper examines the forecast boom in M2M communications and discusses how vommunications providers can best deal with the demands.

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Published by: gosnetworks on Jan 20, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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M2M Communications
Smart Connected Services and Smart Connected Devices
SOLUTION BRIEFIntel® Atom™ ProcessorGoS* Networks GoS Gateway
M2M CommunicationsThe next phase of mobile growth isexpected to occur in the eld of machineto machine communications, or M2M. TheGSMA is forecasting a connected universeof up to 50 billion devices developing inthe next 15 years.
Each device deliverscritical information via a wireless connectionto control and processing applicationsresident in the cloud. This presents asignicant opportunity for a wide rangeof stakeholders, including device and chipmanufacturers, application providers,communications providers and MobileNetwork Operators (MNOs).M2M devices will be deployed in a varietyof applications and markets, for example:• Building Management• Energy• Consumer and HomeHealthcare and Life Sciences• Industrial
Transport, both Public and Private vehicles
• RetailSecurity and Public Safety• IT and NetworksThe common factor for all potentialapplications is that the trafc from eachwill consist primarily of data, not voice,communications. There will be differentservice and processing requirements for thisdata, depending on the application served:
Rich content
– high bandwidthrequirement, high computational demand
Analytic information
– mediumbandwidth requirement, moderatecomputational demand
Monitor and sensor information
:low bandwidth requirement, lowcomputational demand
Real-time information
– variousbandwidth requirements, but data musttransit the network in a timely fashion
Non-real-time information
– variousbandwidth requirements, data is nottime criticalMany applications will include multiplelocal M2M devices reporting on differentaspects of the system being monitored.For example, a building might havemultiple sensors collecting data, such astemperature, occupancy and humidity,from different trigger points. These couldinclude system controls, security andsurveillance cameras, and time-sensitivealarms. A vehicle might support multipleM2M reporting points, covering data suchas location, fuel consumption, alarms,
“Guarantee of Service (GoS*) is atechnology to manage networkcongestion, the principle cause ofloss and delay in IP networks, in acontrolled and predictable way.”
Peter Thompson
Chief Scientist of GoS Networks 
performance data, etc. The data collectedmay consist of a combination of lowbandwidth sensor information and, at thesame time, high bandwidth, rich displaycontent. Ensuring that each differentstream of data receives the appropriateclass of service is a complex challenge.As a result, there is a need for smartM2M aggregation devices that can collectdata from a range of local serving devicesand forward it in a timely and efcientmanner to the network using a connection:such as a mobile Radio Access Network(RAN). This capability is now available inan Intel® Atom™ processor-based M2MOpen Service Platform, which intelligentlymanages M2M data from a wide rangeof serving devices and provides efcientoptimisation and routing to the collectioncentre across the RAN. The M2M OpenService Platform incorporates softwarefrom GoS* Networks, which performsprioritisation and optimisation of trafcand policy enforcement, ensuring that eachindividual application and device has fairand appropriate access to the RAN.
M2M Open Service Platform
For M2M opportunities to be realised, thecomplex issue of managing multiple datastreams from the same location or vehicleneeds to be addressed. Simplifying accessand control of data collection, the M2M OpenService Platform - built with powerful Intel®architecture processors – is a single-box,Nano-express based form factor solutionthat functions as an M2M gateway, collection,aggregation and forwarding device.
By deploying the M2M Open ServicesPlatform, M2M application vendors andMNOs can efciently collect prioritiseddata from multiple sources and ensure thatappropriate QoS is applied to each stream.Some of the benets provided by the M2MOpen Services Platform include:
Simplies M2M service delivery by providinga single, common aggregation point formultiple, variable bandwidth data streams
Manages, aggregates, sorts and prioritisesM2M dataOptimises M2M data collection byefciently prioritising trafc withdifferent QoS requirementsEnsures each managed device has fairaccess to the networkProvides a central “connection manager”responsible for managing multiple localinterfacesProtects infrastructure investments withan Intel® architecture-based platform thatcan run current and future applications forM2M data collection
Key Features
The most important feature of the M2MOpen Service Platform is the provision of awide range of local and wide area networkconnectivity options. A complete softwarestack is provided that includes the connectionmanager and supports options for integratingdifferent WANs and gateways.
Southbound on the LAN side, the M2MOpen Service Platform supports 802.11b/g/n WiFi, Zigbee*, Gigabit Ethernetand USB connectivity for Bluetooth* andZWave*, ensuring connectivity to anyPersonal Area Network (PAN).Northbound to the RAN, any carriermodem device can be integrated, providingconnectivity to 3G UMTS / HSPX networksand allowing full 4G access to be supportedin the future.Other key features and functionality:Zero-touch provisioning and remotemanageability using TR-069
Figure 1. Two-Dimensional Classication of Network Quality
Self-diagnostic and management featuresSecurity and rewall via IPSec / VPN, orLink LayerMonitoring, statistics and alarmsSmall form factor• Thermal solutions for compute andradio modulesServer applications (e.g., Web, File, Media)Back-up and failover functionalityApplication framework for enabling Javaand other applications to be run on theplatform itself
Dening Service Quality Classes
The rapid growth of M2M trafc is creatingan opportunity for service providers andM2M application vendors to improvethe quality and delivery of collecteddata. A major issue is that the standarddelivery process does not provide any
1 2 3ABCBestEffort
Increasing DELAY priority
    I   n   c   r   e   a   s    i   n   g    L    O    S    S   p   r    i   o   r    i   t   y
predictable level of quality of service(QoS); that is to say, there is absolutelyno guarantee. In orderer to be effective,M2M applications that generate trafcwith high bandwidth demands requireQoS guarantees. Application vendors andMNOs can differentiate their servicesbased on the promise of reliable QoS andservice guarantees. A successful QoSmechanism for demanding and emergingM2M applications must simultaneouslyprovide reliable quality to an assortmentof aggregated M2M services, each withdifferent needs.
GoS Networks addresses QoS issues onIP networks with a software solutioncalled guarantee of service or GoS. It isbased on the fundamental relationshipbetween three related aspects of eachpacket stream: loss, delay and throughput.GoS offers M2M application vendors andMNOs an easy-to-use solution that deliverspredictable quality of service in an efcientand reliable manner, for today’s andtomorrow’s services.
MNOs classify data streams into differentclasses, using an intuitive two-dimensionalconguration matrix with nine quality classes,as shown in Figure 1. Each class offers adifferent quality level based on data loss anddelay (i.e. latency) priority, and is allocatedguaranteed bandwidth that is shared fairlybetween individual streams. An additionalclass, called Best Effort (BE), enables theefcient reuse of all link bandwidth, adaptingto bursty trafc patterns and never wastingavailable network capacity.
Delivering QoS with GoS
On a normal network link without QoS,all trafc competes for bandwidth on abest effort basis, making the performancerelatively unpredictable under heavyload. Moreover, there is no differentiationbetween applications with higher bandwidthand lower latency requirements. When GoScontrol is applied, trafc that is entitled topriority treatment will automatically displacebest-effort trafc when necessary, up to itsbandwidth limit. This allows spare capacityto be used freely for best-effort trafc,without affecting priority trafc.
When the link is heavily loaded, lower-priority packets will be lost or delayed toallow higher-priority packets to overtakethem. QoS algorithms determine trafcpriority based on the services’ qualityrequirements and make “drop or queue”decisions for packets. Even with bandwidthcontrol, some packets may be delayed ifthey have to be queued for transmission,and occasionally they are dropped whenqueues become too long.
Figure 2. GoS* Datapath
Classication Policing Shaping Multiplexing
separate incoming traffic
according to its qualityrequirementsenforce bandwidthguarantees and limitsre-space packets forfairness andpredictability
merge separated flows
according to theirpriority
The GoS datapath consists of four processing stages, described briey in the following andshown in Figure 2:
1. Classication:
Packets are marked based on information in packet headers that identifytheir particular trafc type.
2. Policing:
Each quality group is fed through its own bandwidth-controlling component.
3. Shaping:
Small random perturbations are added to the delays experienced by qualitygroups, which permits streams to be recombined in a predictable, stable manner. Thisstage avoids stream starvation, merges steams in a fair manner and allows networkperformance to degrade gracefully when overloaded.
4. Multiplexing:
Packets are brought back together to feed into a single output link, atwhich point the order of packet output is nalized.
Benets of GoS to M2M Application Vendors and MNOs
M2M applications have different demands which must be satised. Allocating fair QoS viathe M2M Open Service Platform will ensure greater satisfaction for M2M application users,leading to fewer service calls to application vendors and MNOs. Helping networks performbetter, GoS Networks technology enables M2M applications to deal with contention fornetwork resources in a controlled and predictable way. The M2M Open Service Platform cansimultaneously and independently manage packet loss and delay with the help of precisestatistical predictions of performance for all network trafc types. GoS polices all trafcstreams fairly; that is, no one stream is allowed to use excessive network resources.

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