1960's. (Clifton, The Modern Witchcraft Movement, Witchcraft Today,pages 21-38)
What is the difference between Wicca and Witchcraft?
The primary difference between Witchcraft and Wicca is that Wicca hasbeen in existence for 50 years, while Witchcraft is probably one of theoldest traditons known to mankind. Witchcraft is a "craft"; Wicca is areligion, which happens to have witches as members. Witchcraft doesnot necessarily worship known deities, while Wicca is a Goddess basedreligion. Last, Witches do not have a rede or any written code ordoctrine to follow, while Wicca does.
Why are there so many different types of Wiccans?
Wicca, as any other religion, has many sects. While all groups agreedin principle with Gerald Gardner, not all felt it necessary to follow hisdoctrine. This led to a division of paths, much like the Christian Churchexperienced. There are more "sects" that will be covered in this text,but the main Wicca denominations are, Gardnerian, Alexandrian, Seax,Circle, and Dianic Wicca. Though there are many sects of Wicca, theydo all have one thing in common; they all follow the basic Wiccanphilosophy, "Harm none and do what you will."Gerald Gardner founded Gardnerian Wicca; the main feature thatdistinguishes it from other denominations is that they are required tobe skyclad, or nude. Another feature about Gardnerian Wicca is that allof the coven High Priestesses can trace their lineage back to theoriginal High Priestess.Alexandrian Wicca was the creation of Alex Sanders, which is anoffshoot of Gardnerian Wicca. The principle difference between the twois that being skyclad for rituals is optional. The are some otherdifferences, but these are primarily slight differences in rituals, i.e. theuse of the Athame. Alexandrian Wicca was not named after itsfounder, but rather Ancient Alexandria.Raymond Buckland founded Seax Wicca after bringing GardnerianWicca to the USA. Founded in the 1970's, Buckland claims that thisSaxon form of Wicca is different because of its democratic process andits open rituals (all of which can be obtained through your localbookstore). The main feature that makes this different from theprevious two is that, either the Priest or High Priestess can lead the