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NIMJ Amicus Brief_Holmes

NIMJ Amicus Brief_Holmes

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IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALSFOR THE ARMED FORCES
Private First Class (E-3)ANDREW H. HOLMES,United States Army,Appellant,v.The United States of America,Appellee.))))))))))))
 AMICUS CURIAE BRIEF OF THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF MILI-TARY JUSTICE
USCA Misc. Dkt. No. 11-8013/ARCrim. App. Dkt. No. 20100918David M. GossettJoseph P. MintaBrian J. WongMayer Brown LLP1999 K St. N.W.Washington, DC 20006Phone: (202) 263-3000Fax: (202) 263-3300Eugene R. Fidell127 Wall St.New Haven, CT 06511CAAF Bar Number 13979Michelle M. Lindo McCluerNational Institute of Military Justice4801 Massachusetts Ave. N.W.Washington, DC 20016CAAF Bar Number 31105
Attorneys for Amicus Curiae
January 20, 2011
 
i
TABLE OF CONTENTSPage
TABLE OF AUTHORITIES.......................................... iiSTATEMENT OF INTEREST.......................................... 1ISSUE PRESENTED................................................ 2STATEMENT OF STATUTORY JURISDICTION............................ 2STATEMENT OF FACTS............................................. 2INTRODUCTION AND SUMMARY OF ARGUMENT........................... 2REASONS WHY THE WRIT SHOULD ISSUE.............................. 5I. ARTICLE 32 PROCEEDINGS MUST BE CONDUCTED IN ACCORDANCEWITH CIVILIAN CONSTITUTIONAL STANDARDS.................... 5II. THE LIMITATION ORDER VIOLATES THE FIRST AND SIXTHAMENDMENTS BECAUSE JUDICIAL PROCEEDINGS AND RECORDSARE PRESUMPTIVELY PUBLIC, AND THE GOVERNMENT HAS NOTSATISFIED ITS BURDEN OF REBUTTING THIS PRESUMPTION........ 9A. The Limitation Order Violates The Public’s FirstAmendment Right Of Access To Judicial Records........ 91. The Limitation Order is substantively defec-tive........................................... 122. The Limitation Order is procedurally defec-tive........................................... 14B. The Limitation Order Also Infringes On PFCHolmes’s Sixth Amendment Public Trial Rights........ 16III. THE LIMITATION ORDER SUBSTANTIALLY IMPAIRED PFCHOLMES’S RIGHTS TO CROSS-EXAMINATION AND TO PRESENT ADEFENSE.................................................. 20CONCLUSION.................................................... 23
 
ii
TABLE OF AUTHORITIESPage(s)FEDERAL CASES
ABC, Inc. v. Powell
, 47 M.J. 363 (C.A.A.F. 1997)...........
 passimBurns v. Wilson
, 346 U.S. 137 (1953)............................5
California v. Green
, 399 U.S. 149 (1970).......................20
Courtney v. Williams
, 1 M.J. 267 (C.M.A. 1976)..................5
Delaware v. Van Arsdall
, 475 U.S. 673 (1986)...................20
FTC v. Standard Fin. Mgmt. Corp.
,830 F.2d 404 (1st Cir. 1987) ................................12
Gannett Co. v. DePasquale
, 443 U.S. 368 (1979).................17
Globe Newspaper Co. v. Super. Ct.
,457 U.S. 596 (1982) .....................................
 passimIn re Herald Co.
, 734 F.2d 93 (2d Cir. 1984)...............14, 16
Holmes v. South Carolina
, 547 U.S. 319 (2006)..............20, 21
In re Iowa Freedom of Info. Council
,724 F.2d 658 (8th Cir. 1983) ................................15
In re Knight Publ’g Co.
, 743 F.2d 231 (4th Cir. 1984)......14, 15
In re NBC, Inc.
, 828 F.2d 340 (6th Cir. 1987)..................10
In re Neal
, 461 F.3d 1048 (8th Cir. 2006)......................19
Nixon v. Warner Commc’ns
, 435 U.S. 589 (1978)...................9
In re N.Y. Times Co.
, 828 F.2d 110 (2d Cir. 1987)..............10
In re Oliver 
, 333 U.S. 257 (1948).......................9, 10, 17
Presley v. Georgia
, 130 S. Ct. 721 (2010)..................17, 22
Press-Enterprise Co. v. Super. Ct.
,464 U.S. 501 (1984) .....................................
 passimPress-Enterprise Co. v. Super. Ct.
,478 U.S. 1 (1986) .....................................7, 8, 17

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