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300 Puzzles net

# 300 Puzzles net

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08/07/2011

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Let's assume that when the last person reached the first person, the platoon moved X metersforward.Thus, while moving forward the last person moved (50+X) meters whereas the platoon moved Xmeters.Similarly, while moving back the last person moved [50-(50-X)] X meters whereas the platoonmoved (50-X) meters.Now, as the ratios are equal,(50+X)/X = X/(50-X)(50+X)*(50-X) = X*XSolving, X=35.355 metersThus, total distance covered by the last person= (50+X) + X= 2*X + 50= 2*(35.355) + 50= 120.71 metersNote that at first glance, one might think that the total distance covered by the lastperson is 100 meters, as he ran the total lenght of the platoon (50 meters) twice. TRUE,but that's the relative distance covered by the last person i.e. assuming that the platoonis stationary.====================================A contractor had employed 100 labourers for a flyover construction task. He did not allowany woman to work without her husband. Also, atleast half the men working came with theirwives.He paid five rupees per day to each man, four ruppes to each woman and one rupee to eachchild. He gave out 200 rupees every evening.How many men, women and children were working with the constructor?Answer16 men, 12 women and 72 children were working with the constructor.Let's assume that there were X men, Y women and Z children working with the constructor.Hence,X + Y + Z = 1005X + 4Y + Z = 200Eliminating X and Y in turn from these equations, we getX = 3Z - 200Y = 300 - 4ZAs if woman works, her husband also works and atleast half the men working came with theirwives; the value of Y lies between X and X/2. Substituting these limiting values inequations, we getif Y = X,300 - 4Z = 3Z - 2007Z = 500Z = 500/7 i.e. 71.428if Y = X/2,300 - 4Z = (3Z - 200)/2600 - 8Z = 3Z - 20011Z = 800Z = 800/11 i.e. 72.727But Z must be an integer, hence Z=72. Also, X=16 and Y=12There were 16 men, 12 women and 72 children working with the constructor.===================================Brain Teaser No : 00438