77"Adam is the first prophet of Islam and the first human being. He wascreated by God but brought to life forty days after being kept as a dry body." He is an important figure inJudaismandChristianityas well andhe is best known for the story of Adam and Eve.
47Although best known for theDeluge, Nuhwas a primary preacher of monotheismat his time. Muslims believe his faith in God led to hisselection for buildingthe Ark . In contrast withChristianandJewishtraditions which say theDelugewas a global event, there is somedifference in opinion inIslamover whether the flood associated with Nuh was localized or global.
8Muslims believeHud, for whom theeleventh chapter of theQur'anisnamed, was one of the few people to survive a great storm inflicted byGod, similar to theDelugefive generations earlier, to punish the peopleof the `Ad who had forgotten about God. Hud, by comparison andrecords, is never mentioned in theOld Testamentof theBible.
According to theQur'anGod orderedSalehto leave behind his people,the tribe of Thamud, after they disbelieved and disobeyed God's order tocare for a special camel and instead killed it. In Saleh's and hisfollowers' (believers) absence, God punished the people with an utter cry from the skies that killed his people instantly. Note that Saleh is notShelahmentioned in theOld Testament.
71Abrahamis regarded by Muslims today as one of the significant prophets, because he is credited with rebuilding theKaabainMecca.His family, including his sonIshmael, is also credited with helpingcreate the civilization aroundMeccathat would later give birth to thefinal prophet of Islam,Muhammad.Ibrahimis also noted for almostsacrificing his sonIsmail(Ishmael) for God in an event nowcommemorated annually byEid ul-Adha. He is also the first prophet toname the believers as "Muslims" meaning "those with fullsubmissiontoGod".
29Lotis most notable inIslamfor attempting to preach againsthomosexualityinSodom and Gomorrain addition to preaching for his people to believe in the Oneness of God, only to be mocked and ignored by the people who lived there. Islam also denies the acts attributed toLut that are mentioned in theOld Testament,like drinking and beingdrunk, and having intercourse with and impregnating his two daughters.
12Ismaïl, first-born son of Ibrahim, is a notable prophet inIslamfor hisnear-sacrifice in adulthood. As a child he and his mother Hagar 's searchfor water in the region aroundMeccaled God to reveal theZamzamwell, which still flows to this day.
37Yusuf , son of (Yaqub) and great-grandson of Ibrahim,became a prominent advisor to thekingof Egyptsince the king was believed tohave seen a dream, which was interpreted by Yusuf that predicted theeconomic state of Egypt. He spent a large part of his life away from hiseleven brothers, who were jealous of Yusuf because their father favoredhim. They took him one day, telling their father that they where going to play and have fun, but they planned to kill him. Instead, they threw himdown a well and told their father Yaqub that he was eaten by a wolf.According to Islam Yusuf was gifted with 50% of the beauty distributedto mankind.
4According toIslamictradition,Ayubwas rewarded by afountain of youth, which removed all illnesses except death, for his service to Godin his hometown outsideAl Majdal. Ayub is believed to have suffered anillness for 18 years as test of patience by God.
Jethrowas a direct descendant of Abraham. According toIslam, he wasappointed by God to guide the people of Midyan and Aykah, who livednear Mount Sinai. When the people of the region failed to listen to hiswarnings, God destroyed the disbeliever's villages. Although it ismentioned in theQu'ran,and by the reported speeches from MuhammadthatMusamarried one of Shoaib's daughters, and the same thing ismentioned in theOld Testamentfor a man namedJethro,some scholars believe thatJethroin theOld Testamentis not the same person as Shoaibin the Qu'ran.