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Islam

Islam

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Published by daoud86

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Published by: daoud86 on Aug 13, 2008
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06/16/2009

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Name (Arabic& ArabicTranslit.)Name (Biblical)Main Article(s)No. of verseswith mentionمدآAdamAdam
Main articles: Islamic viewof Adam
 
 , Adam , and  Adam and Eve
77"Adam is the first prophet of Islam and the first human being. He wascreated by God but brought to life forty days after being kept as a dry body." He is an important figure in JudaismandChristianityas well and he is best known for the story of Adam and Eve.
سيردإIdrisEnoch
Main article: Idris
2Idrislived during a period of droughtinflicted by God to punish the  people of the world who had forgotten God. Idris prayed for salvationand an end to the suffering, and so the world received rain.
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حون NuhNoah
Main article:  Nuh
47Although best known for the Deluge, Nuhwas a primary preacher of  monotheismat his time. Muslims believe his faith in God led to hisselection for buildingthe Ark . In contrast withChristianand Jewish  traditions which say theDelugewas a global event, there is somedifference in opinion inIslamover whether the flood associated with Nuh was localized or global.
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دوهHudEber
Main article: Hud 
8Muslims believeHud, for whom the eleventh chapter of theQur'anis named, was one of the few people to survive a great storm inflicted byGod, similar to the Delugefive generations earlier, to punish the people of the `Ad who had forgotten about God. Hud, by comparison andrecords, is never mentioned in theOld Testamentof the Bible.
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لاص SalehShaloh
Main article:Saleh
According to theQur'an God ordered Saleh to leave behind his people, the tribe of Thamud, after they disbelieved and disobeyed God's order tocare for a special camel and instead killed it. In Saleh's and hisfollowers' (believers) absence, God punished the people with an utter cry from the skies that killed his people instantly. Note that Saleh is notShelahmentioned in theOld Testament.
 
هبإIbrahimAbraham
Main article: Ibrahim
71Abrahamis regarded by Muslims today as one of the significant prophets, because he is credited with rebuilding theKaabainMecca. His family, including his sonIshmael, is also credited with helpingcreate the civilization aroundMeccathat would later give birth to thefinal prophet of Islam,Muhammad.Ibrahimis also noted for almost sacrificing his sonIsmail(Ishmael) for God in an event now commemorated annually byEid ul-Adha. He is also the first prophet toname the believers as "Muslims" meaning "those with fullsubmissionto God".
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طول LutLot
Main article:  Lut 
29Lotis most notable inIslamfor attempting to preach against homosexualityin Sodom and Gomorrain addition to preaching for his  people to believe in the Oneness of God, only to be mocked and ignored by the people who lived there. Islam also denies the acts attributed toLut that are mentioned in the Old Testament,like drinking and being drunk, and having intercourse with and impregnating his two daughters.
عاإIsmailIshmael
12Ismaïl, first-born son of  Ibrahim, is a notable prophet inIslamfor his near-sacrifice in adulthood. As a child he and his mother  Hagar 's search for water in the region aroundMeccaled God to reveal theZamzam  well, which still flows to this day.
قاإIshaqIsaac
Main article: Ishaq
16According to Islamic tradition, Isaac, second-born son of Ibrahim,  became a prophet in Canaan. He, along with his brother Ismaïl, carried on the legacy of Ibrahimas prophets of Islam.
وي YaqubJacob
Main article:Yaqub
19Jacob, according to theQur'an was "of the company of the Elect and the Good"
and he continued the legacy of both his father,Isaac, and hisgrandfather,Abraham. Like his ancestors, he was committed toworshipping God exclusively.
 
فوي Yusuf Joseph
Main article:Yusuf 
37Yusuf , son of (Yaqub) and great-grandson of Ibrahim,became a  prominent advisor to thekingof  Egyptsince the king was believed to have seen a dream, which was interpreted by Yusuf that predicted theeconomic state of Egypt. He spent a large part of his life away from hiseleven brothers, who were jealous of Yusuf because their father favoredhim. They took him one day, telling their father that they where going to play and have fun, but they planned to kill him. Instead, they threw himdown a well and told their father Yaqub that he was eaten by a wolf.According to Islam Yusuf was gifted with 50% of the beauty distributedto mankind.
ويأAyubJob
Main articles: Ayub and  Job (Biblical figure)
4According to Islamictradition, Ayubwas rewarded by a fountain of  youth, which removed all illnesses except death, for his service to Godin his hometown outsideAl Majdal. Ayub is believed to have suffered anillness for 18 years as test of patience by God.
ش ShoaibJethro
Main articles:Shoaiband  Jethro
Jethrowas a direct descendant of  Abraham. According to Islam, he was appointed by God to guide the people of Midyan and Aykah, who livednear Mount Sinai. When the people of the region failed to listen to hiswarnings, God destroyed the disbeliever's villages. Although it ismentioned in theQu'ran,and by the reported speeches from Muhammad that Musamarried one of Shoaib's daughters, and the same thing is mentioned in theOld Testamentfor a man namedJethro,some scholars  believe thatJethroin the Old Testamentis not the same person as Shoaib in the Qu'ran.

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