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Table Of Contents

Biocompatibility HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
REQUIREMENT OF DENTAL MATERIALS
ANATOMICAL AND PATHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF ORAL TESSUIES
ENAMEL
Dentin and pulp:
PERIODONICAL ATTACHMENT:
PERIAPICAL AREA:
SPECIAL BIOLOGICAL INTERFACE WITH DENTAL MATERIALS:
y Dentin rein interface
The bio compatibility of a restoration is altered by the leakage process which
may cause a number of undesirable events:-
Oral immuno system:
ADVERSE EFFECT FROM DENTAL MATERIALS
TOXICITY
INFLAMMATION
HYPERSENSITIVELY AND ALLERGY
Mutagenic Reactions
Osseo integration and bio integration
Osseointegration-
Biointegration :
Immunotoxicity:
EVALUATION TEST OF BIOCOMPATIBILITY:
MEASURING THE BIOCOMPATABILITY OF MATERIALS
Types of Tests
ADVANTAGES
Disadvantages
Advantages of cytotoxicity assays are
MEMBRANE PERMEABILITY TESTS
CELL NUMBER AND GROWTH TESTS
TESTS FOR CELL METABOLISM OR CELL FUNCTION
TESTS THAT USE BARRIERS
OTHER ASSAYS FOR CELL FUNCTIONS
MUTAGENESIS ASSAYS
ANIMAL TESTS
Disadvantage include
Mucous membrane Irritation test
Skin sensitization Test ( Guinea pig maximization test)
IMPLANTATION TESTS
USAGE TESTS
Advantage
Disadvantage
Dental pulp irritation tests
Slight
Moderate
Severe
MUCOSA AND GINGIVAL USAGE TESTS
Difficulties include
Bacterial plaque
DENTAL IMPLANTS IN BONE
Using in vitro Animal and Usage Tests Together
STANDARDS THAT REGULATE THE MEASUREMENT OF
BIOCOMPATABILITY
ANSI / ADA DOCUMENT 41
ISO STANDARD 10993
BIOCOMPATABILITY OF DENTAL MATERIALS
MICROLEAKAGE
AMALGAM
DIRECT FILLING GOLD
DENTAL CASTING ALLOYS
Chronic form
CERAMICS
GROUP II
ZINC PHOSPHATE CEMENT
GLASS IONOMER CEMENT
GROUP III
SILICATE CEMENT
RESINS
BONDING AGENTS
LINERS AND VARNISHES
CONCLUSION
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biocompatibility of dental materials

biocompatibility of dental materials

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Published by Preethi Iyengar

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Published by: Preethi Iyengar on Jan 21, 2011
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12/12/2012

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