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Oil and Gas Delivery to Europe

Oil and Gas Delivery to Europe

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Published by Ifri Energie
A paper addressing the complex issue of hydrocarbon supply to the EU, looking at logistical and political questions regarding suppliers, infrastructure, and emerging consumers who compete for the finite resources available.
A paper addressing the complex issue of hydrocarbon supply to the EU, looking at logistical and political questions regarding suppliers, infrastructure, and emerging consumers who compete for the finite resources available.

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Published by: Ifri Energie on Jan 21, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Susanne NIES
 An Overview of Existing and Planned Infrastructures
New Edition
 The Institut Français des Relations Internationales (IFRI) is a research center and a forum fordebate on major international political and economic issues. Headed by Thierry de Montbrialsince its founding in 1979, Ifri is a non-governmental and a non-profit organization.As an independent think tank, IFRI sets its own research agenda, publishing its findingsregularly for a global audience. Using an interdisciplinary approach, IFRI brings togetherpolitical and economic decision-makers, researchers and internationally renowned experts toanimate its debate and research activities.With offices in Paris and Brussels, IFRI stands out as one of the rare French think tanks to havepositioned itself at the very heart of European debate.The Program aims to contribute to the emergence of a coherent and sustainable energy andclimate policy through seminars, debates, and publications. This series of works covers theprincipal issues in the energy sector.Tome 1: Abatement of CO
Emissions in the European Union (2007)Tome 2:
L’énergie nucléaire et les opinions publ
iques européennes (2008)Tome 3: The External Energy Policy of the European Union (2008)Tome 4:
Gaz et pétrole vers l’Europe. Perspectives pour les infra
-structures (2008)Tome 5:
La gouvernance mondiale de l’énergie : enjeux et perspec
-tives (2009)Tome 6: Governance of Oil in Africa: Unfinished Business (2009)Tome 7: Energy in India's Future: Insights (2009)Tome 8: At the Speed of Light? Electricity Interconnections for Europe (2009)Tome 9: Ukraine: a Transit Country in Deadlock? (2010)Tome 10: The
Major Electricity and Gas Utilities since Market Liberalization (2010) © All rights reserved, Ifri, 2011ISBN: 978-2-86592-817-0ISSN: 1962-610XWebsite:
27 rue de la Procession75740 Paris Cedex 15
FrancePhone: +33 (0)1 40 61 60 00Email: ifri@ifri.org
Rue Marie-Thérèse, 211000 Brussels
BelgiumPhone : +32 (0)2 238 51 10Email: info.bruxelles@ifri.org
1 © Ifri
The European Union‟s hydrocarbon energy supply depends heavily
on imports. While the European Commission has recommendeddiversifying and increasing domestic resources, notably with rene-wable resources which should grow to 20% by 2020, dependence onhydrocarbon imports will remain not only substantial, but will increase.Particular attention must thus be paid to the question of trans-portation, and also to the countries of origin, investments in infrastruc-ture, their protection, relations with t
ransit countries, „competing con
sumers‟ (notably China and emerging countries, but also the United
States), energy wastefulness in producing countries, and, finally,price. Security of supply depends on adequate and reliable infra-structure, and must always be thought of in the long term.This entirely revised edition of the fourth study conducted bythe European Governance and Geopolitics of Energy program at Ifriincludes discussions about pipeline routes and potential outputs, theircurrent use and financial requirements for transportation, ongoingprojects and those planned for the future, their cost, their financing,and their probable operational start-up date. While all infrastructuresare necessarily included (including Norway, the United Kingdom, andNorth Africa), particular attention is paid to transportation infras-tructure that connects Europe with Russia and the former SovietUnion (Central Asia, Caspian Sea). It will be immediately clear thatthe issue of gas is dominant in current discussions.

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