Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
8Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Oil and Gas Delivery to Europe

Oil and Gas Delivery to Europe

Ratings: (0)|Views: 469|Likes:
Published by Ifri Energie
A paper addressing the complex issue of hydrocarbon supply to the EU, looking at logistical and political questions regarding suppliers, infrastructure, and emerging consumers who compete for the finite resources available.
A paper addressing the complex issue of hydrocarbon supply to the EU, looking at logistical and political questions regarding suppliers, infrastructure, and emerging consumers who compete for the finite resources available.

More info:

Published by: Ifri Energie on Jan 21, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

04/16/2013

pdf

text

original

 
O
IL
 
 AND
G
 AS
 
D
ELIVERY 
 
TO
E
UROPE
 
GOUVERNANCE EUROPEENNE ET GEOPOLITIQUE DE L
NERGIE
11
 
Susanne NIES
 An Overview of Existing and Planned Infrastructures
New Edition
 
 The Institut Français des Relations Internationales (IFRI) is a research center and a forum fordebate on major international political and economic issues. Headed by Thierry de Montbrialsince its founding in 1979, Ifri is a non-governmental and a non-profit organization.As an independent think tank, IFRI sets its own research agenda, publishing its findingsregularly for a global audience. Using an interdisciplinary approach, IFRI brings togetherpolitical and economic decision-makers, researchers and internationally renowned experts toanimate its debate and research activities.With offices in Paris and Brussels, IFRI stands out as one of the rare French think tanks to havepositioned itself at the very heart of European debate.The Program aims to contribute to the emergence of a coherent and sustainable energy andclimate policy through seminars, debates, and publications. This series of works covers theprincipal issues in the energy sector.Tome 1: Abatement of CO
2
Emissions in the European Union (2007)Tome 2:
L’énergie nucléaire et les opinions publ
iques européennes (2008)Tome 3: The External Energy Policy of the European Union (2008)Tome 4:
Gaz et pétrole vers l’Europe. Perspectives pour les infra
-structures (2008)Tome 5:
La gouvernance mondiale de l’énergie : enjeux et perspec
-tives (2009)Tome 6: Governance of Oil in Africa: Unfinished Business (2009)Tome 7: Energy in India's Future: Insights (2009)Tome 8: At the Speed of Light? Electricity Interconnections for Europe (2009)Tome 9: Ukraine: a Transit Country in Deadlock? (2010)Tome 10: The
EU’s
Major Electricity and Gas Utilities since Market Liberalization (2010) © All rights reserved, Ifri, 2011ISBN: 978-2-86592-817-0ISSN: 1962-610XWebsite:
Ifri.org 
Ifri
27 rue de la Procession75740 Paris Cedex 15
 –
FrancePhone: +33 (0)1 40 61 60 00Email: ifri@ifri.org
Ifri-Bruxelles
Rue Marie-Thérèse, 211000 Brussels
 –
BelgiumPhone : +32 (0)2 238 51 10Email: info.bruxelles@ifri.org
 
 
1 © Ifri
Abstract
The European Union‟s hydrocarbon energy supply depends heavily
on imports. While the European Commission has recommendeddiversifying and increasing domestic resources, notably with rene-wable resources which should grow to 20% by 2020, dependence onhydrocarbon imports will remain not only substantial, but will increase.Particular attention must thus be paid to the question of trans-portation, and also to the countries of origin, investments in infrastruc-ture, their protection, relations with t
ransit countries, „competing con
-
sumers‟ (notably China and emerging countries, but also the United
States), energy wastefulness in producing countries, and, finally,price. Security of supply depends on adequate and reliable infra-structure, and must always be thought of in the long term.This entirely revised edition of the fourth study conducted bythe European Governance and Geopolitics of Energy program at Ifriincludes discussions about pipeline routes and potential outputs, theircurrent use and financial requirements for transportation, ongoingprojects and those planned for the future, their cost, their financing,and their probable operational start-up date. While all infrastructuresare necessarily included (including Norway, the United Kingdom, andNorth Africa), particular attention is paid to transportation infras-tructure that connects Europe with Russia and the former SovietUnion (Central Asia, Caspian Sea). It will be immediately clear thatthe issue of gas is dominant in current discussions.

Activity (8)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
batuza liked this
jackro10yahoo liked this
banarisali liked this
gennaro_basile liked this
Hwang Inbum liked this
lkosgey liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->