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Poverty + Political Freedoms Data

Poverty + Political Freedoms Data

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Published by Andy Sumner

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Published by: Andy Sumner on Jan 21, 2011
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01/23/2011

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DO THE WORLD’S POOR LIVE IN ‘FREE’ SOCIETIES?20 01 10
 Note: This exercise was intended as a ‘thought experiment’ and should be taken with the usualcaveats on data and categorizations of ‘poverty’ and politically ‘free’ societies.We took Freedom House’s (2011) definitions (direct quotes):
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A ‘free’ country is one where there is open political competition, a climate of respect for civil liberties, significant independent civic life, and independent media.
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A ‘partly free’ country is one in which there is limited respect for political rights and civilliberties. ‘Partly free’ states frequently suffer from an environment of corruption, weak rule of law, ethnic and religious strife, and a political landscape in which a single partyenjoys dominance despite a certain degree of pluralism.
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A ‘not free’ country is one where basic political rights are absent, and basic civil libertiesare widely and systematically denied.We found, using US$1.25/day data that:
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43% of global poor population live in ‘free’ countries (but if you remove India, only 9%of the world’s poor live in free societies);
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31% of global poor population live in ‘partly free’ countries;
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26% of global poor population live in ‘not free’ countries (but if you remove China, only10% of the poor live in ‘not free’ countries).% of global poor living in:
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Low income country (LIC) Free1%
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LIC Partly Free18%
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LIC Not Free6%
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Middle Income Country (MIC) Free (incl. India) 42% (without India 34%)
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MIC Partly Free13%
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MIC Not Free (incl. China)20% (without China 16%)
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Table 1. Poverty (US$1.25) and Political Freedom (Freedom House data)
Key:FreePartly FreeNot FreeCountryNumber of poor(millions, US$1.25)% of world poorCurrent status of politicalfreedom (free/not free)Trends in political freedoms(positive or negative)Low income countries
AfghanistanNot FreeNegativeBangladesh760097805.73Partly FreeBenin34826100.26FreeBurkina Faso72673500.55Partly FreeBurundi61831600.47Partly FreeNegativeCambodia37012800.28Not FreeNegativeC.A.R.24714400.19Partly FreeChad58012800.44Not FreeComoros2711000.020Partly FreeD.R.C.360056402.71Not FreeEritreaNot FreeEthiopia291476202.2Not FreeNegativeGambia, The4932300.037Partly FreeGhana67157600.51FreeGuinea62205000.47Partly FreePositiveGuinea-Bissau6682500.050Partly FreeNegativeHaiti48322900.36Partly FreeNegativeKenya70630700.53Partly FreePositiveKorea, D.R.Not FreeKyrgyz, Rep.1790300.013Partly FreePositiveLao P.D.R.24613700.19Not FreeLiberia30342200.23Partly FreeMadagascar119477500.90Partly FreeNegativeMalawi98067600.74Partly FreeMali62323400.47FreeMauritania5509500.042Not FreeMozambique147763901.11Partly FreeMyanmarNot Free Nepal147037801.11Partly Free Niger86315500.65Partly FreeRwanda60924900.46Not FreeNegativeSierra Leone25257500.19Partly FreeSomaliaNot Free
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Tajikistan13868100.10Not FreeTanzania302130402.28Partly FreePositiveTogo23768500.18Partly FreeUganda147887301.11Partly FreeZambia73755300.56Partly FreeNegativeZimbabweNot Free
Middle income countries
Albania622100.0047Partly FreeAlgeriaNot FreeAmerican SamoaAngola77552100.58Not FreeArgentina13256700.1FreeArmenia1121400.0084Partly FreeAzerbaijan1678400.013Not FreeBelarus1940400.015Not FreeBelizeFreeBhutan1614500.012Partly FreeBolivia11296100.085Partly FreeBosnia and H.755700.0057Partly FreeBotswanaFreeBrazil99052500.75FreeBulgaria1564600.012FreeCameroon53291600.40Not FreeCape Verde918800.0069FreeChile3293500.025FreeChina20755926015.64Not FreeColombia69970900.53Partly FreePositiveCongo, Rep.18484100.14Not FreeCosta Rica891800.0067FreeCote dIvoire42186700.32Not FreeNegativeCubaNot FreeDjibouti1437300.011Not FreeNegativeDominicaFreeDominican Republic4343500.033FreeEcuador6257300.047Partly FreeEgypt15430900.12Not FreeNegativeEl Salvador3926600.03FreeFijiPartly FreeNegativeGabon662700.005Not FreeGeorgia6000300.045Partly FreePositiveGrenadaFreeGuatemala15243400.11Partly FreeGuyanaFree
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