The HC are expelled from the source rock and migrate to a trap where it willaccumulate.
3 types of geochemical models : organic facies, thermal maturity and volumetric.
2 ORGANIC FACIES2.1 T
HE CARBON CYCLE
Most of organic matter is returned to the atmosphere through the carbon cycle (photosynthesis),only 1% of the photosynthetic production is preserved in sediments.
The oxidation in the sediments (down to 300m) will bring the Total Organic Carbon (TOC)value down to 0.1%.
ACTORS INFLUENCING ORGANIC RICHNESS
The 3 factors influencing the amount of organic matter in a sediment are: productivity, preservationand dilution.
Shallow water is the most productive environment (Plants + light: 20 000t/km
In high water zones, water upwelling can increase productivity
Preservation is the most important factor for organic richness. It is linked to:
Anoxia : linked to stagnancy, the sediments are very dark.
Oxygen Minimum Layer (OML): the O
request is higher than the production, due to decay of organic matter falling from the upper photic zone.
JCD 09/2003 3/7